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那些可以动起来的名词 (1)

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发表于 2016-7-9 22:26:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Table, ice, duck, flag...
这些简单的英语单词,它们的名词意义就算对初学英语者来说也一定是小菜一碟,但老外经常把它们当做动词用,它们的动词意义和用法你知道吗?若活用这些名词的动词意义,会使英语文章生动简洁,是英语写作的一大高招。现举例如下:
          1. table:名词,桌子;当动词用,是指开会时延期讨论提案等,也就是暂缓审议。(to postpone discussion of a bill
or suggestion until future time); 例如:
          They tabled the motion at the meeting.
          I made the motion and he seconded it.(我提案,他同意。) (second 这里是动词,意思是赞成;to
second the motion 也就是附议)
          We are tabling this matter until further notice.(我们延期讨论这件事,以后再说。)
          2. pride:名词,荣誉;当动词用,是指感到得意或自豪。(to take pride in something)例如:
          We prided ourselves on our good work. (我们为自己工作的表现而自豪。)
          I have long prided myself on being a good teacher. (我一向以身为一名称职的老师師而自豪。)
          注意:to pride oneself on和 to be proud of 或 to take pride in
意思相近,只是用法和后面所跟的介词不同而已。例如:
          They take great pride in her daughter who is now a famous scientist.
          I am very proud of being a Chinese.
          3. carpet:名词,地毯;当动词用,是覆盖的意思 。(to cover something) 例如:
          The flower girls carpeted the floor with rose petals before the bride's
entrance. (新娘进来前,花童将玫瑰花瓣撒满了地板。)
          During the winter time my roof is carpeted with white snow.
(冬天时我家的屋顶盖满了白雪。)
          4. floor:名词,地板;当动词用,是踩足汽车的油门,加速开车或使人惊讶。 (to press accelerator of a car to
the floor in order to speed up; or to astonish someone) 例如:
          As soon as I saw his gun, I floored my car. (我一见到他有枪,立即踩足油门加速开车。)
          When you see a police car, don't floor it. (当你看到警车时,別开快车。)
          The news really floored me; I hadn't been expecting it at all.
(这个消息真使我吃惊地不知所措,这完全出乎我地意料。)
          5. top:名词,顶端;做动词用,是做得更好,或高过某人。 (to do something better or to be taller than
someone) 例如:
          If he had tried harder, he could have topped his class.
(假如他以前用功些,他会在班里(成绩)名列前茅的。)
          The tax-cut issue will top today's agenda. (减税问题将是今天的主要议题。)
          Mr. Lin tops me by three inches. (林先生比我高三吋)
          6. flag:名词,旗帜;当动词用,是指打旗号或做手势来传达讯息。 (to give signal for communication)
例如:
          When my car broke down, I flagged a police car.
(当我的汽车抛锚的时候,我打了个信号招来一辆警车。)
          The beach life-guards usually flag one another for communication.
(海滨救生员通常用旗号传达讯息。)
          7. bridge:名词,桥梁、桥牌;当动词用,是连接或沟通的意思。(to connect) 例如:
          The parents are trying to bridge the generation gap with their children.
(父母都在设法弥合与儿女的代沟。)
          These tax reforms are attempt to bridge the gap between the rich and poor.
(这些税收改革旨在弥合贫富之间的差距。)
          8. club:名词,俱乐部、高尔夫球棒;当动词用,意思是用棍棒打人。(to beat someone with a stick) 例如:
          The security officer should not club any suspect who does not resist
arrest. (保安人员对任何没有拒捕的嫌犯都不该用棍棒殴打。)
          I saw the police clubbing a suspected robber. (我看到警察用棍棒打了那个抢劫嫌疑犯。)
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