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名师指导:语法十题练习

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:35:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The car ran over a dog and a boy ______ just crossing the street.
汽车轧过正在横穿街道的一只狗和一个男孩。
1 those were
2 that were
3 that was
4 who was
Tom is not the man ______ he was when I first knew him.
汤姆不是我第一次认识的那个人了。
1 which
2 what
3 whom
4 that
The woman ______ lives in the next house owns a big garden.
住在隔壁的女人拥有一个大花园。
1 who
2 what
3 which
4 whom
You should read the books ______ will develop your mind.
你应看那些能拓展你的思惟的书籍。
1 whom
2 that
3 who
4 what
Tom is the only man ______ I want to see.
汤姆是我唯一想见的人。
1 that
2 which
3 what
4 who
The woman ______ is my teacher.
我跟她说话的那位妇女是我的老师。
1 whom I spoke
2 I spoke to
3 to that I spoke
4 who I spoke
The chair ______ you are sitting is new.
你坐著的椅子是新的。
1 on that
2 on which
3 that
4 which
All ______ they do every day is sit inside and study.
他们每天做的事就是坐在屋子里学习。
1 which
2 who
3 whose
4 that
Were I rich, ______ I’m not, I would go traveling over the whole world.
如果我富裕,我会周游世界,而事实上我不富裕。
1 which
2 so
3 what
4 while
He said he had finished the work, ______ was untrue.
他说他已经完成耕作,这不是真的。
1 what
2 how
3 which
4 why
        答案及其解答
The car ran over a dog and a boy ______ just crossing the street.
汽车轧过正在横穿街道的一只狗和一个男孩。
1 those were
2 that were
3 that was
4 who was
重点复习:先行词是"人和物"时,关系代词只能用that,主语为a dog and a boy,动词要用复数,所以要选that were。
Tom is not the man ______ he was when I first knew him.
汤姆不是我第一次认识的那个人了。
1 which
2 what
3 whom
4 that @ 重点复习:先行词是"人和物"时,关系代词只能用that,主语为a dog and a boy,动词要用复数,所以要选that were。
The woman ______ lives in the next house owns a big garden.
住在隔壁的女人拥有一个大花园。
1 who@
2 what
3 which
4 whom
重点复习:the woman指人,关系代词在从句中又作主语,所以只能用who。 You should read the books ______ will develop your mind.
你应看那些能拓展你的思惟的书籍。
1 whom
2 that@
3 who
4 what
重点复习:先行词为"物",关系代词用that或which,这里只有that可供选择。
Tom is the only man ______ I want to see.
汤姆是我唯一想见的人。
1 that@
2 which
3 what
4 who
重点复习:人或物之前有only修饰时,定语从句要用that引导,一定不能用which呦。
The woman ______ is my teacher.
我跟她说话的那位妇女是我的老师。
1 whom I spoke
2 I spoke to@
3 to that I spoke
4 who I spoke
重点复习:定语从句中的宾格关系代词whom可以省略,但whom前面有介词时除外,本句要选I spoke to,因为前面的whom省掉了
The chair ______ you are sitting is new.
你坐著的椅子是新的。
1 on that
2 on which@
3 that
4 which
重点复习:本句实际上是The chair which(that) you are sitting on is new。将介词on提前,后面要用which,一定不能用that。本句一定要有on,因为是you are sitting on the chair,而不是
you are sitting the chair。 All ______ they do every day is sit inside and study.
他们每天做的事就是坐在屋子里学习。
1 which
2 who
3 whose
4 that
重点复习:先行词为anything,all等不定代词时,引导定语从句的关系代词要用that,而不用which,这可是规则呦。
Were I rich, ______ I'm not, I would go traveling over the whole world.
如果我富裕,我会周游世界,而事实上我不富裕。
1 which@
2 so
3 what
4 while
重点复习:which I'm not是非限定定语从句(先行词是前面从句中的rich),因此关系代词只能用which,不能用that。
He said he had finished the work, ______ was untrue.
他说他已经完成耕作,这不是真的。
1 what
2 how
3 which@
4 why
重点复习:由于句中有了逗点,所以表明后句是一个非限定的定语从句,要用which引导,可要记牢呦。
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