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IELTS写作句型之开篇句

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:18:14 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  1) With the rapid improvement in.../growing awareness of..., more and
more.../sth....
          (e.g. With the considerable improvement in building industry, more and more
structures are being erected to set the people"s minds at ease.)
          2) Recently, sth./the problem of...has been brought to popular attention/
has become the focus of public concern.
          (e.g. Recently, the problem of unemployment has been brought to such
popular attention that governments at all levels place it on the agenda as the
first matter.)
          3) One of the universal issues we are faced with/that cause increasing
concern is that...
          (e.g. One of the universal issues that draw (cause) growing concern is
whether it is wise of man to have invented the automobile.)
          4) In the past few years, there has been a boom/sharp growth/decline in..
.
          (e.g. In the past ten years, there has been a sharp decline in the number
of species.) 5)
          5) Nowadays, more/most important/dangerous for our society is...
          (e.g. Nowadays, most dangerous for our society is the tendency to take
advantage of each other in political circles.)
          6) According to the information given in the table/graph, we can find
that...
          7) As can be seen from the table/graph/figure, there is a marked increase
/decline/favorable (an unfavorable) change in...
          8) As we can see from the table/graph/figure above, drastic/considerable/
great changes have taken place in...over the period of time from...(年份)to...(
年份)
          9) The table/graph shows that there is a(n) declining/increasing trend of
...from...(年份) to...(年份)
          10) Anyone who takes a closer look at the data in the table/graph can be
surprised to find that...
          11) It is a traditional practice to...in our society. (e.g. It is a
traditional practice for young people to be financially dependent on their
parents for anything like marriage and housing.)
          12) It has long been considered only right and proper to...(in China.)
(e.g. It has long been considered only right and proper/perfectly justified for
the old to assume full responsibility for the growth of the young.)
          13) As things usually go against sb."s will, his original intention was
to...
          (e.g. As things usually go against man"s will, his original intention was
to change the way people lived by inventing the internal combustion engine.
Indeed, its birth has greatly enhanced their enjoyment of life, especially in
traveling and transporting. But its dark side is presenting a growing worry to
our society.)
          14) The current situation of..., if approached from the opposite angle,
reveals that...
          (e.g. The current situation of our reforms is political structure, if
approached from the opposite angle, reveals that much of the achievement is far
from satisfactory. For example,...But...)
          15) Everything about...seems (not) to be getting on smoothly/just as one
wishes in...
          (e.g. Everything about the economic reform seems to be getting on just as
our government wishes in China.)
          16) To sb."s mind/In sb."s eye(s), sth. seems/means... (e.g. In the eyes of
the public, official corruption means taking bribes,. ..But such corruption
comes in many different forms.)
          17) No one would deny that... 或:Everyone would agree that...
          (e.g. 见例2)
          18) When it comes to...(sth.), most people (the public)
maintain(s)/contend(s) that...
          (e.g. When it comes to fake commodities, every consumer has much anger to
pour upon them.)
          19) Now it is widely believed that...
          (e.g. Now it is widely believed that examinations are the best possible
measure for the selection of the qualified.)
          20) A public debate has arisen as to/over/concerning...
          (e.g. A public debate has arisen as to whether one should step forward
bravely in the event of crime.)
          21) All that sth. has done for our society seems like a big step forward in
the right/wrong direction, but it has also brought along with it a great worry
/benefit to...(the average people.)
          (sth.: cloning, the reform in managerial structures, etc.)
          22) The birth/invention of...has made an enormous/essential difference to
...But it does not mean that...
          (e.g. The birth of the computer has made a radical difference to the human
progress. But it does not mean that this wonder does no threat to our
society.)
          23) Sth. has changed the way our society develops....But its bright side
should not keep us from following closely its dark side.
          (sth.: the genetic engineering, etc.)
          24) Things about...are going on to our advantage, but a long cool look at
...reveals that...
          (e.g. Things about the reform in state enterprises are not going on to the
most workers" advantage....But a long cool look at this move reveals that it
will produce some substantial benefits to our nation in a long run.)
          25) No/Little doubt that...But...
          (e.g.[There is] Little doubt that the traditional schooling has contributed
much to our social development....But some grave defects in it begin to stand
out against the modern times.)
          26) What does sth. mean?
          27) How/Why does sth. affect our life?
          28) What is it like to do...? (e.g. What is it like to have lost all
confidence in oneself?)
          29) What would our society be like if there were no...? (e.g. What would
our society be like if there were no public morals?)
          30) Should we put sth. above sth. else?
          或:Should we attach as much weight to A as to B?
          (e.g. Should we put intellectual development above moral education?)
          31) Sth. is often referred to as/defined as... (e.g. Corrupt officials are
often referred to as the most dangerous borers in our government bodies, who are
nibbling away the healthy organism of our party by dishonest means.)
          32) (Doing) Sth. is just the same as.../is compared to.../is likened to..
./is like...
          (e.g. Life in the middle of marriage is often compared to wire walking, for
in the early years spouses attract each other and in late years they need each
other.)
          33) Sth. is to...what sth. else is to...
          (e.g. An individual human existence is to the human society what a river is
to the ocean, small and busy rushing past rocks at first, but gradually growing
wider and quieter until it becomes merged in the ocean in the end.)
          34) To/For/With most people/sb., sth. is/means...
          (e.g. To dishonest people, a friend means a target or an object that is of
some use to them at present or in the future.)
          35) Sth. is the symbol/mark/equivalent of.../is symbolic of.../is
equivalent to...
          (e.g. If selling one"s sex is the mark of degeneration, selling one"s power
is equivalent to committing crime.)
          36) Suppose/Imagine that.../Let"s suppose/assume/imagine (that)... (e.g.
Suppose, by any chance, you heartily disagree with anything that is going on
about you, you are less likely to stay on the good side of people around
you.)
          37) We often find ourselves caught/involved in a dilemma whether...
          (e.g. We often find ourselves caught in a dilemma whether we should reach
for the bear"s paw or for the shark"s fin/whether to reach for...)
          38) If/In case/In the event that..., it is better to.../a better course is
to.../sb. has no choice/option/alternative but to.../all we want to know is ho
w...
          (e.g. In the event that you fall in a love river, all we want to know is
how you will swim in it, as you are no longer a fisherman.)
          39) Unfortunately, sth. may affect sb."s life to the point where...
          (e.g. Unfortunately, the desire to be well thought of affects one"s life to
the point where he is reluctant to say no to anyone else regarding
anything.)
          40)In our life, there often appears such an occasion when.../on which...
(或it often happens that...)
          (e.g. In our daily life, there appears such an occasion when we drink
success to our work in one field but, at the same time, begin to do great damage
to other fields.)
          41) “...” That is how one of the great minds/scientists/writers remarked
on...
          (e.g. “Happiness, like an old friend, is inclined to drop in unexpectedly—
when you"re working hard on something else.” That is how a famous writer once
remarked on happiness.)
          42) One of the great sociologists/psychologists has said:“...”
          (e.g. The great classical ballerina Anna Pavlova has said: “No one can
arrive from being talented alone. God gives talent; work transforms talent into
genius.” In other words ...)
          43) “...” Such is the accurate exposition/exposure of...frequently over
heard in public.
          (e.g. “Public morals are declining day by day.” Such is the correct
exposure of the dark side of our society.)
          44) How often nowadays we hear such remarks/complaints/words as this “...”
or “...”!
          (e.g. How often nowadays we hear such complaints from officials as this “I
have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I have too many social
engagements to carry out” or “I have to bear too many titles for our society”!
Don"t be misled by the complaints of this kind!)
          45) One of the great men once said that...
          (e.g. A gifted American psychologist once said that it is an illusion to
believe in the Sunday-school truth—more comfort, more happiness.)
          46) Once in a newspaper/magazine, I hit upon the report that... (e.g. Once
in a newspaper, I hit upon the news that a quick witted policeman spotted a
suspect"s spittle in the street blotted it up and ran a DNA test on it which led
to the man"s arrest for a murder. This case best counts as a practical
application of the DNA technique.)
          47) One day, I happened to witness the incident as follows:...
          (e.g. 略) 3) According to the recent survey/poll/questionaire/statistics,
there is/a re...percent of...
          (e.g. According to a recent survey made in a certain university, there are
43.8 percent of male students and 38.3 percent of female students either facing
problems with nutrition or having to miss classes because of illness each
term.)
          48) The scientific studies/statistics show/indicate that...
          (e.g. The latest scientific studies show that, if one"s mind catches hold
of something and does not let it go, it is useless to argue with the mind in
this condition. This finding further confirms that a modern man is apt to get
anxious and depressed.)
          49) Every weekend sees sb. go about...
          (e.g. Every weekend sees Ms Song, my roommate, wolf down her dinner and
hurry out with her boy friend.)
          1随着…的飞速发展/越来越多的关注,越来越…
          例:随着建筑业的大力推进,人们对建立越来越多的房屋建筑感到宽心。
          2 近来,某事/某问题引起了人们的普遍关注/成了公众关注的焦点。
          例:近来失业问题引起了人们的普遍关注,各级政府已把它列为首要议程。
          3 我们面临的一个普遍问题是… /一个越来越引人关注的普遍问题是…
          例:一个越来越引人关注的普遍问题是,发明汽车是否为人
          4 在过去的几年里,…经历了突飞猛进/迅猛增长/下降。
          例:在过去的几年里,物种数量骤然下降。
          5 如今对我们社会更(最)为重要的(危险的)事情是…
          例:对我们社会最为危险的事情是政界倾向于互相利用。
          6 根据图表资料,我们可以发现…
          7 根据图表(数字)显示,…明显增长(下降)/发生了有利(不利)变化。
          8 据上面图表(数字)所示,从某年到某年某方面发生了剧烈的(相当大的;巨大的)变化。
          9 图表显示,从某年到某年某方面有下降(增长)的趋势。
          10任何人只要仔细看一看图表中的资料就会惊讶地发现…
          11 在我们的社会里…是一个传统的做法。
          例:象婚姻和住房这些方面,年轻人在经济上依赖于他们的父母,是属于传统的做法。
          12 (在中国)…长期以来被视为是理所应该的。
          例:上一代为下一代的成长承担完全的责任,长期以来被视为是理所应该的(完全合理的)
          13 往往事与愿违,他本来的目的是要…
          例:往往事与愿违,他本来的目的是要通过发明内燃发动机来改变人们的生活方式。这种内燃机的诞生确实大大地方便了人们的生活,尤其是旅行和运输。但其不利的一面却给我们社会带来了越来越多的忧虑。
          14 如果从对立的角度来看, …的当前形势显示…
          例:如果从对立的角度来看,政治体制改革的当前形势显示,其成就远不如人意。例如…, 但是…
          15 关于…似乎一切进展顺利(正如某人的意愿发展)。
          例:中国经济改革的形势似乎正朝着政府所期望的方向发展。
          16 在某人看来,某事似乎(意味着)…
          例:在公众的眼里,官员腐败意味着收受贿赂,…但腐败却以许多不同的形式出现。
          17 没有人会否认…
          或:…,这一点毫无异议。
          18 说到…,大多数人(公众)坚持认为(争辩说)…
          例:说到假货,每一个消费者对他们都有一通怒气要发泄。
          19 现在人们普遍认为…
          例:现在人们普遍认为,各种考试是选拔合格人才的最佳手段。
          20 关于…公众就此展开了一场辩论。
          例:当有人犯罪时,一个人是否应当勇敢地站出来制止,公众就此展开了一场讨论。
          21 某事物(如克隆、经营管理机构改革等)对于我们的社会似乎在正确(错误)的方向走出了一大步,但同时也给普通大众带来了极大的忧虑(好处)。
          22 …的诞生(发明)对…产生了巨大的(重要的)影响,但这并不意味着…
          例:计算机的诞生对人类进步产生了极其重大的影响,但这并不意味着这一创举不会威胁到我们的社会。
          23 事物(如生物工程等)改变了我们社会发展的道路…但其好的一面不应使我们同时受其坏的一面的影响。
          24 …正朝着对我们有利的方向发展
          例:国企改革有悖于大多数工人的利益…但如果认真冷静地来看待这一举措,从长远来看,它将给国家带来一些巨大的好处。 
          25 毫无疑问…但是…
          例:毫无疑问,传统教育为我们的社会发展作出了很大的贡献…但传统教育的一些严重缺陷与我们的时代相抵触。
          26 这(某事物)意味着什么呢?
          27 某事物是如何影响我们的生活的呢(为什么会影响我们的生活呢)?
          28 ……是怎样(一种情况)呢?
          例:一个人完全失去自信是怎样一种情况呢?
          29 如果没有……,那我们的社会会怎样呢?
          例:如果没有公共道德,那我们的社会会怎样呢?
          30 我们是否可以将A置于B之上呢?或:我们是否可以对A和B同等重视呢?
          例:我们是否可以将增长知识置于道德教育之上呢?
          31 某事物常常被视为/定义为……;人们常常将某事物视为/定义为……。
          例:腐败官僚常常被视为我们政府机构中最危险的蛀虫,他们行为不轨,蚕噬着我们党的健康肌体。
          32 (做)某事物就如同……/可以比作……/类似于……/就像……。
          例:婚姻生活常被比作走钢丝绳,最初几年里夫妻相互吸引,而往后的岁月里他们则相互需要对方。
          33 某事物之于……就像另一事物之于……
          例:个体自然人的存在之于人类社会就如同河流之于海洋,起初细流跳涌,穿砂过石,然后渐渐变得宽阔而深沉,直到最后汇入大海。
          34 对大部分人/某人来说,某事物就是/意味着……
          例:对心怀叵测的人来说,朋友就是一个靶子或者一个目标,在当前或未来有利可图。
          35 某事物是……的象征/标志/对等物//相当(等同)于……/象征着……
          例:如果说出卖肉体是堕落的标志的话,出卖手中的权力就等同于犯罪。
          36 假设/试想……;我们假设/假定/试想……
          例:假设,不管怎样,你自己内心都不认同自己,你就更不可能取得周围人的好感。
          37 我们常常不知不觉地陷入了一种窘境:是……还是……呢。
          例:我们常常不知不觉就陷入了这样一种窘境:我们谋熊掌还是鲨鳍。
          38 如果/万一/在……的情况下,最好……/……更为妥当/某人将只能……,除此以外别无选择/别无他途。/我们只想知道怎样……
          例:万一你坠入爱河,我们只想知道你会怎样在里面游走,因为你已经不再是渔夫了。
          39 不幸的是,某事物对人们生活的影响可能达到……的地步。
          例:不幸的是,赢得人们好感的愿望对人的生活的影响可能达到他对任何人任何事都不情愿
          拒绝的地步。
          40 在我们生活中常常出现这样一种情况/这样一幕,就是当……/那就是……(或:…… 的现象屡见不鲜)
          例:在我们日常生活中,往往会出现这样一种情况,就是当我们陶醉于我们工作中某一领域的成功时,同时也开始给其他领域的工作带来损害。
          41 “……”这就是伟大的思想家/科学家/作家之一对此的评论。
          例:“幸福,就像一位老朋友,总是突如其来,出乎意料——而你当时正忙碌于另一事情。”这就是一位著名的作家曾经关于幸福的一番评论。
          42 一位伟大的社会学家/心理学家曾经说过:“……”
          例:伟大的女芭蕾舞演员安娜·巴甫洛娃曾经说过:“天生禀赋并非某一个人的专利。上帝赐予人们天赋,汗水化天赋为天才。”换句话说,……
          43 “……”这就是对公众中众说纷纭的……的深刻揭露。
          例:“公共道德日渐堕落。”这就是对我们社会阴暗面的准确揭露。
          44 当今,这样的言论/抱怨/话不绝于耳:“……”或者“……”!
          例:当今,从官僚层传来这样的怨言不绝于耳:“我要实施的社会事业太多了”或者“社会
          各种名号太多,而我们不得不背负起来”!千万不要被诸如此类的怨言所误导!
          45 一位伟人曾经说过,……
          例:美国一位天才的心理学家曾经说过,相信教会假日学校之真理——多一点慰藉,多一点快乐——乃是一种幻觉。
          46 我曾在一份报纸/一本杂志上偶尔看到这样一篇报道:
          例:我曾在一份报纸上偶尔看到这样一则新闻:一个智谋过人的警察在大街上看见一个嫌疑犯的一团唾沫后将唾沫收集起来,并对它进行DNA测试,最后推断出凶手并将之逮捕。这一案例可以作为阐述DNA技术实际应用的最好的实例。
          47 一天,我碰巧亲眼看见这一事件,过程如下……3 根据最近的调查/投票/问卷调查/统计来看,有百分之……
          例:最近在某大学所做的一个调查显示,有43.8%的男生和38.3%的女生面临营养问题或者每期都因病缺课。
          48 科学研究/科学的统计数字显示/表明……
          例:最近的科学研究显示,如果人的思想突然把握到某一事物并抓住不放,在这种情况下就算是同它争辩也是徒劳。这一发现进一步证实现代人容易变得焦躁、情绪低落。
          49 某人每个周末都/总是……
          例:每个周末,与我同住一室的宋小姐总是狼吞虎咽地吃完晚饭,然后急匆匆地同男朋友出去了。
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