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Today in history:November 6

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:19:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  November 6
          Campaigning by both sides was vigorous
          1999: Australia rejects republic
          England have
          Australians have rejected a proposal to break ties with the British
monarchy and become a republic.
          In the landmark referendum to decide whether Australia would replace Queen
Elizabeth with a president, the "no" votes led 54.87% to 45.13% in the final
count.
          All six states voted against the proposal, Victoria by the narrowest margin
of 50.16% to 49.84%.
          Any change needed the backing of an overall majority of the country"s 12
million voters as well as a majority of the states.
          The result was greeted by wild cheering at a monarchist campaign rally in
Sydney"s Darling Harbour, where 200 people popped champagne corks in
celebration.
          Prime Minister John Howard said the Australian people had clearly rejected
the republic proposal.
          "The government will now turn its attentions to those things which directly
affect the lives of Australians," he said.
          But opposition leader Kim Beazley promised to keep the republic issue
alive.
          "The referendum was quite clearly lost because of the way it was set up,
setting up one form of republic against the other," he said.
          "Nothing will ever kill off the republican movement. Nothing will kill it
until it succeeds."
          Under the republican proposal, a president would have been elected by
members of both houses of parliament, and not in a direct election.
          A widespread distrust of politicians - as much as strong pro-monarchist
sentiment - was seen as fuelling the rejection of a republic.
          The next major task will be to clear the canal of sunken ships
          1956: Allied forces take control of Suez
          Artificially 1969:
          The British and French troops have seized control of two major ports in
Egypt"s Canal Zone and declared a ceasefire.
          This evening, an official statement said Port Said was in allied hands and
the town had suffered little damage.
          There was a sense of relief at the United Nations headquarters in New York
as the Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold announced the allies had accepted the
terms of the UN ceasefire and had ordered troops to stop fighting.
          The Israelis have also announced a ceasefire in the Sinai.
          At dawn today, French commandos sent over from Cyprus landed at Port Fuad
and advanced south along the banks of the Suez Canal.
          Yesterday, three British Royal Marine Commandos, were brought into Port
Said by naval helicopter.
          They captured Gamil airfield after what Sir Charles Keightley, the allied
commander-in-chief described as "some very tough fighting" with Egyptian troops
armed with guns, mortars and tanks.
          Allied casualties are reported to be light with 30 members of the 16th
Parachute Brigade injured. Some 70 Egyptians soldiers have been killed.
          Last week, the Soviet leader Nikolai Bulganin proposed sending his troops
to the Middle East to restore peace to the region.
          The suggestion was rejected in a statement issued by the White House as
"unthinkable" and "an obvious attempt to divert world attention from the
Hungarian tragedy".
          The next major task for the allies is to restore order to the two ports and
to clear the entrance to Suez Canal currently blocked by ships sunk by the
Egyptians.
          The canal was nationalised on 26 July by President Abdel Nasser after the
US turned down a previous offer to fund a new dam at Aswan.
          The move outraged the canal"s Anglo-French owners as well as the British
Prime Minister, Anthony Eden, who has compared President Nasser to Adolf
Hitler.
          The present military action began on 29 October, when Israel invaded the
Sinai.
          British and French planes entered the fray two days later after President
Nasser refused their offer of creating a buffer zone between Israel and
Egypt.
          They began by destroying most of the Egyptian air force on the ground.
          Vocabulary:
          referendum : a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular
vote by the electorate(公民投票)
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