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英语词汇指导:another,(the)other(s),else;the rest用法区别

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发表于 2016-7-9 22:31:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  用法一 another或“another+单数可数名词”泛指“另一个,有一个,再一个”,其复数形式是others或“other+复数名词”泛指“别人或别的物”,有some…others(一些……另一些……)之搭配。如:
          1. —What do you think of the cake?
          —It's nice. I'd like to have ________.
          A. some other B. another
          C. others D. other
          【分析】答案选B。another指再来一块或增再加一块。
          2. Young people may grow quickly in some ways and more slowly in ________.
          A. the other B. some other
          C. others D. these others
          【分析】答案选C。some…others…一些……另一些……。the other指两者中的“另一个”;some other后必须接名词。
          3. Some people like to stay at home on Sunday but ________ like to go to the cinema.
          A. another B. other
          C. others D. other one
          【分析】答案选C。some…others…是固定搭配。再说,根据like可知,主语为复数,也只用这个答案。
          用法二 the other(+单数可数名词)特指两者中的另一个,常有one…the other(一个……另一个……)的搭配;其复数形式the others或“the other +复数名词”特指在某些人或物中,除去一部分后,“其余的”“剩下的”人或物。如:
          I have two brothers. One is a teacher and the other is a worker. 我有两个兄弟。一个是教师,另一个是工人。
          I have four pens. One is red; the others (或the other three) are black. 我有三支钢笔,一支是红色的,另两支是黑色的。
          用法三 another还可用于“another+基数词或few+复数名词”中,与“数词或some+more / other +复数名词”相当。如:
          1. Shanghai is a fascinating city and we've decided to stay for ________ two weeks.
          A. another B. other
          C. the other D. other's
          【分析】答案选A。another two weeks = two other / more weeks = a further two weeks。
          2. If you want to change for a double room you'll have to pay ________ $15.
          A. another B. other
          C. more D. each
          【分析】答案选A。another $15就是another 15 dollars。
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