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GRE词汇这样背事半功倍

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发表于 2016-7-9 22:30:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
1) 动&静:
motion/disturbance/perturbation/turbulence/action/agitation/din/ferment/fracas/havoc/pandemonium/turmoil/upheaval——equanimity/hush/quiet/quiescence/serenity/silence/tranquil/tranquility/pacific
2) 合&分:
diverge/detach/disperse/dissipate/isolate/separate/break/scatter/breach/rend/sunder——accumulate/aggregate/agglomerate/amalgamate/collect/coalesece/concatenate/compound/gather/group/nucleate/unify/unite/solder/nexus
3) 多&少:
profuse/abundant/affluent/copious/plenty/prodigal/rife/plethora/slew——scant/scanty/limited/penurious/sparse/dearth/iota/paucity/pinch
4) 批评、指责、谴责、辱骂、斥责&称赞、歌颂:
(轻)admonish/chide/criticize/reproach/reproof/reprove/flak;
(重)berate/castigate/censure/chastise/condemn/denounce/diatribe/excoriate/fulminate/ impeach/impugn/invective/inveigh/lambaste/rail/rebuke/reprehend/reprimand/reprobate/ revile/scold/upbraid/vituperate/pan——acclaim/applaud/commend/eulogize/exalt/ extol/glorify/laud/rave/tout/accolade/encomium/approbation/orchid/plaudit/tribute; (诽谤)slander/calumniate/libel/defame
5) 顺从&顽固:
amenble/amiable/complaisant/compliant/docile/obedient/responsive/submissive/tolerant/ tractable/alacrity——incorrigible/bigoted/contumacious/headstrong/hidebound/indocile/intractable/intransigent/obdurate/obstinate/rebellious/recalcitrant/refractory/stubborn/ tenacious
6) 肯定&否定:
affirm/assert/attest/aver/avow/posit/proclaim——deny/disclaim/gainsay/negate/repudiate(包含证据)corroborate/prove/substantiate/verify——disprove/refute/controvert
7) 忧郁&快乐:
morose/saturnine/downcast/crestfallen/dispririted/gloomy/melancholy/doleful/ despondent/lugubrious——cheerful/ecstatic/exhilarating/facetious/jocund/jaunty/sanguine
8) 促进&抑制:
abet/aid/assist/catalyze/encourage/facilitate/foment/foster/goad/ignite/impel/incite/ incubate/instigate/permit/precipitate/prod/provoke/promote/rouse/spur/stimulate/trigger/ vitalize——arrest/ban/check/curb/extinguish/forbid/forestall/frustrate/hamper/hinder/ impede/inhibit/obstruct/quell/rein/repress/restrain/scotch/squelch/stymie/subdue/stifle/ thwart
9) 清晰&模糊:
clear/limpid/lucid/pellucid/translucent/transparent/clarity——murky/opaque/obscure/ turbid/vague/obfuscate
10) 扩大&缩小:
aggrandize/amplify/broaden/dilate/distend/expand/inflate/swell——constrict/contract/ condense/compress/deflate/shrink
11) 健康&不健康:
healthful/hygienic/innocuous/salubrious/salutary/wholesome——debilitating/ deleterious/detrimental/injurious/nocuous/noxious/mischievous/lethal/pernicious/virulent
12) 持续&短暂:
chronic/constant/enduring/gradual/lasting/incessant/perennial/permanent/perpetual/ persistent——evanescent/ephemeral/fleeting/fugacious/fugitive/interim/intermittent/ meteoric/sporadic/transient/transitory
13) 得体&无礼:
amiable/civil/congenial/decent/decorous/deferent/irreproachable/seemly——bawdy/blatant/brazen/effrontery/impertinent/impudent/indecorous/insolent/opprobrious/rude/ scurrilous/scurvy/unseemly/asperity/impropriety
14) 序言&结尾:
beginning/commencement/foreword/greeting/introduction/outset/overture/preface/ prelude/preamble/prologue——conclude/coda/cessation/epilogue/finale/termination/ valediction
15) 大&小:
bull/colossal/elephantine/enormous/gargantuan/gigantic/huge/immense/mammoth/ prodigious/tremendous/titanic——diminutive/microscopic/minuscule/minute/piddling/paltry/slight/trivial/tiny
16) 相关&无关:
apposite/appropriate/apropos/apt/cognate/felicitous/germane/intrinsic/pertinent/related/ relevant——alien/extraneous/extrinsic/foreign/impertinent/irrelevant
17) 脱水&补水:
desiccate/dehydrate/deplete/drain/dry/evaporate/parch/sear——drench/douse/hydrate/ inundate/reconstitute/saturate/souse/steep
18) 真&假:
apocryphal/bogus/deceptive/dissembling/fraudulent/feigned/fictitious/mendacious/ prevaricated/pseudo/spurious——authenticated/candid/genuine/truthful/unfeigned/ valid
19) 平息抚慰&刺激激怒:
allay/alleviate/appease/assuage/conciliate/lull/mitigate/moderate/mollify/pacify/placate/propitiate/reconcile/relieve/soothe——agitate/annoy/antagonize/bother/disturb/grate/ harass/harrow/irk/nag/pester/perturb/pique/rankle
20) 尊敬&嘲笑/亵渎:
deference/veneration/revere/respect/awe——irreverence/contempt/ derision/deride/profane
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