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研究:世界上一半以上的海龟都吃过塑料制品 别再乱扔垃圾啦!

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发表于 2018-9-22 22:30:19 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  More than half of the world’s sea turtles have eaten plastic, an Australian
study has found.
          澳大利亚的一项研究发现,世界上一半以上的海龟都吃过塑料制品。
          The analysis of 1,000 sea turtles by Australia’s peak scientific body, the
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), found that
52 percent of the reptiles have eaten plastic.
          澳大利亚最高科学机构联邦科学与工业研究组织(CSIRO)对1000只海龟进行了分析,发现这种动物里52%都吃过塑料。
          Researchers found that a sea turtle that had eaten only one piece of
plastic had a 22 percent chance of dying as a result.
          研究人员发现,哪怕只吃过一块塑料,也因此会导致海龟有22%的死亡几率。
          Once a turtle had consumed 14 pieces of plastic, there was a 50 percent
chance it would die as a result.
          一旦海龟吃了14块塑料,就有50%的可能性会因此而死亡。
          "We knew that turtles were consuming a lot of plastic, but we didn’t know
for certain whether that plastic actually caused the turtles’ deaths, or whether
the turtles just happened to have plastic in them when they died," CSIRO Oceans
and Atmosphere Principal Research Scientist Chris Wilcox said in a media release
on Friday.
          “我们知道海龟吃进了大量的塑料,但我们不确定这种塑料是否真的导致了海龟的死亡,或者海龟死亡时是否碰巧有塑料,”CSIRO
海洋与气候首席研究科学家克里斯.威尔考克斯周五在一份媒体报告中表示。
          "Millions of tonnes of plastic debris is entering our world’s oceans on a
yearly basis," and "the better we understand the issue, the better equipped we
are to address the problem, and work towards viable, scalable solutions."
          “每年有数百万吨的塑料碎片进入我们的海洋,”并且“我们对这个问题了解得更多,我们就更能解决这个问题,并努力寻找可行的、可扩展的解决方案。”
          Unsurprisingly, the team found that the chances of a turtle dying increased
with every piece of plastic they ate.
          不出所料,该团队发现,随着他们每多吃一块塑料,死亡的几率都会增加。
          According to the World Economic Forum (WEF), the amount of plastic in the
world’s oceans has doubled in the last 20 years.
          根据世界经济论坛(WEF)的数据,过去20年来,世界海洋中的塑料数量翻了一番。
          The WEF found that oceans would contain more plastic than fish by 2050 if
pollution continues at the current rate.
          世界经济论坛发现,如果污染以目前的速度继续下去,到2050年海洋中的塑料将比鱼还要多。
          "Even a single piece of plastic can kill a turtle," Kathy Townsend, an
animal ecology lecturer at the University of the Sunshine Coast, said.
          “即便是一块塑料也可以杀死一只乌龟,”阳光海岸大学动物生态学讲师Kathy Townsend说。
          "Some of the turtles we studied had eaten only one piece of plastic, which
was enough to kill it. In one case, the gut was punctured, and in the other, the
soft plastic clogged the gut."
          “我们研究过的一些海龟只吃了一块塑料,这足以杀死它。一种情况是肠道被刺破了,还有一种可能是,软塑料堵塞了肠道。”
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