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2018年12月英语六级阅读练习及答案(一)

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发表于 2018-12-8 10:19:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  六级干货》》  作文 |阅读 |翻译 |听力
          Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.
          Caught in a squeeze between the health needs of aging populations on one
hand and the financial crisis on the other, governments everywhere are looking
for ways to slow the growth in health-care spending. Increasingly, they are
looking to the generic-drugs (普通药物) industry as a savior. In November Japan's
finance ministry issued a report complaining that the country's use of generics
was less than a third of that in America or Britain. In the same month Canada's
competition watchdog criticized the country's pharmacies for failing to pass on
the savings made possible by the use of generic drugs. That greed, it reckoned,
costs taxpayers nearly C$1 billion a year.
          Then on November 28th the European Commission issued the preliminary
results of its year-long probe into drug giants in the European Union. The
report reached a damning~, though provisional, conclusion: the drugs firms use a
variety of unfair strategies to protect their expensive drugs by delaying the
entry of cheaper generic opponents. Though this initial report does not carry
the force of law (a final report is due early next year), it has caused much
controversy. Neelie Kroes, the EU's competition commissioner, says she is ready
to take legal action if the evidence allows.
          One strategy the investigators criticize is the use of the "patent duster(
专利群)". A firm keen to defend its drug due to go off-patent may file dozens or
hundreds of new patents, often of dubious merit, to confuse and terrify
potential copycats and maintain its monopoly. An unnamed drugs firm once took
out 1,300 patents across the EU on a single drug. The report also suggests that
out-of-court settlements between makers of patented drags and generics firms may
be a strategy used by the former to delay market entry by the latter.
          According to EU officials, such misdeeds -have delayed the arrival of
generic competition and the accompanying savings. On average, rite report
estimates, generics arrived seven months after a patented drug lost its
protection, though where the drug was a big seller the lag was four months. The
report says taxpayers paid about q 3 billion more than they would have-had the
generics gone on sale immediately.
          But hang on a minute, Though many of the charges of bad behavior leveled at
the patented-drugs industry by EU investigators may well be true, the report
seems to let the generics industry off the hook(钩子) too lightly. After all, if
the drugs giants stand accused, in effect, of bribing opponents to delay the
launch of cheap generics, shouldn't the companies that accepted those "bribes"
also share the blame?
          56. Why are governments around the world seeking ways to reduce their
health-care spending?
          A) They consider the generic-drugs industry as a savior.
          B) They are under the double pressure of aging group and financial
crisis.
          C) Health-care spending has accounted too large proportion.
          D) Health-care spending has cost taxpayers too much income.
          57. What can we learn from the report issued by the European
Commission?
          A) Drug firm will use just ways to protect their drags.
          B) Cheaper generic drugs are easy to enter market,
          C) The report has come to an ultimate conclusion.
          D) The final report may lead to commissioner's legal action.
          58. The investigators seriously condemned the drug firms for__________.
          A) they do not let their opponents to resort to the comet
          B) they use clusters of patents to protect their products
          C) they bribe the cheaper generic opponents
          D) trey do not pass on the savings made by use of generic drugs
          59. On average, the genetics will be delayed to enter the market by
__________.
          A) seven months
          B) three months
          C) four months
          D) eleven months
          60. Which of the following accords with the author's view?
          A) Charges on patented-drug industry are anything but true.
          B) Generics industry is a sheer victim in the competition.
          C) Only drug giants are to blame.
          D) Exclusion of generics industry from taking responsibility is
questionable.
            
            
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发表于 2018-12-8 11:33:20 | 显示全部楼层

          参考答案:
          56.B)。由定位句可知,各国政府一方面面临老龄化人群的健康需求,另一方面受到金融危机的影响,所以都在寻求减少医疗保健开支的途径,B)符合题意。
          57.D)。定位句提到,11月28日欧洲委员会发布的一个初步调查报告,下文开始对该报告进行描述,由第二段最后一句Neelie Kroes,the
EU's competition commissioner,says she is ready totake legal action if the
evidence allows.可推断如果证据充足,委员们会采取行动,D)符合题意。
          58.B)。由定位句可知,调查员们严厉谴责药品公司是因为其利用“专利群”这一策略,即为一个产品申请多项专利,B)符合题意。
          59.A)。由定位句可知,平均来说,普通药物要等专利药物的专利保护失效7个月后才能上市,A)符合题意。B)、D)中的数字文中没有提及;文中提到了four
months,但指的是畅销药品被推迟的时间,而不是平均的,故排除C)。
          60.D)。由定位句可知,作者认为欧盟调查员们对专利药物行业的控诉是正确的,但不应让普通制药行业太轻易地逃脱责任,因为它们有可能接受了专利药物行业的贿赂,因此作者认为普通药物行业同样需对此承担责任,D)符合题意。
            
            
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