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Today in history:October 16

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:18:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  October 16
          Pope John Paul II is the youngest this century at 58 years old
          1978: Polish bishop is new Pope
          England have
          Cardinals at the Vatican have chosen the first non-Italian Pope for more
than 400 years.
          Catholics around the world have been astonished by the choice of Cardinal
Karol Wojtyla, the Archbishop of Krakow.
          Few people had suggested him as a possible successor to John Paul I, who
died last month after just 33 days in office. He is barely known outside his
native Poland.
          After two days and eight votes, the result of the final, conclusive vote
giving a two-thirds majority plus one to the Polish bishop was signalled with a
plume of white smoke above the roof of the Sistine Chapel, in accordance with
ancient tradition.
          The new Pope, who will be known as John Paul II, is also the youngest this
century, at 58 years old.
          In the early evening, the new Pope appeared before the crowd of about
200,000 who had gathered in St Peter"s Square.
          He stepped on to the central balcony of St Peter"s to a rapturous ovation
from the crowd, and gave his first blessing as Pope.
          Then, in a speech that was at times emotional, he told how he had been
afraid to accept the nomination, but had done so in obedience to Christ.
          Speaking in fluent Italian, he put paid to fears that a non-Italian would
not be able to communicate effectively, saying, "in speaking your - our -
language, if I make mistakes, then correct me."
          The crowd roared its approval, and the Pope smiled in response, with a hint
of the informality that characterised the style of his predecessor, John Paul
I.
          The appointment brought an ecstatic response from Poland, where as Bishop
of Krakow Karol Wojtyla took an uncompromising stand against the Communist
regime.
          There has been no official response from the government in Warsaw.
          More than 80% of Poland"s 35 million people are practising Catholics,
maintaining their faith in the face of strong opposition and sometimes brutal
suppression from the Communist authorities.
          The new Pope warned as recently as last year that the Church was facing the
threat of "programmed atheisation" in eastern Europe.
          It is thought likely that the fight for freedom of religion in the
Communist bloc will be a major theme of his papacy .
          The ban on handguns follows the Dunblane massacre
          1996: Handguns to be banned in the UK
          Artificially 1969: FilmTheTheAA The British Government has announced plans
to outlaw almost all handguns following the shocking massacre at Dunblane in
Scotland.
          On 13 March Thomas Hamilton walked into the gym at Dunblane primary school
and killed 16 young children and their teacher. He also injured 13 other
children and three teachers. Hamilton, a former scout master, then shot
himself.
          Today"s announcement follows publication of Lord Cullen"s inquiry into the
massacre which concluded Hamilton"s horrific attack could not have been
predicted.
          But it made 23 recommendations to tighten rules on gun ownership and
monitor those who work with children.
          The proposal to ban all handguns - except .22-caliber target pistols -
would leave Britain with some of the toughest laws on private possession of
guns.
          Home Secretary Michael Howard told a packed House of Commons he would make
sure the measures were passed as quickly as possible through parliament.
          But the move has angered both those for and against private gun
ownership.
          The Snowdrop Campaign, set up by victims" families after Dunblane, wants to
see a total ban on handguns and called the plan an "unacceptable
compromise".
          The opposition Labour Party welcomed the report and the government"s swift
reaction to it but urged ministers to bring about a complete ban.
          Shadow Home Secretary Jack Straw said politicians should have acted in a
similar vein nine years ago after the Hungerford massacre.
          Former Tory cabinet minister David Mellor also felt the proposals did not
go far enough.
          He asked: "Isn"t it time to conclude that, literally and metaphorically,
the game is up for handguns now?"
          But gun club owners warned thousands of jobs would be in jeopardy if the
proposal became law.
          Speaking to the Daily Mirror newspaper, Ross Armstrong, owner of Medway
Shooting Club in Kent said: "People are killed by drunk drivers but no-one
demands a ban on cars. Further restrictions suit no-one."
          Vocabulary:
          rapturous : feeling great rapture or delight(兴高采烈的)
          papacy: the office and dignity of the pope, or pontiff, of Rome(教皇在位期间)
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