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2018年6月英语四级冲刺模拟题及答案(五)

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发表于 2018-5-31 22:51:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
          Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by
some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices
marked A),B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the
corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the
centre.
          Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
          At dawn on September 5th, 1972 a band of “Black September” Arab guerrillas
broke into the Israeli building in the Olympic village near Munich where 10,000
athletes were staying. Over 250 plain clothes police had been brought into the
village, following a tip off of trouble ahead, but none of them saw the Arabs
scale the fence. They burst into the Israeli building with submachine guns
blazing at 5:10 am. Some Israeli athletes escaped through the windows and side
doors. Nine were taken hostage. The guerrillas demanded the release of 200
Palestinians held in
          Israeli jails and a safe passage out of Germany. Within hours the Olympic
village was surrounded by 13000 police. The Olympic Games were suspended. After
some negotiations, the terrorists were told they would be flown with their
hostages to an Arab country. They were taken by helicopter to the Furstenfield
military airport 25 miles from Munich. Just before midnight the guerrillas and
their hostages began to walk across the tarmac to a waiting Boeing 727 aircraft.
Suddenly al the airport lights were turned out and German police sharp shooters
opened fire. The rescue attempt failed tragically. In the gun battle all nine
hostages were killed, as well as four Arabs and one policeman. Three Arabs were
captured and one escaped into the nearby woods. On the 8th, Israeli planes
bombed ten guerilla bases in revenge for Munich massacre.
          21.The most possible reason for Israeli athletes being attacked and
kidnapped is that ____.
          A.they had a conflict with the Arab guerrillas
          B.the Arab guerrillas wanted to save the Palestinians held in Israeli
jails
          C.the German Government hated Israel
          D.the Arab guerrillas hoped to get a large sum of money
          22.When the trouble took place, the Olympic Games ____.
          A.were completed B.were going on
          C.were to be finished D.were to take place
          23.The terrorists were told that they would be probably sent by air to
____.
          A.ItalyB.India
          C.SyriaD.Nigera
          24.How many Arabs were there as terrorists?
          A.Seven.B.Eight.
          C.Nine. D.It wasn’t mentioned.
          25.What do you think Palestine and Israel would act next?
          A.They would begin another conflict.
          B.They would begin to negotiate.
          C.They would try to improve each other’s relation.
          D.They would turn to UN.
            
            
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发表于 2018-5-31 23:45:14 | 显示全部楼层

          Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
          Follow the following tips to reduce your stress to manageable levels! Avoid
“Must” think. Let go of the notion that you must do something in a certain
way—for example, “I must get a great score on a test, or else.” This thought
pattern only adds to the stress you’ll feel. Evaluate your situation coldly and
analytically, and not as a “life or death” situation. Watch the Mess. Don’t
study in a messy or cramped area. Clear yourself a nice, open space that’s free
of distractions. Set Manageable Goals. Break large projects into smaller and
doable parts and you’ll feel a positive sense of accomplishment as you finish
each part.
          Ocean Dumping. Visualize yourself walking on a beautiful beach, carrying a
sand pail. Stop at a good spot and put your worries into the pail. Drop the pail
and watch as it drifts away into the ocean. Think Good Thoughts. Create a set of
positive but brief affirmations and mentally repeat them to yourself just before
you fall asleep at night, and you will feel a lot more positive in the morning.
Imagine
          Yourself Succeeding. Close your eyes and remember a real life situation in
which you did well. Imagine facing your stressful situation with the same
feelings of confidence. Use Your Bed for Sleeping, not Studying. Your mind may
start to associate your bed with work, which will make it harder for you to fall
asleep.
          Soothing Sounds. If you want to play music, keep it low in the background.
Classical music especially can aid the learning process. Take a Hike, Pal. Need
a study break? Take a short, brisk walk. Clear your mind.
          26.If you meet a great difficulty, how can you reduce your stress?
          A.To retreat from it.
          B.To imagine that you are successful.
          C.To turn to others.
          D.To divide it into small parts and finish them one after another.
          27.“Ocean Dumping” really means ____.
          A.putting things into the ocean
          B.forgetting one’s worries
          C.swimming in the ocean
          D.sailing across the ocean
          28.The passage might be taken from ____.
          A.a science fiction B.a report of a psychologist
          C.a popular magazineD.a text book
          29.According to the passage, which kind of people are easy to come under
pressure?
          A.Open minded people.B.People with tidy habbits.
          C.Self confident people. D.Work addicts.
          30.As for the following statements about how to reduce one’s stress, which
one hasn’t been mentioned?
          A.To work in a nice and neat environment.
          B.To smile when one fails.
          C.To divide an object into small parts.
          D.To have a rest after a long time’s work.
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 01:18:57 | 显示全部楼层

          Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
          It isn’t often that an entire industry is symbolized in the figure of a
single human being, and such is the case with Canadian aviation and the aircraft
industry. The man is the Hon. John A.D.McCurdy, and the life story of this still
vigorous, distinguished Canadian is at once and at the same time the thrilling
history of aviation’s progress in Canada.
          It all began one cold February day in 1909 at Baddeck, Nova Scotia, when
John McCurdy confounded the critics by flying the Silver Dart, an aircraft
designed by himself, for half a mile over the ice of Bras deor Lakes. This was
the first powered flight in Canada and the first by a British subject in the
Commonwealth.
          McCurdy gave proof of his flying ability—and of the development and the use
of the aileron by being the first man in the world to execute a figure eight in
the air. He became the first to pilot a flying boat, taking off from Long Island
Sound. He flew the first airplane to Mexico. In 1911 he had made the longest
flight to date, and that over open sea 90 miles from Key West to Havana. He won
the first cross country race in Canada 40 miles from Hamilton to Toronto—and he
transmitted the first radio message from aircraft.
          When World War Ⅱ came, McCurdy took on board supervisory authority for
Canadian aircraft production by serving with the government in various senior
positions.
          Following World War Ⅱ, McCurdy was honored by being made lieutenant
governor of Nova Scotia where he made Canada’s first historic flight. He now
lives in Montreal with a summer home in Baddeck, site of his first flight.
          31.According to the pasage, which of the following statements is NOT true
about McCurdy?
          A.He was a Canadian.
          B.He is regarded as the symbol of Canadian aviation and aircraft
industry.
          C.He is the first man to finish a figure eight in the air.
          D.He now lives in Baddeck.
          32.The “Silver Dart” is ____.
          A.the name of a weapon
          B.a plane bought by McCurdy
          C.the nickname of a famous Canadian pilot
          D.a plane designed by McCurdy
          33.McCurdy is NOT the first one to ____.
          A.fly in Canada
          B.pilot a flying boat
          C.fly from Key West to Toronto
          D.fly to Mexico
          34.Nowadays, McCurdy ____.
          A.lives in Montreal in summer
          B.is the lieutenant governor of Nova Scotia
          C.is still very active and energetic
          D.is the government’s counsellor
          35.The best title for this passage is ____.
          A.How McCurdy Became a Famous Canadian Pilot
          B.McCurdy’s Legendary Experience
          C.McCurdy and the Canandian Aviation
          D.McCurdy—the Symbol of American Aviation and the Aircraft Industry
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 02:12:21 | 显示全部楼层

          Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
          The oldest and simplest method, then of describing differences in
personality was to classify people according to types, and such a system is
called a Typology.
          A famous example of this method was set forth in Greece about the year 400
BC.
          A physician named Hippocrates theorized that there were four fluids, or
humors, in the body. Corresponding to each humor, he believed, there existed a
definite type of personality.
          The four humors were blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm. A person
in whom all four humors were in perfect balance had a harmonious personality. If
a person had too much blood, he was called sanguine(血红色), or cheerful and
optimistic. Someone with too much yellow bile was choleric, or irritable and
easily angered. Too much black bile made a person melancholy, or depressed and
pessimistic. An oversupply of phlegm caused a human being to be phlegmatic, or
slow and unfeeling. Scientists have long since discarded Hippocrates’ fluid
theory. But the names of the humors, corresponding to these temperaments, have
survived and are still useful, to some extent, in describing personality.
          Other features of people, such as their faces and physics, have also been
used to classify personality. Today, however, personality theories and
classifications may also include factors such as heredity(遗传特征), the
environment, intelligence, and emotional needs. Psychology, biology, and
sociology are involved in these theories. Because of the complexity of human
personality, present day theories are often very different from one another.
Psychologists vary in their ideas about what is most important in determining
personality.
          36.According to Hippocrates’ fluid theory, a man with too much phlegm will
be ____.
          A.optimistic B.easily angered
          C.unexcitable D.pessimistic
          37.The main idea of this passage is about ____.
          A.the complicated factors in determining one’s personality
          B.Hippocrates’ fluid theory and its development
          C.the past and today of personality classifications and theories
          D.different personalities and their details
          38.At present, psychologists ____.
          A.have common opinion about personality theories and classifications
          B.use biology, archaeology and sociology to study personality theories
          C.have abandoned Hippocrates’ fluid theory entirely
          D.all agree that human beings are characterized with complex
personalities
          39.The third paragraph mainly talks about ____.
          A.Hippocrates’ fluid theory
          B.scientists’ points of view on Hippocrutes’ fluid theory
          C.Hippocrates’ fluid theory and its fate
          D.defects in Hippocrates’ fluid theory
          40.According to this passage the factors which are still NOT used to
classify personality are ____.
          A.one’s born features and needs of love and success
          B.one’s height and weight
          C.one’s hobbies and ideals
          D.the environment and intelligence
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 03:06:47 | 显示全部楼层

          Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
          Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each
sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D). Choose the one answer
that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the
Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
          41.Though badly damaged by fire, the palace was eventually ____ to its
original splendour.
          A.repaired B.renewed C.restored D.renovated
          42.High speed aircraft is made of metals that can ____ both high tempe
rature and pressure.
          A.stand by B.put up with
          C.withhold D.withstand
          43.Before the arrival of the white man, Australia was ____ only by
Aborigines.
          A.lived B.resided C.dwelled D.inhabited
          44.The ____ of new scientific discoveries to industrial production methods
usually make jobs easier to do.
          A.addition B.association C.application D.affection
          45.In the bitter cold, the explorers managed to ____ despite the shortage
of food.
          A.live B.survive C.bear D.endure
          46.John wants to dispose ____ his old car and buy a new one.
          A.on B.in C.of D.to
          47.After my examination, I had a feeling of ____.
          A.free B.release C.resort D.replace
          48.He failed his exam; it ____ him right because he had not studied for the
whole semester.
          A.served B.gave C.taught D.showed
          49.He mumbled something and blushed as though a secret had been ____.
          A.imposed B.exposed C.composed D.opposed
          50.It is ____ practice to bring a present to the hostess when one is
invited to dinner.
          A.general B.usual C.ordinary D.common
          51.Safety devices ____ in preventing accidents in the workshop.
          A.assist B.assure C.assemble D.contribute
          52. ____, it is quite easy to drill a hole in it with a eraser.
          A.Hard a diamond is B.Hard as a diamond is
          C.As a diamond is hardB.How hard is a diamond
          53.When you go to a new country, you must ____ yourself to new mannersand
customs.
          A.adopt B.fit C.suit D.adapt
          54.The hotel ____ only $50 for a double room in the slack season.
          A.claims B.prices C.charges D.demands
          55.Mr. Morgan can be very sad ____, though in public he is extremely
cheerful.
          A.in person B.in private
          C.by himself D.as individual
          56.The father lost his ____ just because his son failed again in the final
exam.
          A.mind B.mood C.passion D.temper
          57.It was urgent that he ____ her immediately.
          A.calls B.called C.call D.would call
          58.He is of a ____ mood; he never finishes what he starts.
          A.different B.variable C.various D.distinctive
          59.An Olympic Marathon is 26 miles and 385 yards, approximately ____ from
Marathon to Athens.
          A.the distance B.distance
          C.the distance is D.is the distance
          60.He is a man you can rely on. He never goes back on his ____.
          A.word B.words C.permission D.saying
          61.Although the examination he had passed was unimportant, his success____
him in his later study.
          A.persuaded B.promised C.urged D.encouraged
          62.I hope to hear more about the activities ____ there.
          A.going on B.being gone on
          C.being happened D.to be happened
          63. You should____ these tables and buy new ones.
          A.throw off B.throw down
          C.throw upD.throw away
          64.I don’t think I know the girl with long hair although she ____ me of
someone I know.
          A.remembers B.recalls C.suggests D.reminds
          65.Some discussion has ____ about who should be put in charge of this
project.
          A.risen B.lifted C.raised D.arisen
          66.There are some ____ flowers on the desk.
          A.artificial B.false C.unreal D.untrue
          67.It is a ____ to hear his speech.
          A.bored B.bore C.boring D.boresome
          68.____ their suggestions, we will discuss them fully at the next
meeting.
          A.In regard for B.In regard to
          C.With regard of D.Regardless for
          69.Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people ____ harm
them.
          A.more than B.better than
          C.other than D.rather than
          70.How many more decades will have to pass ____ scientists succeed in
providing a cure for cancer?
          A.when B.since C.before D.until
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 04:06:34 | 显示全部楼层

          Part Ⅳ Cloze (15 minutes)
          Directions:
          There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four
choices marked A),B),C) and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into
the passage.
          By now you know that ___ (71) ___ your money’s worth is not just a matter
of luck. It is more often the ___ (72) ___ of buying skill.___ (73) ___ , even
the smartest consumers are sometimes fooled into thinking they are getting their
money’s worth ___ (74) ___ they are not. At one time or another, almost everyone
experiences deception in the marketp lace. The deception may not be ___ (75) ___
. But, intentional or not,any kind of deception ___ (76) ___ consumer’s pocket
books. Some kinds endanger their health and safety as well. ___ (77) ___ ,
consumers need protection against the marketing of unsafe goods and false or
misleading a dvertising. Fortunately, there are both public and ___ (78) ___
agencies working to meet the need.
          Government’s job in free enterprise system is to protect the public
interest.
          The public is ___ (79) ___ entirely of consumers. When it ___ (80) ___ to
protecting consumers, therefore, government has the ___ (81) ___ influence. ___
(82) ___ most consumer products are sold___ (83) ___ , the major responsibility
for consumer protection is___ (84) ___ by the federal government. That
responsibility, however,is ___ (85) ___ by many agencies. For example, the US
Postal Service works to uncover and stop dishonest ___ (86) ___ operated by
mail. The National Highway Safety Bureau is ___ (87) ___ with all aspects of
automobile safety. Certain federal agencies, however, have consumer protection
as one of their chief purposes. Four of these are described below.
          Most federal agencies are known ___ (88) ___ their initials. FDA stands for
the Food and Drug Administration, which probably does more to protect consumers
than any other agency. Its major concern is the safety, purity, and labelling of
___ (89) ___ , drugs, and cosmetics. These are the products___ (90) ___ which
consumers spend an estimated 38% of their incomes.
          71.A.letting B.making C.getting D.becoming
          72.A.consequence B.method
          C.reason D.result
          73.A.Therefore B.Nevertheless
          C.Furthermore D.Besides
          74.A.as B.when C.since D.even
          75.A.intentional B.deadly
          C.dangerous D.harmful
          76.A.hurts B.ruins C.spoils D.injures
          77.A.Generally B.Similarly
          C.Obviously D.Exceptionally
          78.A.personal B.private C.secret D.state
          79.A.composed B.made C.consisted D.constituted
          80.A.arrives B.gets C.comes D.goes
          81.A.basic B.apparent C.least D.most
          82.A.If B.Although C.Unless D.Because
          83.A.nationally B.locally
          C.intentionally D.extensively
          84.A.assured B.assumed C.ensured D.insured
          85.A.caught B.shared C.divided D.separated
          86.A.hints B.warnings C.cautions D.schemes
          87.A.related B.concerned C.charged D.decided
          88.A.by B.to C.as D.for
          89.A.foods B.grains C.meats D.fruits
          90.A.on B.in C.by D.for
          Part Ⅴ Writing
          Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition
on the topic “Migrant Workers”. You should write no less than 100 words and you
should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.
          1.打工仔给城市生活带来的巨大变化。
          2.但打工仔也给城市生活带来了一些问题。
          3.我们应采取正确态度来解决这些问题。
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 04:20:44 | 显示全部楼层

          答案
          Part Ⅱ
          1
          短文大意
          此短文主要介绍奥林匹克运动会史上的一件惨案。1972年9月5日,居住在德国慕尼黑附近的奥运村里的以色列运动员遭到“黑色九月”阿拉伯游击队员的袭击。有9名运动员被扣为人质。此行动的意图是营救关在以色列监狱中的200多名巴勒斯坦人。在谈判的同时,德国警方实施营救活动,但遭惨败。枪战中9名人质全被打死,随后以色列为进行报复,又随派飞机轰炸了10个阿拉伯游击队基地。
          21.答案B。
          【参考译文】 以色列运动员遭到袭击和绑架最可能的原因是……
【试题分析】此题考查学生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。【详细解答】先找有关细节,解题的关键在第四句,意为“游击队员要求释放关在以色列监狱里的200多名巴勒斯坦人并安全离开德国”。这样,我们就可以来分析选项了。A项说“因为以色列运动员和游击队有冲突。”这是事实,因为文章讲的就是,但这不是原因,故不能选。再看B项“阿拉伯游击队意在营救被关押在以色列监狱中的巴勒斯坦人”,属实,现在看C、D项是否更确切。C项说“德国政府憎恨以色列人”,风马牛不相及。而D项“阿拉伯游击队想要一大笔钱”,显然也不是他们的目的。现在就可确定B为正确答案无疑。
          22.答案B。【参考答案】事件发生的时候,奥林匹克运动会可能……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据已知信息进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】根据第七句可知,奥运会赛事被中止。这不正意味着当时奥运会正在进行吗?
          这样,我们就可以来对选项进行取舍了。A项“结束了”,显然不对。C项“即将结束”,虽然也有正在进行之意,但概括得又太具体,所以也不能选。而D项“即将发生”,更不对。这样就只剩下B项,其意为“正在进行”,正是作者的隐含看法,所以正确无疑。
          23.答案C。【参考答案】恐怖分子被告知,他们即将被空运到……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“理解文章中某些细节”的能力。【详细解答】根据选项,结合问题,可知选项涉及到国名。再看原文,发现第10句是关键句:恐怖分子被告知飞往某一个阿拉伯国家。特别注意“阿拉伯国家”五个字。好了,现在我们就可以来分析选项了。去掉不属于阿拉伯国家的选项,就可以得出正确答案。A项“意大利”,B项“印度”,D项“尼日利亚”,都不属于阿拉伯国家。这样就只剩下C项,而“叙利亚”正好属于阿拉伯国家。从此题的选择过程中,我们可以体会到,多掌握一些英语背景知识如地理的、文化的、历史的等等,对提高学习成绩很有帮助。
          24.答案B。【参考答案】阿拉伯恐怖分子共有几名?【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据某些细节进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】此题涉及到数字,要考虑到有可能进行简单计算。先找有关细节。根据倒数第三句和第二句可以知道:(在警察实施营救时,)4个阿拉伯人被击毙,3个被捕,1个逃跑,所以有4+3+1=8个。这样就可以一目了然地找到正确答案为B。D为干扰性较强的选项。注意在解答此类题时不要遗漏数字。
          25.答案A。【参考答案】你认为在此次事件以后,巴以双方的关系将会……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据已知事实进行推测”的能力。【详细解答】解答此题应具有一定的逻辑推理能力。通读全文,可知阿拉伯国家
(以巴勒斯坦为代表)与以色列关系紧张。而经过此次冲突,以及以色列的报复,关系可能会更加恶化。据此,我们就可对选项进行辨析取舍了。A项说“他们将可能挑起另一次冲突”,与我们的分析及作者的暗示相吻合。再看还有没有更合适的选项,B项说“他们将可能开始谈判”有点可能,但既然以色列刚报复过,阿拉伯、巴勒斯坦会就此罢休吗?所以与A相比,应排除。再看C项“他们将尽量改善彼此的关系”也不合事实。而D项“他们将诉诸于联合国”,可能性也不大。所以可断定A为正确答案无疑。
            
            
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          2
          短文大意本文主要介绍如何缓解压力。作者给出了9点建议。第一,避免“必须”的想法;第二,注意不要杂乱;第三,制定可行的目标;第四,将烦恼倒入海中;第五,往好处想;第六,想像自己正在获得成功;第七,上床睡觉,不要考虑别的事;第八,听听舒缓的音乐;最后一点,去转一圈吧,朋友。这是一篇心理学性质的科普短文。
          26.答案D。【参考答案】如果现在遇到了一个大难题,你将如何来缓解压力?【试题分析】
此题考查学生“运用材料中的事实进行推测”的能力。【详细解答】根据问题所问内容,可知解答此题的关键在第六点建议上,制定可行的目标。也就是说在遇到较
大任务时将其分为几个小目标,逐个完成。现在我们就可以来分析选项了。A项说“知难而退”,显然不正确。B项说“想像自己正获得成功”,是作者的建议,但用在这里又不太合适,先标出。再看C项“向别人求助”,文章中没有提。再看D项“将难题分为几个小部分,逐一解决”,正是我们根据文章内容得出的对策。这题,将B项与D项比较,还是以D项更合理贴切,所以选D。
          27.答案B。【参考答案】“Ocean Dumping”的真正含义是……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据上下文推测生词含义”的能力。【详细解答】首先找“Ocean
Dumping”在文中的位置,为作者第四条建议的标题。只看标题,或许还不能理解此词组的正确含义。为“倒入海中,还是在海里游泳……”。但再看下文对这一建议的具体阐述,我
们可以断定,作者意在说“将烦恼忘掉”,而海只是一种想象,或激起联想的媒介。这样就可以判断A项“把东西放入大海”,太笼统,也是字面理解。再看B项
“忘掉烦恼”,这正是作者的意思,这样也就不必看C、D项了。而C项“在大海里游泳”,D项“在海上航行”,显然是凭字面意思的错误理解,都不正确。
          28.答案C。【参考答案】此文可能选自……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据材料进行推理”的能力。【详细解答】解答此类题一方面涉及到对文章主旨的把握,一方面也涉及到文章体裁、风格的认识,属于文章鉴赏方面
的要求,有一定难度。根据文章内容、体裁及风格推断此文章属于科普说明文。而这只是确定答案的第一步,接下来就要考查我们对不同书刊上应包含什么样的文章这一知识的掌握了。现在来分析选项。A项说“科幻小说”,显然不正确,因为文章没有丝毫科幻内容。看B项“心理学家的报告”,有道理,因为内容确属于心理学方面的。但此文是否有点太通俗了,科学家的报告一般应使用大量的术语,只好先标出。再看C项“一本流行杂志”。这样的刊物应该内容广泛,有影视动态,有人生品味,也应有心理咨询方面的,所以与B项相比,更好一点。最后看D项“一本教科书”。如此短小的文章,似乎不应列入教科书上的范文。这样分析下来,C
项应为最佳答案。
          29.答案D。【参考答案】根据文章,下列哪一种人易有压力?【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据事实进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】解决此题时首先要了解全文的主旨和大意,特别注意作者提到的九点建议。现在来进行选择。A项“心胸
开阔的人”,这样的人,按常理也不会有太多压力,而且作者的第一、第七条建议都涉及到一个人性格与压力的关系。据此可以排除。看B项“一个有整洁习惯的
人”,这不是在作者的第二条建议中涉及到了吗?既然整洁环境可以缓解压力,一具有整洁习惯的人也不会有太多压力,故也应排除。再看C项“自信的人”,也不
正确。这样D项理应是选项了。看其内容“工作狂”,显然,这样的人易有压力,作者在最后一条建议中已暗示了这一点。所以可确定D项为正确答案无疑。
          30.答案B。【参考答案】下列关于缓解压力的建议中,哪一项没有在文章中提及?【试题分析】
此题考查学生“利用已知信息进行判断”的能力。【详细解答】解答此题的方法与上题类似。先通读全文,明白作者在文中提到了哪条建议。我们在做29题时已做
了这项工作,所以现在就可以直接来看选项了。A项“在一个整洁优雅的环境中工作”,显然是作者的第二条建议,所以排除。B项“失败时微笑”,这可能是一条比较好的建议,但文中并没有提及,所以应为选项。为确证,再看一下C项和D项,可知分别为第三、第九项建议中内容所以也应排除,这样就可确定B为正确答案
无疑。
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 06:06:17 | 显示全部楼层

          3短文大意
此文主要介绍了加拿大人McCurdy的传奇经历。McCurdy的一生是与加拿大的航空与飞机制造业的发展紧密相关的。他在一生中完成了许多航空史上的第一。1909年,他驾驶自己设计的Silver
Dart飞机完成了加拿大历史上第一次飞行。以后又成为第一个在空中作8字飞行的人。他也是世界上第一个驾驶飞艇的人。1911年,他又完成了世界上有史以来最长的飞行。二战时,他在加拿大飞机制造监管部门担当要职。战后被任命为Nova
Scotia 州的副州长。因为他的杰出成就,他的肖像成为加拿大航空业和飞机制造业的标志。
          31.答案D。【参考答案】根据短文,关于McCurdy 的说法,哪一项是不正确的?【试题分析】
此题考查学生“对事实的辨认”能力。【详细解答】解决此题的关键在于找到有关事实,然后看选项中的说法是否属实。现在看选项。A项说“他是一个加拿大
人”,从第一段即可确定属实,故排除,因为问题是问哪一项不属于事实。再看B项“他被视作加拿大航空和飞机制造业的象征”,也可在第一段第一句得到确证,
故也排除。C项“他是世界上第一个作8字飞行的人”,从第三段第一句得知属实,也不能选。现在只剩下D项。其内容为“他现在住在Baddeck”,看最后一段最后一句可知他现在住在Montreal,所以不符合事实,故为正确答案无疑。
          32.答案D。【参考答案】Silver Dart是……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据上下文推断生词含义”的能力。【详细解答】此题解答只需根据上下文进行合理分析推断,一般就可以找到正确答案。“Silver
Dart”所在的位置为第二段第一句,紧接在此短语后的逗号之后有“一架飞机”一词,故可以断定:Silver
Dart为一架飞机,因为两者互为同位关系。据此可以排除A项“一种武器的名称”及C项“一位著名加拿大飞行员的绰号”(此选项有一定迷惑性)。现在只剩
B、D项,逐个分析。我们再根据下文的内容可知,Silver
Dart为McCurdy自己设计的,这样就可以把B项“McCurdy购买的飞机”排除掉。D项“McCurdy自己设计的飞机”,正为选项。解答此题时注意避免一看到“飞机”二字就选B项,以致功亏一篑。
          33.答案C。【参考答案】McCurdy不是第一个……【试题分析】此题考查学生“对某些细节的把握”的能力。【详细解答】先找到选项涉及
的细节,再逐一进行判断取舍。先看A项“在加拿大飞行”,从第二段最后一句可以确证,故排除。B项“架驶飞艇”,据第三段第二句可以将其排除。现在看C项 “从Key
West 飞往Toronto”,参看第三段倒数第二句可知,是从“Key
West”飞往“Havava”,所以不属实,应为选项。而D项“第一个飞到墨西哥”也能从第三段第三句得到确认。这样,C为正确选项无疑。
          34.答案C。【参考答案】McCurdy现在……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“辨认事实”的能力。【详细解答】“分辨事实类题”比较容易解答,只要找到有关事实,进行对照即可确定答案,实际上此题与上一题考查的目的及
解题方法相似。逐一分析选项。A项“夏天住在Montreal”从最后一段得知“他夏天住在Baddeck”,所以不正确。B项“是Nora Scotia
州的副州长”。从最后一段第一句可知,他是在二战结束时担任这一职务的,故也不对。再看C项“他现在仍非常活跃”,这个选项较难判断,因为有关细节不在最
后一段,容易认为是“作者没有提到”而误排除。现在我们来看第一段最后一句,方知道这是文章的事实,故是选项。也就不必看D了。实际上,D说“他是一名政府顾问”,文中没有提及,也的确不能选。
          35.答案B。【参考答案】本篇文章最好的标题是……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“掌握文章主旨和大意”的能力。【详细解答】解答此题需要具有一定的概括和推理能力。通读全文可知,文章主要讲的是加拿大人McCurdy的
传奇经历。虽然他的一生与“飞机”紧密相关,但他并不是一个纯粹的飞行员。这也是我们应该认识到的。现在来分析选项。A项“McCurdy——一名著名的
加拿大飞行员”,根据以上分析,知道此选项有失偏颇。看B项“McCurdy的传奇经历”,这正是文章的中心内容,所以合适。为了确证,再看一下C项
“McCurdy与加拿大航空业”,这显然不是文章的中心,因为文章主要还是从McCurdy个人的角度来写的,所以与B相比,也不能选。最后看D项
“McCurdy——美国航空业的象征”,这里如果把美国改成加拿大
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 06:16:58 | 显示全部楼层

          4 短文大意
          本文主要介绍了性格理论其及分类的历史和现状。首先作者介绍了最古老和最简单的性格分类理论——类型学。作者以公元前400年的古希腊物理学家
Hippocrates的液体理论为例,详细介绍了这一理论的内容。这一理论认为人体中有四种不同的液体——血液,黄胆汁,黑胆汁和粘液。每个人身体中四
种液体含量的不同情况,导致了性格的差异。现在这种理论已基本被放弃了。在最后一段,作者又介绍了性格分类理论的现况。心理学家把脸型、身体状况以及遗传因素、智力、感情需要等都纳入分类依据,也同时引入了心理学、生物学和社会学理论。但是,因为人类性格的复杂性,心理学家在性格分类理论方面及其决定因素上存在很多分歧。
36.答案C。【参考答案】根据Hippocrates的“液体理论”,身体里面粘液含量过多的人……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“根据已知事实进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】先找涉及的细节,关键词“oversupply of
phlegm”位于第三段倒数第三句。显然可知:“身体里粘液含量过多的人性格比较冷淡。”现在就可以来看选项了。A项“乐观的”,显然不对。B项“容易
发怒”,也不符合。再看C项“不容易激动的”,与“冷淡”意思很近。为了确证,再看一下D项“悲观的”,具有一定的迷惑性。因为“性格冷淡的人”应该“容
易悲观”,但也不是必然。再看一下原文,可知“有太多黑胆汁的人容易悲观”,这样就可完全把D排除在外。现在,C项为正确答案无疑。
          37.答案C。【参考答案】本文的主要内容是……【试题分析】
此题考查学生“掌握文章大意”的能力。【详细解答】首先看文章大意。本文主要介绍了“性格理论及其分类的历史和现状”,其中特别详细介绍了传统理论中的
Hippocrates的“液体理论”。这样,我们就可以对选项进行取舍了。A项是“决定一个人性格的复杂因素”,显然有失片面。再看B项
“Hippocrates的性格理论及其分类的过去和现在”,这正与我们的分析不谋而合。所以为正确答案无疑。而D项“不同的个性及其具体表现”,显然也不对。
          38.答案D。【参考答案】目前,心理学家们……【试题分析】
本题考查学生“根据细节进行判断”的能力。【详细解答】先找有关的细节,主要集中在最后一段。但具体内容很多,所以只能先看选项。A项说“对个性理论及其分类已取得了共识”,显然不对,可以以最后两句为证。再看B项“使用生物学考古学和社会学理论来研究性格理论”。这一选项具有迷惑性。因为文中说“生物学和社会学理论都被用作研究性格理论”,但没有提到“考古学”所以也应排除。选择时要避免匆忙误选。再看C项“科学家已完全放弃了Hippocrates的液体理论。”从文章第二段最后两句可知;虽然科学家已不再使用这一理论,但其中的人体内的“液体”的命名仍被沿用,故也不能认为完全放弃这一理论。现在只剩下D项“他们都认为人类的性格非常复杂”,应该为选项,而且从末段倒数第二句也可以确证。
          39.答案C。【参考答案】第三段主要讲述……【试题分析】
本题主要考查学生“掌握段落大意”的能力。【详细解答】先分析第三段,主要内容是介绍Hippocrates的液体理论的具体内容及其命运。这样我们就可来对选项进行取舍了。A项“Hippocrates的液体理论”是主要内容,但此段最后也提到了其命运。故先划出,看有没有更好的选项。现在看B项“科学家对Hippocrates液体理论的评价”,显然不是段落主要内容,故排除。再看C项“Hippocrates的液体理论和它的命运”,正是我们的分析,所以无疑是选项。也就不必看选项D了。而其内容“Hippocrates理论的缺陷”,更是答非所问。现在将A、C项相比,C项更合理,故选C。
          40.答案C。
          根据短文,下面的哪一些因素没有被用做性格的分类的依据?【试题分析】
本题考查学生“根据事实进行推断”的能力。【详细解答】注意问题中的否定词“没有”。结合问题和选项,可知所需参考的内容在最后一段。现在来分析选项。A项说“一个人的天性和情感需要”,可在文中确证,所以不能选。B项“一个人的身高和体重”,属于文中提到的“physics”方面的分类依据因素,故也排除。再看C项“一个人的业余爱好和理想”,在文中没有提及,也不能根据文中内容推定,所以不是分类依据,是为选项。而D项“(一个人)所处的环境和智力因素”,从末段第二句也可知为性格分类依赖因素,故也不正确。
            
            
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