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大学英语四级翻译常考结构:西安

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发表于 2018-11-3 22:03:09 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
古人云:“读书破万卷,下笔如有神”。今天能四六级考试网为大家分享2018年12月英语四级翻译常考结构:西安,希望大家从现在开始,多收集整理一批内容,好应对接下来的2018年12月英语四六级考试。
请将下面这段话翻译成英文:
西安
古都西安,一颗闪烁着古代文明和高科技之光的历史文化名城。西安古名长安,是世界四大古都之一。踏上这古老的黄土地,无处不在的是千古文人(literati)名士 (people with literary reputation)传诵于世的古风古韵。历史文化的沉积,造就了一个著 名的旅游城市。西安,这座让游人流连忘返的城市,在很久以前就享有“通史博物馆(General History Museum ) ”的美誉。
参考翻译:
Xi'an
Ancient capital Xi'an is a noted historic and cultural city shining the light of ancient civilization and high technology. Xi'an,once called Chang'an, is one of the four ancient capitals of the world. Setting foot on this ancient ground, you can feel ancient customs and rhymes everywhere, which have been widely read by literati and people with literary reputation for thousands of years. This famous tourism city is created by the sediment of historical culture. Xi'an,a city that let people linger on with no thought of leaving has long enjoyed the good name of the“General History Museum”.
翻译讲解;
1.历史文化名城:翻译为a noted historic and cultural city。
2.黄土地:直接翻译成ground即可,不必直译。
3.古风古韵:古风指“古代的风俗习惯”,古韵指“古代的音韵”,故可译为 ancient customs and rhyme。该词组所处句子缺少主语,在翻译时需增译主语。
4.流连忘返:可译为to have much enjoyment and forget to go back home或者to linger on with no thought of leaving, linger on 意为“徘徊;流连”。
5.历史文化的沉积:可译为sediment of historical culture。sediment意为“沉积”。
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