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英语语法入门学习之句子分类篇:并列句

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:50:49 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  由并列连词连接、含有两个或更多主谓结构的句子叫并列句。
          一、表示转折对比关系的并列连词
          1. but 但是,可是,而,却
          连接两个简单句,有时句中某些词可以省略;连接两个并列成分,可以放在一个句子的句首,后面不接逗号。
          例:I hope you don't mind me asking, but where did you buy those shoes?
          2. yet 但是;尽管如此
          可连接两个句子,用逗号分开,也可在yet前加and,还可以放在一个句子的句首。
          例:The car is old, yet it is in good condition. 这辆车旧了,但车况很好。
          3. while 而,但是,可是,却
          while作连词用时,可表示对比或转折关系。
          例:I do every single bit of housework while my husband Bob just does the
dishes now and then.
          二、表示因果关系的并列连词
          1. for 因为
          由并列连词for引导的分句常置于句子后部,而且常用逗号与前面的分句隔开。for分句主要是对前一分句补充说明理由或推断原因。for分句不能用来回答why问句。
          例:I did my best not to show pleasure, but what I was feeling was pure
happiness, for my words had the power to make people laugh.
          2. so 因此
          可以连接两个句子,中间有时用逗号隔开;也可在so前加and;还可以放在一个句子的句首。
          例:The shop doesn't open until 11 a.m., so it loses a lot of business.
          三、表示选择关系的连词or
          or连接并列成分时,意为“或者,还是”;用于否定句中,意为“也不”,这时不宜用and;还有“否则,要不然”之意,相当于otherwise。
          例:Would you like a cup of coffee or shall we get down to business right
away?
          四、表示并列关系的并列连词
          1. and 和,同,与,又,并且
          例:Stand over there and you'll be able to see it better.
          2. not only... but also... 不仅……而且
          例:Not only I but also Jane and Mary are tired of having one examination
after another.
          3. neither... nor... 既不……也不
          例:They worked neither for fame nor for personal gains. 他们工作一不为名,二不为利。
          4. both... and... 既……又
          例:A man should have both courage and wisdom. 人既要有勇气又要有智慧。
          五、其他并列连词
          1. not... but... 不是……而是
          It was not the bones of an animal but of a human being.
这不是一只动物的骨头,而是人的骨头。
          2. rather than 而不是;与其……宁愿
          Rather than ride on a crowded bus, he always prefers to ride a bicycle.
          3. when 正当那时,相当于and at that time
          Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park when she was
bitten on the leg by a lion.
        (兼职编辑:张博)
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