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Today in history:November 10

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:19:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  November 10
          Penguin are delighted the controversial book has sold out across the
country
          1960: Lady Chatterley"s Lover sold out
          England have
          Bookshops all over England have sold out of Penguin"s first run of the
controversial novel Lady Chatterley"s Lover - a total of 200,000 copies - on the
first day of publication.
          DH Lawrence"s sexually explicit novel was published in Italy in 1928 and in
Paris the following year. It has been banned in the UK - until now.
          Last month, after a dramatic and much-publicised trial, Penguin won the
right to publish the book in its entirety.
          For those who can manage to find a copy, it is available in paperback for
just 3s 6d.
          London"s largest bookstore, W&G Foyle Ltd, said its 300 copies had gone
in just 15 minutes and it had taken orders for 3,000 more copies.
          When the shop opened this morning there were 400 people - mostly men -
waiting to buy the unexpurgated version of the book.
          Hatchards in Piccadilly sold out in 40 minutes and also had hundreds of
orders pending.
          Selfridges sold 250 copies in minutes. A spokesman told the Times
newspaper, "It"s bedlam here. We could have sold 10,000 copies if we had had
them."
          Lady C, as it has become known, has also become a bestseller in the
Midlands and the North where demand has been described as "terrific".
          The book tells of Lady Chatterley"s passionate affair with Mellors, the
family gamekeeper, and details their erotic meetings.
          Last year the government introduced the Obscene Publications Act that said
that any book considered obscene by some but that could be shown to have
"redeeming social merit" might still published.
          This prompted Penguin to print off and store 200,000 copies with the aim of
completing a set of works by DH Lawrence to commemorate the 30th anniversary of
his death this year.
          Penguin sent 12 copies to the Director of Public Prosecutions challenging
him to prosecute, which he duly did.
          The six-day trial at the Old Bailey began on 27 October and gripped the
nation.
          The defence produced 35 witnesses, including bishops and leading literary
figures, such as Dame Rebecca West, EM Forster and Richard Hoggart.
          The prosecution was unable to make a substantial case against the novel and
at one point prosecution counsel Mervyn Griffith-Jones shocked the jury by
asking: "Is it a book you would wish your wife or servants to read?"
          Mr Saro-Wiwa insisted they were framed
          1995: Nigeria hangs human rights activists
          Artificially 1969:
          The The writer and human rights activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa, has been executed
in Nigeria despite worldwide pleas for clemency .
          The country"s military rulers ordered the execution of Mr Saro-Wiwa and
eight other dissidents should go ahead at 0730 local time (0830 GMT).
          They were taken in chains to a prison in the southern city of Port Harcourt
and hanged.
          The activists were condemned to death 10 days ago after being found guilty
of involvement in four murders.
          Mr Saro-Wiwa insisted they were framed because of their opposition to the
oil industry in the Niger-Delta region of southern Nigeria.
          At his trial Mr Saro-Wiwa said the case was designed to prevent members of
his tribe, the Ogoni, from stopping pollution of their homeland and getting a
fair share of oil profits.
          Dozens of Ogonis have been imprisoned by the military regime led by General
Sani Abacha who seized power two years ago.
          The government is fearful of their opposition to mining driving the
companies away, especially the Anglo-Dutch group, Shell.
          Shell is the largest operator in Nigeria and oil it extracts in the
Niger-Delta region provides most of Nigeria"s export earnings.
          The deaths of Mr Saro-Wiwa and the other activists looks likely to lead to
Nigeria"s expulsion or suspension from the Commonwealth whose leaders are
currently meeting in New Zealand.
          After news of the executions became public, South African President Nelson
Mandela said his delegation would recommend Nigeria"s suspension until a
democratic government was elected.
          British Prime Minister John Major called the executions "judicial murder"
and said he did not see how Nigeria could now remain in the Commonwealth.
          Vocabulary:
          unexpurgated : not having material deleted(未经删节的)
          bedlam: a state of extreme confusion and disorder(混乱;骚乱情景)
          clemency: disposition to forgive and spare, as offenders; mildness of
temper; gentleness; tenderness; mercy(温和;和蔼)
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