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美丽的城市:约翰内斯堡(南非)

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:19:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Johannesburg (South Africa)
          Transvaal Museum, located in nearby Pretoria, is the country"s best natural
science museum.
          It is known as the City of Gold, a sprawling megacity (百万人口以上之城市)on the
South African rand(边缘)that seems to radiate endlessly beyond the gleaming urban
core.
          Johannesburg exists largely because of the gold first found here in the
1880s by an Australian prospector(勘探者,探矿者). He"d come across the richest gold
reef ever found, and more than a century later, gold is still being
extracted(开采) from mines around the city.
          The jobs and wealth those mines have generated have made Johannesburg the
country"s largest city, with six million people. A lot of that growth has
happened on the city"s outskirts, where unemployed rural blacks in search of
jobs came and established what became known as townships - in a lot of cases
little more than massive squatter (新开垦地的定居者) camps. The most famous of these is
Soweto(索韦托), and tours there are now available to take visitors to a distinctly
different part of greater Johannesburg.
          A lively show in Sun City, the entertainment and resort complex northwest
of Johannesburg
          Those who have prospered live in a cosmopolitan city that in areas seems to
ooze(渗出;冒出)wealth, and there are many fine galleries, shopping centres and
restaurants to choose from.
          There"s also the popular Rosenbank and Randburg Waterfront nightclub
districts, the Wanderer"s Club cricket grounds and Ellis Park, where the home
team Springboks captured the 1995 Rugby World Cup and sent a country into
delirium(极度兴奋,发狂).
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