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结合历年真题 看专四词汇怎么考(3)

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发表于 2016-7-9 22:40:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  concentrate v.全神贯注,精神集中,专心致志;集中,集合;浓缩
  We should concentrate all our efforts on improving education.我们应该集中精力努力改进教育工作。
  Troops are concentrating south of the river.军队正向河的南边集结。
  n.浓缩液
  【用法】concentrate(sth.)on sth./doing sth.
  【全真考题】Anne couldn't concentrate _____ what she was doing while her family were watching TV.(93.1)
  A.to B.on C.for D.in
  【答案】B
  continual adj.继续不断的;一再重复的
  continual rain 不停的雨
  【辨析】continual与continuous
  continual一般指多次重复的动作:Please stop your continual questions.
  continuous表示动作或物体继续不停地或不间断地进行下去:a continuous flow of traffic
  【全真考题】Our journey was slow because the train stopped _____ at different villages.(99.1)
  A.unceasingly B.gradually
  C.continuously D.continually
  【答案】D
  contrary adj.(在性质、倾向或方向等方面)相反的;好与人作对的
  contrary beliefs 截然相反的信仰
  He is an awkward,contrary child.他是个又麻烦又不听话的孩子。
  n.反面
  【用法】contrary to 违反:be contrary to the law;on the contrary 与此相反:It doesn't seem ugly to me;on the contrary,I think it's rather beautiful.
  【全真考题】What you have done is _____ the doctor's orders.(90.1)
  A.attached to B.responsible to
  C.resistant to D.contrary to
  【答案】D
  contribute v.捐款,捐助;有助于;投稿
  We contributed clothing to the relief of the poor.我们捐赠衣物救济贫民。
  Hard work contributed to his success.努力工作使他成功。
  He contributed poems to the magazine.他投诗稿给杂志。
  【用法】contribute与介词to搭配:contribute(sth.) to
  【全真考题】Medical research has shown that the widespread use of cigarettes contributes _____ the increase of cancers.(94.1)
  A.towards B.for C.with D.to
  【答案】D
  critical adj.吹毛求疵的,批评的;决定性的,重要的
  He is so critical that nobody can please him.他太吹毛求疵,所以没有人能取悦他。
  We arrived at the critical moment.我们在关键时刻到达。
  【用法】critical作吹毛求疵的、批评的讲时与介词 of搭配。
  【全真考题】The director was critical _____ the way we were doing the work.(2000.1)
  A.at B.in C.of D.with
  【答案】C
  《大学英语教学大纲》中,关于四级词汇的要求是:“领会式掌握4200单词(其中复用式掌握的单词为 2500)以及由这些词构成的常用词组1600条(中学所掌握的单词和词组均包括在内),并具有按照基本构词法识别生词的能力。”大纲中所指的领会式强调对词义的认知,而复用式则强调对这类词的词义辨析、用法以及搭配关系的掌握。因此,以大纲为指导,四级考试中词汇的内容,除了考察对单词的认知外,还测试词义的细微区别、词汇用法和搭配关系。目前考察领会式词汇为73.9%占大部分,复用式占26.1%。在此篇和上期所列重点词汇的四级考题中,bare,concentrate,contribute,continual,critical都以复用式词汇方式来考察。其中,bare和continual考察词义的辨析;concentrate, contribute和critical考察了词的搭配关系。当然,四级试题中词汇的领会与复用也不都是界限分明的,有时在一道题中会既考察认知又考察用法等。
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