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中考英语作文辅导素材:三十组同义表达以及成语俗语翻译

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发表于 2018-9-28 22:40:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  一般在写英语作文时,同学们大多数使用的都是简单句的堆砌,偶尔有复杂句,so,and,then,but
等关系词使用频繁,使得句子结构显得松散、呆板,这样的作文即使有良好的观点和主旨也难拿高分。
          因此,在表达相同含义时,时常试着换一种表达方式不仅会为作文挣得加分的可能,更有利于我们自己对英语写作保持成就感和新鲜感。
          今天,小编就为同学们带来了能为作文“添砖加瓦”的过渡词、同义表达短语等,多多积累,助你中考作文拿的高分~致胜中考~
          三十组同义表达
          九个“决定”
          decide to do sth
          make a decision to do sth
          determine to do sth
          be determined to do sth
          make a determination to do sth
          resolve to do sth
          make a resolution to do sth
          make up one’s mind to do sth
          set one’s mind to do sth
          两个“尽可能......”
          as … as possible
          as…as you can
          五个“乐意做……”
          be glad to do sth
          be pleased to do sth
          be happy to do sth
          be delighted to do sth
          have pleasure to do sth
          九个“准备做……”
          get ready for sth
          get sth. ready
          be ready for sth
          be ready to do sth
          prepare for sth
          prepare oneself for sth
          prepare to do sth
          prepare sth. for sb
          be prepared for sth
          “邀请”与“请求”
          Would you like to do sth.?
          Would you like sth.?
          Would you please do…?
          (回答:I’d like/love to.)
          四个“没用”
          It is no use (in)doing sth.
          There is no use doing sth.
          It is useless to do sth.
          It is no good (in) doing sth.
          三个“结果”
          so/such…that…
          ...enough to do sth
          too … to…
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发表于 2018-9-28 23:42:28 | 显示全部楼层

          六个“花费”
          sb. spends some time/money on sth
          sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth
          sb. pays some money for sth
          sth. costs (sb.) some money
          It takes (sb. )some time to do sth
          It takes some time for sb. to do sth
          五个“为了”
          so that (引导目的状语从句,只位于句尾)
          in order that (引导目的状语从句)
          so as to do sth. (引导目的状语,只位于句尾)
          in order to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)
          to do sth. (引导目的状语,可首可尾)
          三个“以至于不......”
          too…to…
          so … that…not…
          not…enough to…
          两个“习惯”
          be/get used to doing sth
          be/get accustomed to doing sth
          两个“建议”
          What about sth./doing sth.?
          How about sth./doing sth.?
          四个“出什么毛病了”
          What’s the matter with…?
          What’s wrong with…?
          What’s the trouble with…?
          What happens to…?
          两个“为什么不......”
          Why not do sth.?
          Why don’t you do sth?
          三个“不但……而且……”
          not only…but also
          not only…but…
          not only…but …as well
          五个“劝阻”“阻止”
          stop sb. (from) doing
          prevent sb. (from) doing
          keep sb. from doing
          discourage sb. from doing sth
          dissuade sb. from doing sth
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发表于 2018-9-29 00:33:44 | 显示全部楼层

          四个“相处”
          get on (well) with sb
          get along (well) with sb
          mix with sb
          mix well with sb
          五个“因为”
          thanks to
          due to
          because of
          as a result of
          owing to
          两个“形式”
          It’s + adj. (for/of sb. ) to do sth. (形式主语)
          find/think/feel it + adj. + to do sth. (形式宾语)
          stress句型汇总
          be stressed out
          be under a lot of stress
          take/stand the stress忍受压力
          put stress on sth.强调
          两个“弥补”
          make up for
          compensate for
          五个“在...…看来”
          in one’s opinion
          to one’s mind
          in one’s view
          in one’s eye
          according to sb
          三个“丢”
          be lost
          be missing
          be gone
          八个“著名”
          be famous for sth
          be famous to sb
          be famous as
          be famous to sb. as
          be known for sth
          be known to sb
          be known as
          be known to sb. as
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发表于 2018-9-29 01:27:42 | 显示全部楼层

          四个“满意”
          be satisfied with
          be pleased with
          be happy with
          be delighted with
          四个“为……而高兴”
          be pleased for sb
          be happy for sb
          be glad for sb
          be delighted for sth
          两个“祝贺”
          congratulate sb. on sth
          congratulations to sb. on sth
          两个“道歉”
          apologize to sb. for sth
          make an apology to sb. for sth
          三个“玩得高兴”
          have fun (doing sth)
          enjoy oneself
          七个“一……就……”
          as soon as
          the moment
          the minute
          the instant
          immediately
          instantly
          directly
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发表于 2018-9-29 03:00:27 | 显示全部楼层

          100条中国成语俗语的翻译
          1. 爱屋及乌
          Love me, love my dog.
          2. 百闻不如一见
          One look is worth a thousand words.Seeing is believing.
          3. 比上不足,比下有余
          to fall short of the best, but be better than the worst
          4. 笨鸟先飞
          A slow sparrow should make an early start.
          5. 不遗余力
          spare no effort; go all out; do one's best
          6. 不打不成交
          No discord, no concord.
          7. 拆东墙补西墙
          rob Peter to pay Paul
          8. 辞旧迎新
          bid farewell to the old and usher in the new
          9. 大事化小,小事化了
          try first to make their mistake sound less serious and then to reduce it to
nothing at all
          10. 大开眼界
          broaden one's horizon; be an eye-opener
          11. 国泰民安
          the country flourishes and people live in peace
          12. 过犹不及
          going beyond the limit is as bad as falling short; excess is just as bad as
deficiency;too much is as bad as too little
          13. 好了伤疤忘了疼
          once on shore, one prays no more
          14. 好事不出门,坏事传千里
          Bad news travels fast.
          15. 和气生财
          harmony brings wealth;friendliness is conducive to business success
          16. 活到老学到老
          never too old to learn
          17. 既往不咎
          let bygones be bygones
          18. 金无足赤,人无完人
          There are spots even on the sun.
          19. 金玉满堂
          Treasures fill the home.
          20. 脚踏实地
          be down-to-earth
          21. 脚踩两只船
          sit on the fence; be a fence-sitter; have a foot in either camp
          22. 君子之交淡如水
          A hedge between keeps friendship green.
          23. 老生常谈,陈词滥调
          cut and dried; cliché
          24. 礼尚往来
          Courtesy calls for reciprocity.
          25. 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧
          Where there is life, there is hope.
          26. 马到成功
          achieve immediate victory; win instant success
          27. 名利双收
          gain both fame and wealth
          28. 茅塞顿开
          be suddenly enlightened
          29. 没有规矩,不成方圆
          Nothing can be accomplished without norms or standards.
          30. 每逢佳节倍思亲
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发表于 2018-9-29 03:34:59 | 显示全部楼层

          On festive occasions more than ever one thinks of one's dear ones far
away.
          31. 谋事在人,成事在天
          Man proposes; God disposes.
          32. 弄巧成拙
          make a fool of oneself in trying to be smart
          33. 赔了夫人又折兵
          suffer a double loss; lose the bait along with the fish
          34. 抛砖引玉
          a modest spur to induce others to come forward with valuable contributions;
throw a sprat to catch a whale
          35. 破釜沉舟
          cut off all means of retreat;burn one's own way of retreat and be
determined to fight to the end
          36. 抢得先机
          take the preemptive opportunities
          37. 巧妇难为无米之炊
          One can't make bricks without straw.
          38. 千里之行始于足下
          a thousand-li journey begins with the first step--the highest eminence is
to be gained step by step
          39. 前事不忘,后事之师
          Past experience, if not forgotten, is a guide for the future.
          40. 前怕狼,后怕虎
          fear wolves ahead and tigers behind; hesitate in doing something
          41. 强龙难压地头蛇
          The mighty dragon is no match for the native serpent.
          42. 瑞雪兆丰年
          A fall of seasonal snow gives promise of a fruitful year.
          43. 人逢喜事精神爽
          People are in high spirits when involved in happy events.
          44. 世上无难事,只怕有心人
          Where there is a will, there is a way.
          45. 世外桃源
          a retreat away from the turmoil of the world
          46. 人之初,性本善
          Humans are born good.
          47. 上有天堂,下有苏杭
          Just as there is paradise in heaven, there are Suzhou and Hangzhou on
earth.
          48. 塞翁失马,焉知非福
          a blessing in disguise;Every cloud has a silver lining.
          49. 三十而立
          A man should be independent at the age of thirty. /At thirty, a man should
be able to think for himself.
          50. 水涨船高
          A ship rises with the tide.
          51. 时不我待
          Time and tide wait for no man.
          52. 杀鸡用牛刀
          use a steam-hammer to crack nuts
          53. 实事求是
          seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts
          54. 说曹操,曹操到
          speak of the devil
          55. 实话实说
          speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is
          56. 实践是检验真理的唯一标准
          Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.
          57. 韬光养晦
          hide one's capacities and bide one's time
          58. 糖衣炮弹
          sugar-coated bullets
          59. 天有不测风云
          Anything unexpected may happen/ a bolt from the blue
          60. 团结就是力量
          Unity is strength.
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发表于 2018-9-29 04:13:37 | 显示全部楼层

          61. 跳进黄河洗不清
          Even if one jumped into the Yellow River, one can not wash oneself clean -
there's nothing one can do to clear one's name.
          62. 歪风邪气
          unhealthy trends and vulgar practices
          63. 物以类聚,人以群分
          Birds of a feather flock together.
          64. 望子成龙
          hold high hopes for one's child
          65. 唯利是图
          seek nothing but profits; be blind to all but one's own interests
          66. 无中生有
          a sheer fabrication out of nothing; fabricate rumors out of thin air
          67. 无风不起浪
          There are no waves without wind. Nothing comes of nothing.
          68. 徇私枉法
          twist the law to suit one's own purpose
          69. 新官上任三把火
          a new broom sweeps clean
          70. 蓄势待发
          accumulate strength for a take-off
          71. 心想事成
          May all your wish come true.
          72. 心照不宣
          have a tacit understanding; thoroughly understand each other, without
having exchanged a word of explanation
          73. 先入为主
          First impressions are firmly entrenched.
          74. 先下手为强
          He who strikes first gains the advantage.The best defense is offense.
          75. 热锅上的蚂蚁
          ants on a hot pan
          76. 现身说法
          warn people by taking oneself as an example
          77. 息事宁人
          pour oil on troubled waters; patch up a quarrel and reconcile the parties
concerned
          78. 循序渐进
          proceed in an orderly way and step by step; advance gradually in due
order
          79. 严以律己,宽以待人
          be strict with oneself and lenient with others
          80. 有情人终成眷属
          Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well.
          81. 有钱能使鬼推磨
          Money makes the mare go./ Money talks.
          82. 有识之士
          a man of insight
          83. 有勇无谋
          bold but not crafty
          84. 有缘千里来相会
          Separated as we are thousands of miles apart, we come together as if by
predestination.
          85. 与时俱进
          keep pace with the times
          86. 以人为本
          people-oriented
          87. 因材施教
          teach students according to their aptitude
          88. 欲穷千里目,更上一层楼
          to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further; Ascend further,
were you to look farther.
          89. 欲速则不达
          Haste makes waste.More haste, less speed.
          90. 优胜劣汰
          survival of the fittest
          91. 英雄所见略同
          Great minds think alike.
          92. 冤家宜解不宜结
          Better make friends than make enemies.
          93. 冤假错案
          cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or
sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases
          94. 一言既出,驷马难追
          A promise is a promise.A real man never goes back on his words.
          95. 招财进宝
          bring in wealth and treasure
          96. 债台高筑
          become debt-ridden
          97. 众矢之的
          target of public criticism
          98. 纸上谈兵
          be an armchair strategist
          99. 纸包不住火
          You can't wrap fire in paper.What's done by night appears by day.
          100. 左右为难
          caught in a dilemma; between the devil and the deep blue sea
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