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GRE词汇集锦:动词

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发表于 2016-7-9 22:26:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  aberration :: wandering or staying away; in optics, failure of rays to
focus
          abettor :: encourager
          abeyance :: suspended action
          ablution :: washing
          abnegation :: repudiation; self-sacrifice
          abstinence :: restraint from eating or drinking
          accessory :: additional object: useful but not essential thing
          acclivity :: sharp upslope of a hill
          accolade :: award of merit
          accomplice :: partner in crime
          accord :: agreement
          accretion :: growth: increase
          acerbity :: bitterness of speech and temper
          acme :: top: pinnacle
          acoustics :: science of sound: quality that makes a room easy or hard to
hear in
          acquiescence :: submission; compliance
          acquittal :: deliverance from a charge
          acumen :: mental keenness
          adage :: wise saying: proverb
          addiction :: compulsive, habitual need
          adjunct :: something attached to but holding an inferior position
          adjuration :: solemn urging
          admonition :: warning
          adulation :: flattery: admiration
          adumbration :: foreshadowing: outlining
          advent :: arrival
          adversity :: poverty: misfortune
          aegis :: shield; defense
          aeon :: long period of time; an age
          affidavit :: written statement made under oath
          affiliation :: joining: associating with
          affinity :: kinship
          affirmation :: solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath
          afflatus :: inspiration
          affluence :: abundance: wealth
          affray :: public brawl
          agenda :: items of business at a meeting
          agglomeration :: collection: heap
          agility :: nimbleness
          agitation :: strong feeling; excitement
          agnostic :: one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a
god
          agronomist :: scientist engaged in the management of land
          alacrity :: cheerful promptness
          alchemy :: medieval chemistry
          alias :: an assumed name
          alimony :: payment by a husband to his divorced wife
          allegory :: story in which characters are used as symbols: fable
          alliteration :: repetition of beginning sound in poetry
          alloy :: a mixture as of metals
          allusion :: indirect reference
          altercation :: wordy quarrel
          altruism :: unselfish aid to others; generosity
          amazon :: female warrior
          ambrosia :: food of the gods
          amenities :: agreeable manners; courtesies
          amnesia :: loss of memory
          amnesty :: pardon
          amortization :: act of reducing a debt through partial payments
          amphitheater :: oval building with tiers of seats
          amulet :: charm; talisman
          anachronism :: an error involving time in a story
          analogy :: similarity; parallelism
          anarchy :: absence of governing body; state of disorder
          anathema :: solemn curse
          andirons :: metal supports in a fireplace for cooking utensils or logs
          anemia :: condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles
          anesthetic :: substance that removes sensation with or without loss of
consciousness
          animadversion :: critical remark
          animosity :: active enmity
          animus :: hostile feeling or intent
          annals :: records; history
          annuity :: yearly allowance
          anomaly :: irregularity
          antagonism :: active resistance
          anthropologist :: a student of the history and science of mankind
          anticlimax :: letdown in thought or emotion
          antipathy :: aversion; dislike
          antiseptic :: substance that prevents infection
          antithesis :: contrast; direct opposite of or to
          aperture :: opening; hole
          apex :: tip; summit; climax
          aphasia :: loss of speech due to injury
          aphorism :: pithy maxim
          apiary :: a place where bees are kept
          aplomb :: poise
          apogee :: highest point
          apologue :: moral fable
          apostate :: one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs
          apothecary :: druggist
          apothegm :: pithy, compact saying
          apotheosis :: deification; glorification
          apparition :: ghost; phantom
          appellation :: name; title
          appurtenances :: subordinate possessions
          aptitude :: fitness; talent
          arbiter :: a person with power to decide a dispute; judge
          arcade :: a covered passageway, usually lined with shops
          archaeology :: study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
          archetype :: prototype; primitive pattern
          archipelago :: group of closely located islands
          archives :: public records; place where public records are kept
          ardor :: heat; passion; zeal
          argot :: slang
          arrogance :: haughtiness
          arroyo :: gully
          artifacts :: products of primitive culture
          artifice :: deception; trickery
          artisan :: a manually skilled worker
          asceticism :: doctrine of self-denial
          asperity :: sharpness of temper
          aspersion :: slanderous remark
          aspirant :: seeker after position or status
          aspiration :: noble ambition
          asteroid :: small planet
          astigmatism :: eye defect which prevents proper focus
          atavism :: resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents
          atelier :: workshop; studio
          atrocity :: brutal deed
          atrophy :: wasting away
          attribute :: essential quality
          attrition :: gradual wearing down
          audacity :: boldness
          audit :: examination of accounts
          augury :: omen; prophecy
          aureole :: sun"s corona; halo
          auscultation :: act of listening to the heart or lungs to discover
abnormalities
          austerity :: sternness; severity
          autocrat :: monarch with supreme power
          automaton :: mechanism which imitates actions of humans
          autopsy :: examination of a dead body; postmortem
          avarice :: greediness for wealth
          avatar :: incarnation
          avocation :: secondary or minor occupation
          awe :: solemn wonder
          axiom :: self-evident truth requiring no proof
          bandanna :: large, bright-colored handkerchief
          barb :: sharp projection from fishhook, etc.
          barrage :: barrier laid down by artillery fire
          barrister :: counselor-at-law
          barterer :: trader
          bassoon :: reed instrument of the woodwind family
          bauble :: trinket; trifle
          benediction :: blessing
          benefactor :: gift giver; patron
          beneficiary :: person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance
policy or will
          benignity :: state of being kind, benign, gracious
          benison :: blessing
          bereavement :: state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved
          bete noire :: aversion; person or thing strongly disliked or avoided
          bigotry :: stubborn intolerance
          billingsgate :: vituperation; abusive language
          bivouac :: temporary encampment
          blandishment :: flattery
          bludgeon :: club; heavy-headed weapon
          bouillon :: clear beef soup
          bourgeois :: middle class
          braggadocio :: boasting
          bravado :: swagger; assumed air of defiance
          brazier :: open pan in which live coals are burned
          breach :: breaking of contract or duty; fissure; gap
          breviary :: book containing the daily prayers
          brevity :: conciseness
          brocade :: rich, figured fabric
          brochure :: pamphlet
          brooch :: ornamental clasp
          buffoonery :: clowning
          bugaboo :: bugbear; object of baseless terror
          bullion :: gold and silver in the form of bars
          bulwark :: earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
          bureaucracy :: government by bureaus
          buskin :: thick-soled half boot worn by actors of Greek tragedy
          buttress :: support or prop
          cabal :: small group of persons secretly united to promote their own
interests
          cache :: hiding place
          cacophony :: discord
          cadaver :: corpse
          caliber :: ability; capacity
          calligraphy :: beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
          calumny :: malicious misrepresentation; slander
          cameo :: shell or jewel carved in relief
          canard :: unfounded rumor; exaggerated report
          candor :: frankness
          canker :: any ulcerous sore; any evil
          cant :: jargon of thieves; pious phraseology
          cantata :: story set to music, to be sung by a chorus
          canter :: slow gallop
          canto :: division of a long poem
          caparison :: showy harness or ornamentation for a horse
          caprice :: whim
          caption :: title; chapter heading; text under illustration
          carafe :: glass water bottle; decanter
          carat :: unit of weight for precious stones; measure of fineness of
gold
          caricature :: distortion; burlesque
          carillon :: a set of bells capable of being played
          carmine :: rich red
          carnage :: destruction of life
          carousal :: drunken revel
          carrion :: rotting flesh of a dead body
          carte blanche :: unlimited authority or freedom
          cartographer :: maker of maps or charts
          caryatid :: sculptured column of a female figure
          cascade :: small waterfall
          caste :: one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society
          casualty :: serious or fatal accident
          casuistry :: subtle or sophisticated reasoning resulting in minute
distinctions
          cataclysm :: deluge; upheaval
          catalyst :: agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains
unchanged
          catapult :: slingshot; a hurling machine
          catastrophe :: calamity
          catechism :: book for religious instruction; instruction by question and
answer
          cathartic :: purgative
          caucus :: private meeting of members of a party to select officers or
determine
          cavalcade :: procession; parade
          celerity :: speed; rapidity
          censor :: overseer of morals; person who reads to eliminate inappropriate
remark
          centaur :: mythical figure, half man and half horse
          centurion :: Roman army officer
          cerebration :: thought
          cessation :: stopping
          cession :: yielding to another; ceding
          chagrin :: vexation; disappointment
          chalice :: goblet; consecrated cup
          chameleon :: lizard that changes color in different situations
          charisma :: divine gift; great popular charm or appeal of a political
leader
          charlatan :: quack; pretender to knowledge
          chasm :: abyss
          chassis :: framework and working parts of an automobile
          chattel :: personal property
          chauvinist :: blindly devoted patriot
          chicanery :: trickery
          chiromancy :: art of telling fortunes by reading the hand; palmistry
          chiropodist :: one who treats disorders of the feet
          choreography :: art of dancing
          circlet :: small ring; band
          circumlocution :: indirect or roundabout expression
          citadel :: fortress
          clairvoyant :: fortuneteller
          claustrophobia :: fear of being locked in
          clavicle :: collarbone
          cleft :: split
          clemency :: disposition to be lenient; mildness, as of the weather
          clich?:: phrase dulled in meaning by repetition
          clique :: small exclusive group
          cloister :: monastery or convent
          coadjutor :: assistant; colleague
          cockade :: decoration worn on hat
          codicil :: supplement to the body of a will
          cog :: tooth projecting from a wheel
          cognizance :: knowledge
          cognomen :: family name
          cohesion :: force which keeps parts together
          cohorts :: armed band
          colander :: utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
          collateral :: security given for loan
          collation :: a light meal
          collier :: worker in coal mine; ship carrying coal
          colloquy :: informal discussion
          collusion :: conspiring in a fraudulent scheme
          comestible :: something fit to be eaten
          comity :: courtesy; civility
          compact :: agreement; contract
          compendium :: brief comprehensive summary
          compilation :: listing of statistical information in tabular or book
form
          complement :: that which completes
          complicity :: participation; involvement
          compunction :: remorse
          conception :: beginning; forming of an idea
          conch :: large seashell
          conclave :: private meeting
          concomitant :: that which accompanies
          concordat :: agreement, usually between the papal authority and the
secular
          condiments :: seasonings; spices
          conduit :: aqueduct; passageway for fluids
          conformity :: harmony; agreement
          conglomeration :: mass of material sticking together
          congruence :: correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship
          conifer :: pine tree; cone-bearing tree
          conjecture :: surmise; guess
          connivance :: pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance
          connoisseur :: person competent to act as a judge of art, etc; a lover of
an art
          connotation :: suggested or implied meaning of an expression
          consanguinity :: kinship
          consensus :: general agreement
          constraint :: compulsion; repression of feelings
          context :: writings preceding and following the passage quoted
          continence :: self-restraint; sexual chastity
          contortions :: twistings; distortions
          contraband :: illegal trade; smuggling
          contumely :: scornful insolence; insult
          contusion :: bruise
          conveyance :: vehicle; transfer
          coquette :: flirt
          cordon :: extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or
egress
          cormorant :: greedy, rapacious bird
          cornice :: projecting molding on building usually above columns
          correlation :: mutual relationship
          corsair :: pirate; pirate ship
          cortege :: procession
          coterie :: group that meets socially; select circle
          counterpart :: a thing that completes another; things very much alike
          covenant :: agreement
          credence :: belief
          credo :: creed
          credulity :: belief on slight evidence
          creed :: system of religious or ethical belief
          crescendo :: increase in the volume of sound in a musical passage
          crevice :: crack; fissure
          criterion :: standard used in judging
          crone :: hag
          cruet :: small glass bottle for vinegar, oil, etc.
          crux :: crucial point
          crypt :: secret recess or vault, usually used for burial
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-9 23:06:35 | 显示全部楼层

          cubicle :: small chamber used for sleeping
          cuisine :: style of cooking
          cul-de-sac :: blind alley; trap
          culmination :: attainment of highest point
          culvert :: artificial channel for water
          cupidity :: greed
          curator :: superintendent; manager
          curmudgeon :: churlish, miserly individual
          cynic :: one who is skeptical or distrustful of human motives
          cynosure :: the object of general attention
          dais :: raised platform for guests of honor
          dastard :: coward
          dearth :: scarcity
          debacle :: breaking up; downfall
          debenture :: bond issued to secure a loan
          debutante :: young woman making formal entrance into society
          decadence :: decay
          declivity :: downward slope
          decoy :: lure or bait
          decrepitude :: state of collapse caused by illness or old age
          defamation :: harming a person"s reputation
          default :: failure to do
          defection :: desertion
          deference :: courteous regard for another"s wish
          delineation :: portrayal
          delirium :: mental disorder marked by confusion
          delusion :: false belief; hallucination
          demagogue :: person who appeals to people"s prejudice; false leader of
people
          demeanor :: behavior; bearing
          demesne :: domain; land over which a person has full sovereignty
          demise :: death
          demolition :: destruction
          denizen :: inhabitant of
          denotation :: meaning; distinguishing by name
          denouement :: outcome; final development of the plot of a play
          deposition :: testimony under oath
          depravity :: corruption; wickedness
          depredation :: plundering
          derision :: ridicule
          dermatologist :: one who studies the skin and its diseases
          desideratum :: that which is desired
          despotism :: tyranny
          desuetude :: disused condition
          detergent :: cleansing agent
          detonation :: explosion
          detraction :: slandering; aspersion
          detriment :: harm; damage
          diadem :: crown
          dialectic :: art of debate
          diatribe :: bitter scolding; invective
          dichotomy :: branching into two parts
          dictum :: authoritative and weighty statement
          diffidence :: shyness
          diffusion :: wordiness; spreading in all directions like a gas
          dilapidation :: ruin because of neglect
          dilemma :: problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
          dilettante :: aimless follower of the arts; amateur; dabbler
          diminution :: lessening; reduction in size
          dint :: means; effort
          dipsomaniac :: on who has a strong craving for intoxicating liquor
          disavowal :: denial; disclaiming
          discretion :: prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances
          dishabille :: in a state of undress
          disparity :: difference; condition of inequality
          dispersion :: scattering
          disquisition :: a formal systematic inquiry
          dissection :: analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
          dissertation :: formal essay
          dissonance :: discord
          dissuasion :: advice against
          distortion :: twisting out of shape
          diva :: operatic singer; prima donna
          diversity :: variety; dissimilitude
          divination :: foreseeing the future with aid of magic
          docket :: program as for trial; book where such entries are made
          doggerel :: poor verse
          dolt :: stupid person
          domicile :: home
          dotage :: senility
          dregs :: sediment; worthless residue
          dross :: waste matter; worthless impurities
          drudgery :: menial work
          duenna :: attendant of young female; chaperone
          duplicity :: double-dealing; hypocrisy
          durance :: restraint; imprisonment
          duress :: forcible restraint, especially unlawfully
          eccentricity :: oddity; idiosyncrasy
          eclecticism :: selection of elements from various sets of opinions or
systems
          ecstasy :: rapture; joy; any overpowering emotion
          efficacy :: power to produce desired effect
          effigy :: dummy
          effluvium :: noxious smell
          effrontery :: shameless boldness
          effusion :: pouring forth
          egoism :: excessive interest in one"s self
          egotism :: conceit; vanity
          egress :: exit
          ejaculation :: exclamation
          elation :: a rise in spirits; exaltation
          embezzlement :: stealing
          emendation :: correction of errors; improvement
          emetic :: substance causing vomiting
          emollient :: soothing or softening remedy
          emolument :: salary; compensation
          enclave :: territory enclosed within an alien land
          encomium :: praise; eulogy
          encroachment :: gradual intrusion
          endearment :: fond statement
          endive :: species of leafy plant used in salads
          enigma :: puzzle
          ennui :: boredom
          enormity :: hugeness (in a bad sense)
          entity :: real being
          entomology :: study of insects
          entree :: entrance
          entrepreneur :: businessman; contractor
          epicure :: connoisseur of food and drink
          epicurean :: person who devotes himself to pleasure of the senses
          epigram :: witty thought or saying, usually short
          epilogue :: short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
          epitaph :: inscription in memory of a dead person
          epithet :: descriptive word or phrase
          epitome :: summary; concise abstract
          epoch :: period of time
          equanimity :: calmness of temperament
          equestrian :: rider on horseback
          equinox :: period of equal days and nights; the beginning of Spring and
Autumn
          equipage :: horse-drawn carriage
          equity :: fairness; justice
          erudition :: high degree of knowledge and learning
          escapade :: prank; flighty conduct
          escutcheon :: shield-shaped surface on which coat of arms is placed
          espionage :: spying
          esprit de corps :: comradeship; spirit
          ethnology :: study of man
          etymology :: study of derivation, structure and development of words
          eulogy :: praise
          euphemism :: mild expression in place of an unpleasant one
          ewer :: water pitcher
          exaction :: exorbitant demand; extortion
          exchequer :: treasury
          excision :: act of cutting away
          exegesis :: explanation, especially of Biblical passages
          exigency :: urgent situation
          exodus :: departure
          expatriate :: exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land
          expediency :: that which is advisable or practical
          expletive :: interjection; profane oath
          expostulation :: remonstrance
          extradition :: surrender of prisoner by one state to another
          extrovert :: person interested mostly in external objects and actions
          facade :: front of the building
          facet :: small plane surface of a gem; a side
          faction :: party; clique; dissension
          factotum :: handyman; person who does all kinds of work
          fanaticism :: excessive zeal
          fancier :: breeder or dealer of animals
          fanfare :: call by bugles or trumpets
          fatalism :: belief that events are determined by forces beyond one"s
control
          fauna :: animals of a period or region
          faux pas :: an error or slip in manners or behavior
          fealty :: loyalty; faithfulness
          fecundity :: fertility; fruitfulness
          feint :: trick; shift; sham blow
          ferment :: agitation; commotion
          fervor :: glowing ardor
          fetish :: object supposed to possess magical powers; an object of special
devoti
          fiasco :: total failure
          fiat :: command
          fidelity :: loyalty
          figment :: invention; imaginary thing
          finale :: conclusion
          finesse :: delicate skill
          fissure :: crevice
          flair :: talent
          flick :: light stroke as with a whip
          flippancy :: trifling gaiety
          floe :: mass of floating ice
          flora :: plants of a region or era
          flotilla :: small fleet
          flotsam :: drifting wreckage
          fluctuation :: wavering
          fluency :: smoothness of speech
          flux :: flowing; series of changes
          foible :: weakness; slight fault
          foray :: raid
          forbearance :: patience
          foreboding :: premonition of evil
          forte :: strong point of special talent
          fortitude :: bravery; courage
          fracas :: brawl; melee
          frailty :: weakness
          franchise :: right granted by authority
          fray :: brawl
          freebooter :: buccaneer
          fresco :: painting on plaster (usually fresh)
          freshet :: sudden flood
          friction :: clash in opinion; rubbing against
          frieze :: ornamental band on a wall
          frond :: fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
          frugality :: thrift
          fruition :: bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization
          fulcrum :: support on which a lever rests
          functionary :: official
          furor :: frenzy; great excitement
          fusion :: union; coalition
          gadfly :: animal-biting fly; an irritating person
          gaff :: hook; barbed fishing spear
          galaxy :: the Milky Way; any collection of brilliant personalities
          galleon :: large sailing ship
          gamester :: gambler
          gamibit :: opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed
          gamut :: entire range
          gargoyle :: waterspout carved in grotesque figures on building
          garrulity :: talkativeness
          gasconade :: bluster; boastfulness
          gastronomy :: science of preparing and serving good food
          gauntlet :: leather glove
          gazette :: official periodical publication
          genealogy :: record of descent; lineage
          generality :: vague statement
          geniality :: cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy
          genre :: style of art illustrating scenes of common life
          gentility :: those of gentle birth; refinement
          gentry :: people of standing; class of people just below nobility
          gesticulation :: motion; gesture
          gibbet :: gallows
          gig :: two-wheeled carriage
          gist :: essence
          gloaming :: twilight
          glossary :: brief explanation of words used in the text
          gnome :: dwarf; underground spirit
          gourmand :: epicure; person who takes excessive pleasure in food and
drink
          gratuity :: tip
          grimace :: a facial distortion to show feeling such as pain, disgust,
etc.
          hackles :: hairs on back and neck of a dog
          haughtiness :: pride; arrogance
          hauteur :: haughtiness
          hawser :: large rope
          hedonism :: belief that pleasure is the sole aim in life
          hegira :: flight, especially Mohammed"s flight from Mecca the Medina
          heresy :: opinion contrary to popular belief; opinion contrary to accepted
relig
          heretic :: person who maintains opinions contrary to the doctrines of the
church
          hermitage :: home of hermit
          hiatus :: gap; pause
          hierarchy :: body divided into ranks
          hieroglyphic :: picture writing
          hilarity :: boisterous mirth
          hireling :: one who serves for hire (usually contemptuously)
          hoax :: trick; practical joke
          hogshead :: large barrel
          holocaust :: destruction by fire
          holster :: pistol case
          homily :: sermon; serious warning
          hostelry :: inn
          hoyden :: boisterous girl
          hubbub :: confused uproar
          humility :: humbleness of spirit
          hummock :: small hill
          humus :: substance formed by decaying vegetable matter
          husbandry :: frugality; thrift; agriculture
          hustings :: meetings particularly to choose candidates
          hybrid :: mongrel; mixed breed
          hyperbole :: exaggeration; overstatement
          hypochondriac :: person unduly worried about his health; worrier without
cause about il
          ideology :: ideas of a group people
          idiom :: special usage in language
          idiosyncrasy :: peculiarity; eccentricity
          idolatry :: worship of idols; excessive admiration
          illusion :: misleading vision
          imbecility :: weakness of mind
          imbroglio :: a complicated situation; perplexity; entanglement
          immobility :: state of being immovable
          impasse :: predicament from which there is no escape
          imperturbability :: calmness
          impetus :: moving force
          impiety :: irreverence; wickedness
          implication :: that which is hinted at or suggested
          import :: significance
          imprimatur :: permission to print or publish a book
          impropriety :: state of being inappropriate
          impunity :: freedom from punishment
          imputation :: charge; reproach
          inadvertence :: oversight; carelessness
          incantation :: singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula
          incarnation :: act of assuming a human body and human nature
          incendiary :: arsonist
          incentive :: spur; motive
          incidence :: falling on a body; a casual occurrence
          incongruity :: lack of harmony; absurdity
          incredulity :: a tendency to disbelief
          increment :: increase
          incubus :: burden; mental care; nightmare
          incumbent :: officeholder
          incursion :: temporary invasion
          indignity :: offensive or insulting treatment
          indolence :: laziness
          inebriety :: habitual intoxication
          inertia :: state of being inert or indisposed to move
          inference :: conclusion drawn from data
          infirmity :: weakness
          influx :: flowing into
          infraction :: violation
          ingenue :: an artless girl; an actress who plays such parts
          ingrate :: ungrateful person
          inkling :: hint
          innovation :: change; introduction off something new
          innuendo :: hint; insinuation
          insolvency :: bankruptcy; lack of ability to repay debts
          insomnia :: wakefulness; inability to sleep
          integrity :: wholeness; purity; uprightness
          integument :: outer covering or skin
          intellect :: higher mental powers
          intelligentsia :: the intelligent and educated classes (often used
derogatorily)
          interim :: meantime
          interment :: burial
          interstices :: chinks; crevices
          intimidation :: fear
          intransigence :: state of stubborn unwillingness to compromise
          introvert :: one who is introspective
          intuition :: power of knowing without reasoning
          invective :: abuse
          inviolability :: security from being destroyed, corrupted or profaned
          iota :: very small quantity
          irony :: hidden sarcasm or satire
          isotope :: varying form of an element
          itinerary :: plan of a trip
          jargon :: language used by special group; gibberish
          jeopardy :: exposure to death or danger
          jeremiad :: lament; complaint
          jingoism :: extremely aggressive and militant patriotism
          jubilation :: rejoicing
          juncture :: crisis; joining point
          junket :: a merry feast or picnic
          junta :: group of men joined in political intrigue; cabal
          jurisprudence :: science of law
          kaleidoscope :: tube in which patterns made by the reflection in
mirrors
          ken :: range of knowledge
          kiosk :: summerhouse; open pavilion
          kismet :: fate
          kith :: familiar friends
          kleptomaniac :: person who has a compulsive desire to steal
          knavery :: rascality
          knell :: tolling of a bell at a funeral; sound of the funeral bell
          knoll :: little round hill
          labyrinth :: maze
          lackey :: footman; toady
          lagniappe :: trifling present given to a customer
          lagoon :: shallow body of water near a sea; lake
          laity :: laymen; persons not connected with the clergy
          languor :: lassitude; depression
          lapidary :: worker in precious stones
          larceny :: theft
          largess :: generous gift
          lassitude :: languor; weariness
          latitude :: freedom from narrow limitations
          lechery :: gross lewdness; lustfulness
          lectern :: reading desk
          lesion :: unhealthy change in structure; injury
          levity :: lightness
          lexicographer :: compiler of a dictionary
          lexicon :: dictionary
          liaison :: officer who acts as go-between for two armies
          libertine :: debauched person; rou?libretto :: text of an opera
          libido :: emotional urges behind human activity
          lieu :: instead of
          limbo :: region near heaven or hell where certain souls are kept; a
prison
          litany :: supplicatory prayer
          litigation :: lawsuit
          litotes :: understatement for emphasis
          lode :: metal-bearing vein
          longevity :: long life
          lout :: clumsy person
          lubricity :: slipperiness; evasiveness
          lucre :: money
          luster :: shine; gloss
          machinations :: schemes
          madrigal :: pastoral song
          maelstrom :: whirlpool
          magnate :: person of prominence or influence
          magnitude :: greatness; extent
          malcontent :: person dissatisfied with existing state of affairs
          malediction :: curse
          malefactor :: criminal
          malingerer :: one who feigns illness to escape duty
          mall :: public walk
          mammal :: a vertebrate animal whose female suckles its young
          mandate :: order; charge
          manifesto :: declaration; statement of policy
          marauder :: raider; intruder
          marrow :: soft tissue filling the bones
          marsupial :: one of a family of mammals that nurse their offspring in a
pouch
          martinet :: strict disciplinarian
          matricide :: murder of a mother by a child
          matrix :: mold or die
          mausoleum :: monumental tomb
          maxim :: proverb; a truth pithily stated
          mayhem :: injury to body
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-9 23:22:44 | 显示全部楼层

          meditation :: reflection; thought
          medley :: mixture
          melange :: medley; miscellany
          melee :: fight
          memento :: token; reminder
          mendicant :: beggar
          mentor :: teacher
          meringue :: pastry decoration made of white of eggs
          mesa :: high, flat-topped hill
          metamorphosis :: change of form
          metaphor :: implied comparison
          metropolis :: large city
          mettle :: courage; spirit
          mews :: group of stables built around a courtyard
          miasma :: swamp gas; odor of decaying matter
          microcosm :: small world
          mien :: demeanor; bearing
          milieu :: environment; means of expression
          millennium :: thousand-year period; period of happiness and prosperity
          minaret :: slender tower attached to a mosque
          minion :: a servile dependent
          mirage :: unreal reflection; optical illusion
          misadventure :: mischance; ill luck
          misanthrope :: one who hates mankind
          misapprehension :: error; misunderstanding
          miscegenation :: intermarriage between races
          miscellany :: mixture of writing on various subjects
          mischance :: ill luck
          miscreant :: wretch; villain
          misdemeanor :: minor crime
          misgivings :: doubts
          mishap :: accident
          misnomer :: wrong name; incorrect designation
          misogynist :: hater of women
          missile :: object to be thrown or projected
          mite :: very small object or creature; small coin
          mode :: prevailing style
          modicum :: limited quantity
          modulation :: toning down; changing from one key to another
          moiety :: half; part
          molecule :: the smallest part of a homogeneous substance
          momentum :: quantity of motion of a moving body; impetus
          moodiness :: fits of depression or gloom
          moor :: marshy wasteland
          moratorium :: legal delay of payment
          mores :: customs
          mortician :: undertaker
          mote :: small speck
          motif :: theme
          mountebank :: charlatan; boastful pretender
          mugwump :: defector from a party
          multiplicity :: state of being numerous
          murkiness :: darkness; gloom
          murrain :: plague; cattle disease
          myriad :: very large number
          nadir :: lowest point
          natation :: swimming
          nave :: main body of a church
          na飗et?:: quality of being unsophisticated
          necrology :: obituary notice; list of the dead
          necromancy :: black magic; dealings with the dead
          negation :: denial
          nemesis :: revenging agent
          neophyte :: recent convert; beginner
          nepotism :: favoritism to a relative
          nexus :: connection
          nib :: beak; pen point
          nicety :: precision; minute distinction
          nirvana :: the ideal state in Buddhist teachings
          non sequitor :: a conclusion that does not follow from the facts stated
          nonchalance :: indifference; lack of interest
          nonentity :: nonexistence; person of no importance
          nosegay :: fragrant bouquet
          nostalgia :: homesickness; longing for the past
          novice :: beginner
          nuance :: shade of difference in meaning or color
          numismatist :: person who collects coins
          oaf :: stupid, awkward person
          obeisance :: bow
          obelisk :: tall column tapering and ending in a pyramid
          obituary :: death notice
          objurgation :: severe rebuke; scolding
          oblation :: the Eucharist; pious donation
          obliquity :: departure from right principle; perversity
          oblivion :: forgetfulness
          obloquy :: slander; disgrace; infamy
          obsession :: fixed idea; continued brooding
          obsidian :: black volcanic rock
          obstetrician :: physician specializing in delivery of babies
          Occident :: the West
          oculist :: physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
          odium :: repugnance; dislike
          offal :: waste; garbage
          offertory :: collection of money at religious ceremony
          oligarchy :: government by a few
          onomatopoeia :: words formed in imitation of natural sounds
          onslaught :: vicious assault
          onus :: burden; responsibility
          opiate :: sleep producer; deadener of pain
          opportunist :: individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by
taking advantage
          opprobrium :: infamy; vilification
          optician :: maker and seller of eyeglasses
          optometrist :: one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
          opulence :: wealth
          opus :: work
          oratorio :: dramatic poem set to music
          ordinance :: decree
          orientation :: act of finding oneself in society
          orifice :: mouthlike opening; small opening
          orison :: prayer
          ornithologist :: scientific student of birds
          ornithology :: study of birds
          orthography :: correct spelling
          pachyderm :: thick-skinned animal
          pacifist :: one opposed to force; antimilitarist
          paddock :: saddling enclosure at race track; lot for exercising horses
          paean :: song of praise or joy
          palaver :: discussion; misleading speech; chatter
          palette :: board on which painter mixes pigments
          palimpsest :: parchment used for second time after original writing has
been erased
          pallet :: small, poor bed
          palliation :: act of making less severe or violent
          panacea :: cure-all; remedy for all diseases
          pandemonium :: wild tumult
          panegyric :: formal praise
          panoply :: full set of armor
          panorama :: comprehensive view; unobstructed view in all directions
          pantomime :: acting without dialogue
          papyrus :: ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
          parable :: short, simple story teaching a moral
          paradox :: statement that looks false but is actually correct
          paragon :: model of perfection
          parallelism :: state of being parallel; similarity
          paramour :: illicit lover
          paranoia :: chronic form of insanity marked by delusions grandeur
          paranoiac :: mentally unsound person suffering from delusions
          parapet :: low wall at edge of roof or balcony
          paraphernalia :: equipment; odds and ends
          parasite :: animal or plant living on another; toady; sycophant
          paregoric :: medicine that eases pain
          pariah :: social outcast
          parity :: equality; close resemblance
          parlance :: language; idiom
          parley :: conference
          parody :: humorous imitation; travesty
          paroxysm :: fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage
          parricide :: person who murders his own father; murder of a father
          partiality :: inclination; bias
          parturition :: delivery; childbirth
          parvenu :: upstart; newly rich person
          pastiche :: imitation of another"s style in musical composition or in
writing
          pathos :: tender sorrow; pity
          patina :: green crust on old bronze works; tone slowly taken by varnished
painti
          patois :: local or provincial dialect
          patriarch :: father and ruler of a family or tribe
          patricide :: person who murders his father; murder of a father
          patrimony :: inheritance from father
          paucity :: scarcity
          peccadillo :: slight offense
          peculation :: embezzlement; theft
          pedagogue :: teacher; dull and formal teacher
          pedant :: scholar who overemphasizes book learning or technicalities
          pediatrician :: expert in children"s diseases
          pediment :: triangular part above columns in Greek buildings
          pelf :: stolen property; money or wealth in a contemptuous sense
          penance :: self-imposed punishment for sin
          penchant :: strong inclination; liking
          penumbra :: partial shadow in an eclipse
          penury :: extreme poverty
          percussion :: striking one object against another sharply
          perdition :: damnation; complete ruin
          peregrination :: journey
          perfidy :: violation of a trust
          perigee :: point of moon"s orbit when it is nearest the earth
          perimeter :: outer boundary
          periphery :: edge, especially of a round surface
          peristyle :: series of columns surrounding a building or yard
          perjury :: false testimony while under oath
          peroration :: conclusion of an oration
          perquisite :: any gain above stipulated salary
          persiflage :: flippant conversation; banter
          perspicuity :: clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
          perturbation :: agitation
          perusal :: reading
          perversion :: corruption; turning from right to wrong
          perversity :: stubborn maintenance of a wrong cause
          pessimism :: belief that life is basically bad or evil; gloominess
          phial :: small bottle
          philanthropist :: lover of mankind; doer of good
          philistine :: narrow-minded person; uncultured person
          philology :: study of language
          phobia :: morbid fear
          physiognomy :: face
          pinnacle :: peak
          pique :: irritation; resentment
          pittance :: a small allowance or wage
          plagiarism :: theft of another"s ideas or writings passed off as
original
          platitude :: trite remark; commonplace statement
          plebiscite :: expression of the will of a people by direct election
          plethora :: excess; overabundance
          podiatrist :: doctor who treats ailments of the feet
          podium :: pedestal; raised platform
          polemic :: controversy; argument in support of point of view
          polity :: form of government of nation or state
          poltroon :: coward
          polygamist :: one who has more than one spouse at a time
          porphyry :: igneous rock containing feldspar or quartz crystals
          portent :: sign; omen; forewarning
          posterity :: descendants; future generations
          postulate :: self-evident truth
          potentate :: monarch; sovereign
          potion :: dose of liquid
          potpourri :: heterogeneous mixture; medley
          poultice :: soothing application applied to sore and inflamed portions of
the body
          preamble :: introductory statement
          precedent :: something preceding in time
          precept :: practical rule guiding conduct
          preciosity :: overrefinement in art or speech
          precursor :: forerunner
          predilection :: partiality; preference
          prelude :: introduction; forerunner
          premonition :: forewarning
          preponderance :: superiority of power, quantity, etc.
          prerogative :: privilege; unquestionable right
          presentiment :: premonition; foreboding
          prestige :: impression produced by achievements or reputation
          presumption :: arrogance; effrontery
          primogeniture :: seniority by birth
          probity :: uprightness; incorruptibility
          proboscis :: long snout; nose
          proclivity :: inclination; natural tendency
          profusion :: lavish expenditure; overabundant condition
          progenitor :: ancestor
          progeny :: children; offspring
          prognosis :: forecasted course of a disease; prediction
          projectile :: missile
          proletarian :: member of the working class
          promontory :: headland
          propellants :: substances which propel of drive forward
          propensity :: natural inclination
          propinquity :: nearness; kinship
          propriety :: fitness; correct conduct
          proscenium :: part of stage in front of curtain
          prosody :: the art of versification
          protocol :: diplomatic etiquette
          prototype :: original work used as a model by others
          prot間?:: person under the protection and support of a patron
          provenance :: origin or source of something
          provender :: dry food; fodder
          proviso :: stipulation
          provocation :: cause for anger or retaliation
          proximity :: nearness
          proxy :: authorized agent
          pseudonym :: pen name
          psyche :: soul; mind
          psychiatrist :: a doctor who treats mental diseases
          psychosis :: mental disorder
          pterodactyl :: extinct flying reptile
          pulchritude :: beauty; comeliness
          pundit :: learned Hindu; any learned man; authority on a subject
          purgatory :: place of spiritual expiation
          purport :: intention; meaning
          purveyor :: furnisher of foodstuffs; caterer
          purview :: scope
          pyromaniac :: person with an insane desire to set things on fire
          quack :: charlatan; impostor
          quadruped :: four-footed animal
          quagmire :: bog; marsh
          qualms :: misgivings
          quandary :: dilemma
          quarantine :: isolation of person or ship to prevent spread of
infection
          quay :: dock; landing place
          qui vie :: wide awake; expectant
          quietude :: tranquillity
          quintessence :: purest and highest embodiment
          quip :: taunt
          quirk :: startling twist; caprice
          quorum :: number of members necessary to conduct a meeting
          ragamuffin :: person wearing tattered clothes
          ramification :: branching out; subdivision
          ramp :: slope; inclined plane
          rampart :: defensive mound of earth
          rancor :: bitterness; hatred
          rapprochement :: reconciliation
          ratiocination :: reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises
          rationalization :: bringing into conformity with reason
          realm :: kingdom; sphere
          rebate :: discount
          recession :: withdrawal; retreat
          recidivism :: habitual return to crime
          recipient :: receiver
          recluse :: hermit
          reconnaissance :: survey of enemy by soldiers; reconnoitering
          recourse :: resorting to help when in trouble
          recreant :: coward; betrayer of faith
          recrimination :: countercharges
          recrudescence :: reopening of a wound or sore
          rectitude :: uprightness
          recusant :: person who refuses to comply
          redress :: remedy; compensation
          refection :: slight refreshment
          refectory :: dinning hall
          refraction :: bending of a ray of light
          refutation :: disproof of opponents" arguments
          regatta :: boat or yacht race
          regeneration :: spiritual rebirth
          regime :: method or system of government
          regimen :: prescribed diet and habits
          relevancy :: pertinence; reference to the case in hand
          reminiscence :: recollection
          remnant :: remainder
          rendezvous :: meeting place
          rendition :: translation; artistic interpretation of a song, etc.
          renegade :: deserter; apostate
          renunciation :: giving up; renouncing
          reparation :: amends; compensation
          repartee :: clever reply
          repercussion :: rebound; reverberation; reaction
          repertoire :: list of works of music, drama, etc., a performer is prepared
to presen
          replica :: copy
          repository :: storehouse
          reprieve :: temporary stay
          reprisal :: retaliation
          reprobate :: person hardened in sin, devoid of a sense of decency
          reprobation :: severe disapproval
          repugnance :: loathing
          requiem :: mass for the dead; dirge
          requisite :: necessary requirement
          rescission :: abrogation; annulment
          residue :: remainder; balance
          respite :: delay in punishment; interval of relief; rest
          restitution :: reparation; indemnification
          reticence :: reserve; uncommunicativeness; inclination to be silent
          retinue :: following; attendants
          retraction :: withdrawal
          retribution :: vengeance; compensation; punishment for offenses
          revelry :: boisterous merrymaking
          reverie :: daydream; musing
          revulsion :: sudden violent change of feeling; reaction
          rhetoric :: art of effective communication; insincere language
          rift :: opening; break
          rigor :: severity
          rime :: white frost
          rood :: crucifix
          rostrum :: platform for speech-making; pulpit
          rote :: repetition
          rotunda :: circular building or hall covered with a dome
          rotundity :: roundness; sonorousness of speech
          rubble :: fragments
          ruse :: trick; stratagem
          saga :: Scandinavian myth; any legend
          salver :: tray
          sangfroid :: coolness in a trying situation
          sarcophagus :: stone coffin, often highly decorated
          satellite :: small body revolving around a larger one
          satiety :: condition of being crammed full; glutted state; repletion
          satire :: use of ridicule, irony, or sarcasm to expose folly, vice,
etc.
          satrap :: petty ruler working for a superior despot
          satyr :: half-human, half-bestial being in the court of Dionysos
          savant :: scholar
          savoir faire :: tact; poise; sophistication
          scavenger :: collector and disposer of refuse; animal that devours
carrion
          schism :: division; split
          scintilla :: shred; least bit
          sciolism :: quackery; superficial information
          scion :: offspring
          scourge :: lash; whip; severe punishment
          screed :: long, tiresome harangue
          scullion :: menial kitchen worker
          secession :: withdrawal
            
            
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          seine :: net for catching fish
          semblance :: outward appearance; guise
          senescence :: state of growing old
          senility :: old age; feeblemindedness of old age
          sepulcher :: tomb
          seraph :: high-ranking, six-winged angel
          serendipity :: gift for finding valuable things not searched for
          serenity :: calmness; placidity
          severance :: division; partition; separation
          shambles :: slaughterhouse; scene of carnage
          sheaf :: bundle of stalks of grain; any bundle of things tied together
          sherbet :: flavored dessert ice
          shibboleth :: watchword; slogan
          shoal :: shallow place
          silt :: sediment deposited by running water
          simile :: comparison of one thing with another, using the word like or
as
          similitude :: similitude; using comparisons such as similes, etc.
          sinecure :: well-paid position with little responsibility
          sirocco :: warm, sultry wind blown Africa to southern Europe
          skeptic :: doubter
          slander :: defamation; utterance o false and malicious statements
          slattern :: untidy or slovenly person
          sleight :: dexterity
          sloth :: laziness
          sluggard :: lazy person
          sluice :: artificial channel for directing or controlling the flow of
water
          smattering :: slight knowledge
          sobriety :: soberness
          sobriquet :: nickname
          sojourn :: temporary stay
          solace :: comfort in trouble
          solecism :: construction that is flagrantly incorrect grammatically
          soliloquy :: talking to oneself
          solstice :: point at which the sun is farthest from the equator
          somnambulist :: sleepwalker
          sophist :: teacher of philosophy; quibbler; employer of fallacious
reasoning
          sophistication :: artificiality; unnaturalness; act of employing sophistry
in reasoning
          soporific :: sleep producer
          soupcon :: suggestion; hint; taste
          spangle :: small metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
          spate :: sudden flood
          spatula :: broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
          spectrum :: colored band produced when beam of light passes through a
prism
          spoliation :: pillaging; depredation
          spoonerism :: accidental transposition of sounds in successive words
          spume :: froth; foam
          stalemate :: deadlock
          stamina :: strength; staying power
          statute :: law
          stein :: beer mug
          stigma :: token of disgrace; brand
          stint :: supply; allotted amount; assigned portion of work
          stipend :: pay for services
          stoic :: person who is indifferent to pleasure or pain
          stratagem :: deceptive scheme
          stratum :: layer of earth"s surface; layer of society
          stricture :: critical comments; severe and adverse criticism
          stupor :: state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
          suavity :: urbanity; polish
          subaltern :: subordinate
          subsidy :: direct financial aid by government, etc.
          subsistence :: existence; means of support; livelihood
          subterfuge :: pretense; evasion
          subtlety :: nicety; cunning; guile; delicacy
          succor :: aid; assistance; relief
          summation :: act of finding the total; summary
          superfluity :: excess; overabundance
          supernumerary :: person or thing in excess of what is necessary; extra
          surcease :: cessation
          surveillance :: watching; guarding
          sustenance :: means of support, food, nourishment
          suture :: stitches sewn to hold the cut edges of a wound or incision
          syllogism :: logical formula utilizing a major premise, a minor premise and
a conclusion
          symmetry :: arrangement of parts so that balance is obtained; congruity
          synthesis :: combining parts into a whole
          talisman :: charm
          talon :: claw of bird
          tantrum :: fit of petulance; caprice
          tarantula :: venomous spider
          tarn :: small mountain lake
          tatterdemalion :: ragged fellow
          tautology :: unnecessary repetition; pleonasm
          tedium :: boredom; weariness
          teleology :: doctrine of final causes
          temerity :: boldness; rashness
          tempo :: speed of music
          tenacity :: firmness; persistency; adhesiveness
          tenet :: doctrine; dogma
          tenure :: holding of an office; time during which such an office is
held
          tergiversation :: evasion; fickleness
          termagant :: shrew; scolding, brawling woman
          terminology :: terms used in a science or art
          terminus :: last stop of railroad
          terrapin :: American marsh tortoise
          testator :: maker of a will
          thaumaturgist :: miracle worker; magician
          theocracy :: government of a community by religious leaders
          theosophy :: wisdom in divine things
          thrall :: slave; bondage
          threnody :: song of lamentation; dirge
          throes :: violent anguish
          thyme :: aromatic plant used for seasoning
          timbre :: quality of a musical tone produced by a musical instrument
          timidity :: lack of self-confidence or courage
          tirade :: extended scolding; denunciation
          tithe :: tax of one-tenth
          tocsin :: alarm bell
          toga :: Roman outer robe
          tome :: large volume
          tonsure :: shaving of the head, especially by person entering religious
orders
          topography :: physical features of a region
          torso :: trunk of statue with head and limbs missing; human trunk
          tortilla :: flat cake made of cornmeal, etc.
          touchstone :: stone used to test the fineness of gold alloys; criterion
          tract :: pamphlet; a region of indefinite size
          trajectory :: path taken by a projectile
          tranquillity :: calmness; peace
          transgression :: violation of a law; sin
          transition :: going from one state of action to another
          travail :: painful labor
          travesty :: comical parody; treatment aimed at making something appear
ridiculous
          treacle :: syrup obtained in refining sugar
          treatise :: article treating a subject systematically and thoroughly
          tremor :: trembling; slight quiver
          trencherman :: good eater
          trepidation :: fear; trembling agitation
          tribulation :: distress; suffering
          tribunal :: court of justice
          tribute :: tax levied by a ruler; mark of respect
          trident :: three-pronged spear
          trilogy :: group of three works
          triolet :: eight-line stanza
          troglodyte :: cave dweller
          trope :: figure of speech
          troth :: pledge of good faith especially in betrothal
          truism :: self-evident truth
          trumpery :: objects that are showy, valueless, deceptive
          tryst :: meeting
          tumbrel :: a farm tipcart
          tundra :: rolling, treeless plain in Siberia and arctic North America
          turbulence :: state of violent agitation
          tureen :: deep table dish for holding soup
          turnkey :: jailer
          turpitude :: depravity
          tutelage :: guardianship; training
          tyro :: beginner; novice
          ukase :: official decree, usually Russian
          ultimatum :: last demand; warning
          umbrage :: resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult
          unanimity :: complete agreement
          unction :: the act of anointing with oil
          unguent :: ointment
          unison :: unity of pitch; complete accord
          usufruct :: right of enjoying things belonging to another
          usurpation :: act of seizing power and rank of another
          usury :: lending money at illegal rates of interest
          utopia :: imaginary land with perfect social and political system
          vacillation :: fluctuation; wavering
          vagary :: caprice; whim
          valance :: short drapery hanging above window frame
          valetudinarian :: invalid
          vampire :: ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living
          vanguard :: forerunners; advance forces
          vantage :: position giving an advantage
          vassal :: in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord
          vellum :: parchment
          vendetta :: feud; private warfare
          veneer :: thin layer; cover
          vent :: a small opening; outlet
          verbiage :: pompous array of words
          verdigris :: a green coating on copper which has been exposed to the
weather
          verity :: truth; reality
          vertex :: summit
          vertigo :: dizziness
          vestige :: trace; remains
          viand :: food
          vicissitude :: change of fortune
          victuals :: food
          vigilance :: watchfulness
          viper :: poisonous snake
          virago :: shrew
          virtuoso :: highly skilled artist
          virus :: disease communicator
          visage :: face; appearance
          vivisection :: act of dissecting living animals
          vogue :: popular fashion
          volition :: act of making a conscious choice
          votary :: follower of a cult
          warranty :: guarantee; assurance by seller
          wastrel :: profligate
          welkin :: sky
          whit :: smallest speck
          whorl :: ring of leaves around stem; ring
          witticism :: witty saying; facetious remark
          wizardry :: sorcery; magic
          wont :: custom; habitual procedure
          wraith :: ghost; phantom of a living person
          yeoman :: man owning small estate; middle-class farmer
          yokel :: country bumpkin
          zealot :: fanatic; person who shows excessive zeal
          zenith :: point directly overhead in the sky; summit
          zephyr :: gentle breeze; west wind
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