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Today in history:January 16

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:20:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  January 16
          The Shah and his wife flew to Egypt
          1979: Shah of Iran flees into exile
          England have
          The Shah of Iran has fled the country following months of increasingly
violent protests against his regime.
          Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi and his wife, Empress Farah, left Tehran and
flew to Aswan in Egypt.
          The couple"s three youngest children were flown to the United States
yesterday.
          Official reports say the Shah has left for a "vacation" and medical
treatment. In fact, he was asked to leave by the man he appointed prime minister
earlier this month.
          Over the past few months, there have been an increasing number of violent
clashes between security forces and anti-Shah demonstrators.
          Opposition to the Shah has become united behind the Muslim traditionalist
movement led by Iran"s main spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini, from
exile in France.
          There have been calls for the Ayatollah"s return - and news of the Shah"s
departure was greeted with mass celebrations across Iran.
          British and United States" ex-patriates living in Iran - regarded as
symbols of westernization - have been the frequent target of attacks. Thousands
have left the country.
          Martial law was declared in many cities on 8 September. But later that
month, industrial action by thousands of Iranian workers culminated in a mass
strike by employees in the oil industry.
          The strike sparked riots and rallies across the country in support of the
Ayatollah.
          Western governments, like the US, UK and West Germany, have continued to
express support for the Shah.
          The Shah appointed a new military government in early November. But it
failed to stem the rising tide of support for the Ayatollah.
          Earlier this month he appointed a new prime minister, Dr Shapur Bahktiar.
When, on 13 January, the Ayatollah declared a revolutionary Islamic council to
replace what he called the "illegal government" of Iran, Dr Bahktiar persuaded
the Shah it was time to leave.
          The court heard that the alleged attack took place during lunch-break
          1998: Four pupils go on trial for sex attack
          Artificially 1969:
          The Court proceedings have begun against two 10-year-old boys who are
accused of raping a young girl in a school lavatory.
          The pair along with her cousin, now aged 11, and another boy, aged 10, are
also charged with indecent assault. All four deny the charges against their
classmate.
          A fifth boy, aged nine at the time of the incident was also allegedly
involved, but is too young to be prosecuted for rape under the current law.
          The judge and barristers removed their wigs, the defendants sat with their
parents in the well of the court and the clerk addressed them by their first
names to create a "relaxed atmosphere" in what is the youngest ever rape trial
in British criminal history.
          The alleged victim, who was nine at the time of the incident last May,
broke down as she gave evidence via a video link at the Old Bailey.
          She told the court that she was attacked at a London school during the
lunch-break.
          One of the boys took her coat and she chased him into the outside
toilet.
          The young girl, who came to Britain from Jamaica four years ago and lives
with her mother and eight brothers and sisters in the Shepherds Bush area of
west London, found the other boys waiting in the toilet.
          She said they dragged her into a cubicle, stripped and sexually assaulted
her.
          The girl struggled in vain to fight off the boys, who tied a coat over her
mouth to muffle her screams.
          She started to cry as she revealed how she had been forced to the ground
and raped by three of the boys, while the others looked on and laughed at
her.
          Afterwards the girl said her attackers had threatened to beat her if she
told a teacher what had happened.
          That afternoon she returned to her lessons, not having told anyone of the
incident because she was too scared.
          After school, the girl returned home with her cousin, who stayed the night
at her house.
          The court was told that the boy "shadowed" her as she tried to tell her
mother what had happened. The girl added: "He followed me when I was going to
tell my mum."
          She eventually told her mother that some boys had told her to strip, but
did not say any more after she was criticised for not standing up to them.
          The girl asked to stay at home the next day but her mother made her go to
school, although she did write a note to the headmistress asking her to
investigate her daughter"s claims.
          The headmistress interviewed the boys and when one of them admitted
touching her, the police were called in.
          All five boys were later arrested.
          Vocabulary:
          muffle : to conceal or hide(蒙住,压抑)
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