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历史上的今天-March 27

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:23:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  The KLM plane was carrying 249 people
          1977: Runway collision kills 560
          England have
          At least 560 people died when two jumbo jets collided on a runway in what
is thought to be the world's worst disaster involving aircraft on the
ground.
          A massive explosion followed by a ball of fire erupted at Los Rodeos
airport, Tenerife, in the Canary Islands, in dense fog as both airliners were
taxiing for take-off at 1800 local time.
          The sound of the explosion was heard across the island.
          Early reports suggest a Boeing 747, belonging to Dutch national airline
KLM, and a Pan American 747 travelling from Los Angeles to Las Palmas were
involved in the accident.
          No-one survived from the Dutch airliner which was carrying 249 passengers
including crew, and was travelling from Schipol airport, Amsterdam.
          The Pan-Am plane was a charter flight carrying 16 crew and 378 passengers
and there were said to be about 60 survivors, the majority of whom were
injured.
          Rescue efforts
          Eyewitnesses said the airport is now covered in dense black smoke following
the explosions and emergency services are struggling to cope with the enormous
numbers of casualties.
          Rescue workers have been plunging into the burning wreckage to pull out
survivors.
          The army is expected to move in to help the rescue operation.
          Neither airline was originally due to be at the airport but both were
diverted from the much bigger Las Palmas on nearby Gran Canaria island after a
terrorist bomb blast near the departure lounge.
          Experts say it is too early to suggest the cause of the crash but many
believe it was in part due to the extra number of flights and pressure on
resources at the small airport following several diversions from Las Palmas.
          It will once again place security at Spanish airports under the spotlight,
hard pressed by package tour flights.
          A crash of such magnitude before take-off has horrified industry
insiders.
          Previously the worst accident in aviation history was a Turkish airlines
crash near Paris with the loss of 346 lives.
          The rig was 235 miles east of Dundee
          1980: North Sea platform collapses
          Artificially 1969:
          The At least 120 oil rig workers are feared dead after a North Sea
accommodation platform collapsed during gales.
          Reports say a massive wave hit one of the legs of the platform, causing it
to break and send the 208 people on board into the sea at around 1830 GMT.
          Some were able to make it to the lifeboats before the platform fully
capsized while others were thrown into the sea as the rig began to tilt.
          Most of those missing from the Alexander Kielland platform, which was
situated 235 miles east of Dundee, are Norwegian.
          There were some Britons and Americans on board. Many of the crew are
thought to have been in the platform's cinema at the time of impact.
          A spokesman for Phillips Petroleum, the American owners of the rig the
platform was connected to, said: "The rig is now bottom up after capsizing
completely and dropping people into the sea."
          RAF and Norwegian helicopters have been sent to the area along with local
ships who have been asked to help with the rescue.
          An RAF Nimrod, complete with searchlights and flares is on its way to the
scene.
          However, poor weather conditions are making the rescue very difficult and
there are reports of people being swept away as they attempt to reach rescue
boats or neighbouring rigs .
          The Norwegian Government is holding an emergency meeting to discuss the
disaster.
          The accommodation platform contains bedrooms, lounges, kitchens and leisure
facilities for workers. It was attached to the Edda oil rig in the Ekofisk field
where work was being carried out.
          The platform is a semi-submersible that floats on two pontoons with legs
supporting the main deck. It houses workers while they carry out jobs on the oil
rigs.
          This is the second major accident at Ekofisk field. A blow-out on the Bravo
platform in 1977 caused a mass evacuation of all on-board.
          Vocabulary:
          rig: To provide with a harness or equipment; fit out(配备;装配)
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