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Today in history:April 1

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:20:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  April 1
          The Enigma machines were similar in appearance to large typewriters
          2000: Wartime coding machine stolen
          England have
          A coding machine used by the Germans to encode messages during World War II
has been stolen from the Bletchley Park Museum in Buckinghamshire, south-east
England.
          Police said the thief is thought to have carried the cipher machine , which
looks like a large typewriter, out of the museum in broad daylight, on a day
when the building was open to the public.
          It is one of only three such machines in the world, and its value is
estimated at more than ?00,000.
          Christine Large, the director of the Bletchley Park Trust, said, "This
particular one was extra special because it was used by the German SS and was
made to a higher standard than the ones which were used in the field. We can
only hope we get it back."
          Stolen to order
          It"s thought the machine may have been stolen to order. It is thought more
than one person may have been involved in a carefully-planned operation.
          The machine was secured in a glass cabinet which had not been broken. There
was an alarm system in operation as well as volunteers watching over the
collections.
          The theft comes just a week before a new security system was to be
installed.
          "Unbreakable" code
          Bletchley Park, a stately home in 50 acres of grounds, was known as Station
X during the war. There, British agents succeeded in cracking the Enigma code -
a cipher with 150 million million million possible combinations which the
Germans thought was unbreakable.
          By 1945 there were 10,000 mathematicians, linguists and chess champions
working there, decoding up to 18,000 messages a day.
          The methods they used - inventing machines which ran through large numbers
of possible positions in a short period of time - meant the work at Bletchley
Park paved the way for the invention of the modern computer.
          Their work is said to have shortened the war by several years. Winston
Churchill referred to the staff as "the geese that laid the golden eggs, and
never cackled".
          Station X was a secret until 1967, but is now a popular tourist
attraction.
          The US wants Mr Milosevic to stand trial for war crimes
          2001: Ex-Yugoslav leader arrested after siege
          Artificially 1969:
          The Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic has been arrested and
taken to prison, ending a heavily-armed standoff at his Belgrade villa.
          The news came shortly after five single shots and a burst of automatic gun
fire were heard at Mr Milosevic"s home where he had been surrounded by police
for nearly 36 hours.
          A senior official from the ex-leader"s Socialist Party, Vladimir Ivkovic,
said Mr Milosevic had decided to give himself up of his own free will.
          "Unbalanced" mental state
          Mr Milosevic was thought to have been holed up in the villa with his wife
and daughter and about 20 well-armed bodyguards who fought off a police assault
on the villa in the early hours of Saturday.
          Mr Milosevic earlier insisted that he would "not go to jail alive" and was
said to be in an "unbalanced" mental state.
          Mr Milosevic faces charges in Yugoslavia of corruption and theft of state
funds.
          He is also wanted on war crimes charges by the International Criminal
Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
          However, Yugoslav President Vojislav Kostunica has said the extradition of
Mr Milosevic to the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague is not his
government"s immediate priority, despite growing international pressure.
          The arrest coincides with the expiry of a US deadline for the Yugoslav
government to detain the former president or risk losing substantial American
aid and international loans.
          A decision on whether to release some $50m of aid is expected on
Monday.
          Vocabulary:
          cipher machine : 密码机
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