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英语实用写作之考研小作文

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:18:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  1、 常用与开头的短语、句式
          (1) with the (rapidly)growing popularity of (computers/private cars) in
China,the quality of our lives has been considerably changed。
          (2) With the (rapid)growth of (our economy/population),many problems such
as (water shortages/waste of energy/lack of professionals and chaotic
management)are beginng to surface
          (3) With the development of (science and technology/market economy),more
and more/an increasing number of people come to realize that …
          (4) Currently there is a widespread/serious concern over (illegal
publication/drug abuse/negative influence of western cultures).
          (5) Nowadays ,a heated debated/discussion about…is under way in China .some
people believe that …,whereas others argue that…
          (6) There are some reasons for owning (private cars/ personal computers).To
begin with,…Next,…Last,…There are,on the oher hand,many reasons against
it,First,…Second,…Finally,…
          (7) There are many advantanges and disadvantages in(owning a car).
          (8) There are various /at least three ways/possible
techniques/problems/methods to do something
          (9) Smoking/Alcoholic beverage should be banned from college campuses for
toe reasons.The first reason is that …The second reason is that …/On the one
hand ,… On the other hand,…
          (10) The possible solutions of (the enery crisis/water shortanges/these
social problems)depend on three factors…
          (11) The tow major reasons responsible for(the rapid economic growth /the
widespread of fake products )are…
          2.常用于结尾的短语、句式
          (1) It is hoped that we should place much emphasis on/pay more attention to
……
          (2) To conclude,we can see that (the best way/the possible
solution)is……
          (3) In short,(shortages of water,decrease of fertile fields and
environmental pollution)are the major problems to be solved to(increase rain
production)。
          (4) In order to make our world a better palce in which to live we should
make great efforts to……
          (5) In a word ,there are three suggestions we must follow ,only in this way
can we(achieve a great success)。
          (6) It is time for us to take an actie part in……
          (7) Let us work hand in hand in hand to(solve these social problems)
          3.陈述或论证观点、看法(view,point,opinion)、原因(reason、cause)、方法、手段、措施、步骤……
(method,means,measures,step…)、因素(factor)、利弊、优缺点(advantage,disadvantage)时常用的词语、句式:
          (1)引述段落提出问题时常用的句式、词语:
          …的原因有许多。There are many reasons why…
          …的原因如下;The reasons why …are as follows
          我的看法是…My opinon is that
          (2)展开段落论证时常用的句式、词语:
          ①、第一层次(首先)First,Firstly,In the first place,First of all ,To begin with,For
one thing。
          我的第一理由是…My first reason is that…
          主要因素是…The main factor is that …
          ②第二层次(其次)Second ,Secondly,In the Second plce,Next,Then,For another,
          另一种方法是…Another means of …is to do。。
          第二种解决方法是…the second solution is that…
          ③第三层次(第三点)Third,athirdly,besides,in adition,furthermore,what is more
important
          (3)总结性段落常用句式、词语:
          最后一点 last,lastly,finally,in the last place ,last of all,in short,in
brief
          简言之 in a word ,in summary,tosum up
          总之, in conclusion,on the whole,altogether,in all
          因此, so,thus,hence,therefor。Consequently,for thee reasons
          结果, in consequence,as a result
          由此可见… it will be seen from it that
          如上所述,我们可以得出结论……as has been said above,we can conclude/make a
conclusion/draw a conclusion/reach a conclusion come to aconclusion that……
          (4)将事物的正反、好坏两方面,或者将两种不同事物进行比较,对比时常用的句式、短语:
          然而 while ,whereas,but,however,nevertheless
          尽管如此 in spite of that,despite all this
          但在另一方面 but on the other hand
          与……相比 in/by in comparison with……/as compare with……
          对比之下 by/in contrast
          与……相反 as opposed to……/instead of……
          相反 on the contrary,instead
          他们的区别如下 The differences sre as follows;the differences can be described as
follows
          A与B之间的不同在于……the differences between A and B is /lies in/exests in/consists
in……;A is different from B in……
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