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Today in history:March 6

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:20:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  March 6
          Dr Kwame Nkrumah was independent Ghana"s first leader
          1957: Ghana celebrates independence
          England have
          The people of Ghana have been celebrating the end of colonial rule and the
dawn of their independence.
          Most workers have been given the day off - tens of thousands have gathered
in the capital, Accra, to greet the independent country"s first prime minister,
Dr Kwame Nkrumah.
          The Duchess of Kent has been attending the celebrations. Last night, she
opened the Independence Monument, erected near the spot where in 1948 members of
the Ghanaian ex-servicemen"s union were shot when marching to present a petition
to the British Governor.
          The Gold Coast Legislative Assembly was prorogued at midnight to cheers
from the waiting crowd outside.
          This morning the Legislative Assembly building, now the building of the
Ghana parliament was packed with members dressed in their national costumes. The
first Governor-General of Ghana, Sir Charles Arden-Clarke has been sworn in.
          The Duchess gave a speech, setting out the Ghana Government policy. She
also read out a personal message from the Queen to the people of Ghana.
          In it she said: "The hopes of many, especially in Africa, hang on your
endeavours. It is my earnest and confident belief that my people in Ghana will
go forward in freedom and justice."
          In reply, Dr Nkrumah said: "My government fully realises both the
advantages and the responsibilities involved in the achievement of independence.
It intends to make full use of these advantages to increase the prosperity of
the country."
          Earlier, the British Prime Minister, Harold Macmillan, made a speech
welcoming Ghana"s move to independence.
          "The government and people of Ghana have set their hands to a great task.
We are confident whatever may be the difficulties which will face them they will
maintain and develop the principles of tolerance and freedom which are inherent
in our parliamentary system. We shall give them all the help we can."
          So far 49 people have drowned and dozens are still missing
          1987: Hundreds trapped as car ferry capsizes
          Artificially 1969:
          The Forty-nine people have been confirmed dead - and dozens are missing -
after a car ferry capsized just outside the Belgian port of Zeebrugge.
          Rescuers say more than 400 people have been brought out of the ship alive.
Many have been taken to hospitals in Bruges and Blankenburg suffering from cuts
and bruises, hypothermia and shock.
          Divers are still searching the upturned hull of the Herald of Free
Enterprise for air pockets in which passengers may have survived. But hope is
fading of finding anyone alive.
          The tragedy happened just before 1900 GMT as the Townsend Thoresen ferry
left Zeebrugge bound for Dover with 650 passengers on board, many of them Sun
readers who had taken advantage of the newspaper"s offer on a cut-price day trip
to the Continent.
          No time to send SOS
          It is not clear how the disaster happened. Survivors say the boat went over
in seconds and began filling rapidly with water. There was no time to send an
SOS.
          The only way out for many was to smash windows and clamber onto the side of
the ship and wait to be lifted off.
          Rescue helicopters, including two RAF Sea Kings, were at the scene within
minutes. Dutch and Belgian boats in the area were also diverted to help in the
rescue operation.
          Maureen and Frank Bennett, from Crawley in Sussex, had been on a day trip
to Belgium with their daughter and her boyfriend to celebrate their wedding
anniversary.
          From her hospital bed, Mrs Bennett said: "It was so cold...all we wanted to
do was just get out. It was so frightening, it really was."
          She was being filmed by a BBC camera crew when a member of the hospital
staff brought her the news her daughter had been found and was safe and well.
She burst into tears and said, "She"s alive, she"s alive. Thank God."
          Another woman told how her husband had made himself into a human bridge so
she and her daughter could climb across to safety - but when she called to him
to follow he said there were others who needed help getting out. He has not been
seen since.
          The Queen has sent a message of sympathy. The Duke and Duchess of York have
gone to Belgium on her behalf.
          The Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, has flown to Zeebrugge. She paid
this tribute to the emergency services: "It has been a night of great courage
and a night of great professionalism and of concern on the part of all the
rescue services."
          Questions are already being asked about how the ferry tipped over so fast.
It appears the water may have got in through the bow doors.
          Managing director of Townsend Thoresen Peter Ford said: "The doors on these
ships are held by massive hydraulic rams... they don"t just pop open."
          Vocabulary:
          hypothermia: bring to a head or to the highest point(降低体温)
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