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如何做好大学英语四六级听力考试笔记

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发表于 2018-12-19 21:13:11 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
2018年12月大学英语四级考试如期结束,今年的英语四六级听力依然十分具有挑战性,涉及的话题也十分广泛。听力属于英语实用性技能,在四六级中所包含的分值也很大。该如何攻克英语四六级听力这个难题呢?文都四六级老师来教大家如何做好大学英语四六级听力考试笔记。
来源:文都教育
(1)单词简写
我们知道,四六级听力是先听文章,再听题目。因此,在听文章的过程中,有效的笔记必不可少。由于时间有限,因此,对考生瞬间记忆的要求很高,这就要求考生在记笔记的过程中合理进行单词简写。比如,像“government”;“international”;“scientist”等实词,考生对这些词都比较熟悉,它们的音节和拼写都很长,在听力笔记中,可以进行一定的程度的简写,写成“goven-”;“internat-”或“sci-tist”等都可以,具体取决于考生对单词的熟悉度。因为不管怎样,笔记取代不了我们“听”的过程,考生需要把主要的注意力放在听上,再结合笔记记录一定细节。
(2)注意转折处
转折处往往会包含重要的信息,这一点在各类考试中想必大家也都有所感触。那么听力也不例外。转折处的信息往往会出现在试卷中,那么需要考生对一部分表示转折的时候十分敏感。通常表示转折的词汇有“but; however; yet; instead; unfortunately; fortunately, indeed; in fact; actually; although; though; while; whereas; nevertheless; nonetheless; in spite of...”等。我们以2018年12月四级听力中的一道真题为例,来看看转折处的信息在考场中的重要性。
【四级听力原文】
It’s responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood. The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St. Mary’s Church. Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene. Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin. There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries.
Question 3: What does the news item say about the fire?
【四级听力参考答案】
A) It lasted more than six hours.
B) No injuries were yet reported.
C) Nobody was in the building when it broke out.
D) It had burned for 45 minutes by the time firefighters arrived.
解析:这是一处细节听力,其中,【A】选项属于没有提及的信息,【C】选项属于错误信息,因为原文中有提到“There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out”;【D】选线最 具有干扰性,但是选项将“arrived”和原文中的“under control”偷换了。【D】选项是出现在转折处的信息,对应原文“but there were no reports of any injuries”
(2)注意对话问答
听力对话中,考生尤其需要注意对话者的互相题问,因为往往提问才能让该对话进行下去。考生需要额外注意的是说话双方文的问题是什么?对方是肯定或否定的回答。这些,都可以简单的进行记笔记,例如:在W后面写一个N,表示女士持否定态度。我们以2018年12月四级听力中的一道真题为例:
【四级听力原文】
M: Was the rest of India crowded?
F: Yes, very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.
Question 15: What is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities?
【四级听力参考答案】
A)Their streets are narrow.
B)They are mostly crowded.
C)Each one has a unique character.
D)Life can be tedious in some places.
解析:这道题需要考生注意不能混淆对话的双方,该题中提问的是男士,题目问的是女士对印度城市的看法。而通过男士的提问,女士持肯定态度(可以在笔记中写上W; Y),表明女士对印度城市拥挤的看法是Yes。对话听力中大家一定要把握好对话者与问题主体的性别。区分彼此的观点。
推荐阅读:
【文都版】2018年12月英语四级真题答案解析
【文都版】2018年12月英语六级真题答案汇总
考后快来四六级吐槽大会,一“吐”为快吧!
以上是本期提供给大家的大家如何做好大学英语四六级听力考试笔记,文都四六级小编预祝各位考生朋友都能考出理想的成绩,高分飘过。
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