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2018年6月英语四级模拟题及答案(五)

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发表于 2018-5-31 22:51:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Part Ⅱ
          Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
          Passage One
          Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
          Professor Kumar Bhatt, founder and head of Warwick Manufacturing
Group(WMG), and Rob Meakin, a personnel director at Marconi, have developed a
partnership to train engineers and managers to BEComee-literate. The New
Knowledge Partnership will include a team of 40 Marconi managers in what
Professor Bhatt calls electronic engineering management or E2. A wide range of
engineering and non-engineering companies has expressed interest in these
exciting programs.Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing the
business environment to a huge extent. Many chief executives do not understand
the power of the new technologies and, in some cases, are actually resisting
change. He says that “As long as enough industry leaders realize its potential
benefits, e-business will make possible a second productivity revolution in
Britain. This could take the economy close to eliminating the still substantial
competitiveness gap with its main rivals. Over the last five years in the US
there has been a 30% improvement in manufacturing sector productivity because of
information technology. In Britain we can achieve more than that and successful
e-business will be worth billions to the UK economy.”Already Britain makes more
use of computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) and management
information technology systems than other European countries, and has a
government that actively promotes e-business. But, observes Professor Bhatt,
Britain has never used technology as a growth driver. “The thing about
electronic engineering management is that you can keep your legacy systems; you
just need to link those systems with an information engine. At the touch of a
button it will allow project managers to see the status of a project, identify
problems precisely and make virtually immediate decisions based on information
that will be much more complete than in the past.”
          The E2 program is the result of an alliance by the Warwick Manufacturing
Group with America’s leading e-commerce study center,Carnegie Mellon. The latter
will be responsible for training many of the Marconi managers in America, where
the group has half its business. In Britain, Professor Bhatt has linked up with
Sun Microsystems, Oracle and Parametric Technology, to set up amulti-million
pound E2 design and manufacturing center at theuniversity which will be used for
training and research.Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing
business tosuch an extent that WMG is likely to be renamed Warwick
ElectronicManufacturing Group. But, he warns “The move to globalize because
ofe-commerce is racing ahead. Although the net allows British industryto
overtake their European peers, it also offers Asian countries toleapfrog(相互超越)
the West. For the first time it is not the privilegeof the western world because
this technology is universal.”
          21.Professor Bhatt and Rob Meakin have developed a method to___.
          A) teach electronic engineering management
          B) train employees to be acquainted with e-commerce
          C) train employees to be engineers and managers
          D) teach employees about developing a partnership
          22.How does Professor Bhatt feel about many leaders in companies?
          A) They do not understand a possible second productivity revolution in
Britain.
          B) They are excited about change.
          C) They are ready for e-business.
          D) They sometimes are against the change resulted from new
technologies.
          23.According to the passage, what do you know about e-business in
Britain?
          A)E-business has eliminated many competitive rivals.
          B)E-business has done many benefits to big companies.
          C)Many companies have joined in the E2 business program.
          D) E-business has great potential and will make changes in the country.
          24.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
          A) Britain can be competitive to US in the area of
information technology.
          B) Britain has already taken the advantages of running
engineering management.
          C) As with many other European countries, Britain has made use of
computer-aided systems.
          D) E-commerce has offered opportunities to European countries to eliminate
the competitiveness gap with all the rivals.
          25.WMG would like to change its name because ___.
          A)Britain is going to catch up with all other European countries in the
field of electronic engineering management
          B)business has been influenced so much by e-commerce
          C)the e-commerce has offered Asian countries the chance to overtake Britain
and the rest of Europe
          D)e-business is very popular and will become universal
            
            
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发表于 2018-5-31 23:56:22 | 显示全部楼层

          Passage Two
          Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
          Emotional maturity means knowing that another person cannot fill up the
hole in your heart. That is your responsibility. You need to love and affirm
yourself day-by-day, moment-by-moment. That is the spiritual challenge of your
life and everybody’s life. Without your love for yourself, nothing works. No
amount of love from your partner is enough. The search for love from other
people is like the alcoholic’s search for happiness in a bottle. The more he
drinks, the less satisfied he feels and the more he wants to drink.
          We are all addicted to falling in love. But after we’ve “fallen” a few
times and broken our emotional bones, we hopefully wise up a bit. We know that
the high of falling in love is not going to last. We know that sooner or later
we will have to get real with each other. That is the difference between romance
and partnership. Romance is an attempt to keep the addiction going. It has a
very short half-life. Partnership is the dance of two ordinary people learning
to live together day by day. It is a very challenging school that we enroll in.
It is sometimes a lot more work than play. And it certainly requires a lot more
psychological adjustment than years of therapy! We don’t just graduate from this
school in a year or two. It takes many years, perhaps even a lifetime, for us
to master the curriculum. Your partners are imperfect human beings, just like
you. They were not the “wrong” partners any more than you were. Probably,
they reflected your own level of realism and emotional maturity. That’s usually
the way it works. So don’t waste your time thinking you simply made some bad
choices. The only bad choice you made was forgetting who has the full time job
loving you. I know that you know who this is !
          We keep remembering that they are not perfect, nor we are. Love is not a
game of perfection. It is a game of overwhelming imperfection.The amazing thing
is that love survives all of our mistaken attempts to control our partners and
our relationships.
          26.We can conclude from the passage that___.
          A) we won’t forget who has the full time loving us
          B) love is addictive
          C) love from your partner is not enough
          D) love lies in the maturity of emotion which is essential to a partnership
or relationship
          27.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
          A) To seek for true love, one must be realistic.
          B) As long as we are emotionally mature, we can always enjoy the high of
falling in love.
          C) Love doesn’t die even if we make wrong attempts to control
our partners.
          D) The more one is loved, the less satisfied he or she feels.
          28.It can be inferred from the passage that___.
          A) the more we try to control our partners and relationships, the better we
can enjoy love
          B) the more frequently we fall in love, the more intelligent we’ll be
          C) the more emotionally mature a couple are, the more harmonious they will
live
          D) it’s unrealistic for you to search for true love from others
          29.By saying “They were not the ‘wrong’ partners any more than
you were.”(Para 3), the author means ___.
          A) you chose the wrong partner just as your partner did
          B) your partner was not as good as you were
          C) you were good partners to each other
          D) neither of you is a good partner
          30.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
          A) Some people regret their choices of love partners.
          B) In some partnership or relationship, he or she tries to control the
other.
          C) Through psychological adjustment and therapy, one will feel satisfied
with love.
          D) Partnership is a school from which it is not easy for us
to graduate. 
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 01:30:05 | 显示全部楼层

          Passage Three
          Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
          What is terrorism?
          In a growing number of conflicts around the world, one or both
sides attempt to label the other as “terrorist” in an effort to win support for
their own causes. Yet as the so-called “terrorists group” often proclaim, a
clear distinction between a terrorist action and a non-terrorist military
operation is frequently difficult to establish. Most governments argue that
terrorism is defined by violent methods to achieve political ends which are
undertaken by organizations not recognized by the world community as legitimate
representatives of a nation; furthermore, random acts of violence, like attacks
on school buses or shopping centers, are labeled as “terrorist”. Political
organization as the IRA(Irish
          Republican Army) and the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) have been
dubbed(称为) “terrorists”, by the governments of England and Israel because of
their tactics and their non-official statuses as representatives of accurately
defined nations. In the case of the PLO, however, its election to power under
Yasser Arafat has now confused its former recognition as terrorist. Even the IRA
is earning status as an authentic opposition voice to the continued presence of
British troops on Irish soil.All this simply highlights the problems of
separating what is a legitimate political organization with “the right” to
employ violence to achieve political ends from so-called terrorist
groups. Inseparable from this issue is historical precedence(地位先后) and
the degree of power and prestige an organization or nation has on the world
stage. For example, while most independent observes would agree that the IRA
setting off a bomb in a London subway station confirms its notoriety, they would
be less certain that Israel’s recent bombing of a refugee camp is equally
“terrorist”, despite the fact that many more innocent people were killed and
injured in the latter incident than in the former. This raises the question,
though certainly not for the first time, whether legitimate, even democratically
elected, governments are also capable of terrorist action. Is there always a
clear moral distinction between the behavior of normally respected nations and
that of “rogue”(流氓) organizations? What does seem clear from these reflections
is not that terrorist actions are in any way justified, but that the use of such
labels is sometimes based on a political need rather than on superior moral or
ethical grounds.
          31.What is the point the article tries to make?
          A) Non-official status of a political organization involves terrorist
suspicion.
          B) Terrorism defies clear-cut distinction.
          C) Terrorist element exists in every violent conflict.
          D) Government actions are never guilty of terrorism.
          32.Which of the following could be concluded from the article?
          A)An indisputable example of a terrorist group is PLO.
          B)Actions to achieve political ends cannot avoid using force.
          C)An acceptable criterion for terrorism is killing civilians.
          D)International prestige is a justification for violence.
          33.The classification of PLO is now less clear because___.
          A) it begins to show friendly attitude towards Israel
          B) it stands for an independent state in the Middle East
          C) it is no longer engaged in random performance of violence
          D) it is the elected political representative of the Palestine
          34.It could be logically inferred from the article that____.
          A) terrorism is not being defined on ethical criteria
          B) defense actions committed on a foreign land is admissible
          C) terrorism unavoidably involves immoral policies
          D) democratic nations are innocent of terrorism
          35.The author wrote this article to ___.
          A) show sympathy to unrecognized national forces
          B) condemn political motives in defining terrorism
          C) justify the ambiguity in giving terrorism labels
          D) call for better approaches to terrorism
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 03:07:39 | 显示全部楼层

          Passage Four
          Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
          It is curious how much one despises and condemns the vices which one does
not happen to possess. I am indeed not a severe man, nor would I permit myself
to become intolerant of those failings which I share with others. But, having no
particular temptation to be untruthful, I find myself believing that when one
comes to think of it, truth is the major virtue and lying the most blameworthy
of all the vices.I should like, therefore, to get my mind a little clearer on
the truth question. I flatter myself, as I have said, that I am a truthful man:
a man who, when he tells a lie, is careful not to forget that he has done so,
and who takes infinite precautions to prevent his being found out. This, in the
end, is the only test by which you can distinguish the liar from the man of
truth. The latter which is bothered by untruthfulness, is worried and anxious.
The real liar, however, is merely amused: he doesn’t mind in the least even if
he is subsequently exposed: he regards the truthful man as somewhat of a
fool.
          But this surely is one of the many false statements with which the real
liar will try hard to idealize his failing. It may be inevitabe and even just to
tell lies, but it cannot seriously be argued that such habits are intelligent. A
lie is always an act of mental cowardice, whereas intelligence is brave. And yet
there was Bismarck, and yet there was Napoleon-surely intelligent man,
and surely liars. The problem, therefore, is not so simple as it seems. It was
simple enough, in those old days, to define with approximate accuracy when a
given statement ceased to be the truth and became a lie. The essential test was
whether the maker of a false statement knew that he was saying something false,
and consciously wished his audience to accept, and to remain under, this false
impression. Life in civilized communities is a process of adjusting the personal
to the social, of conforming the individual impression to the joint impressions
of the common people. This process of adjustment leads inevitably and rightly to
a certain unconscious deception. Absolute truth, whether unconscious or even
conscious, is thus impossible. It is to relative truth only that we can hope to
aspire.
          36.The author suggests that it is usual that___.
          A) a person shows strong disapproval of the vices an individual doesn’t
have
          B) everyone feels contempt for the vices that most people have
          C) most people are unlikely to condemn the vices they possess
          D) the vices one doesn’t possess are worthy of severe condemnation
          37.The author claims that___.
          A) he wouldn’t tolerate the vices that people have in common
          B) he doesn’t feel particular contempt for being untruthful
          C) one may be tempted to untruthfulness when one comes to think of it
          D) untruthfulness is a serious fault of character which he
condemns strongly
          38.The essential distinction between a truthful person and a liar lies in
the fact that ___.
          A) the former feels uneasy about the untruths he happens to tell
          B) the latter takes great care to hinder his untruths from
being exposed
          C) the former is willing to confess his untruthfulness when he tells a
lie
          D) the latter is only amazed if his untruths area disclosed
          39.It is true,according to the text,real liars will___.
          A) try hard to perfect their vices with false statements
          B) believe it unavoidable and reasonable for everyone to tell lies
          C) argue that their habits of telling lies are intelligent rather than
foolish
          D) are misunderstood as being either cowardly or brave individuals
          40.In the author’s opinion,___.
          A) bismarck and Napoleon were intelligent men of truth
          B) in modern society, nobody can escape the risk of making a
false statement, intentionally or unintentionally
          C) untruthful man is worried about being found out
          D) our civilized life makes conscious lies impossible
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 04:22:12 | 显示全部楼层

          Part Ⅲ
          Vocabulary (20 minutes)
          Directions:There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For
each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE
that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the
Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
          41.A great deal of ___ for our success should go to Michael Lee, head of
our team.
          A) merit B) credit
          C) favor D) reward
          42.They question whether a fair way can be ___ to tell which employees
really perform better than their fellow employees.
          A) depicted B) devised
          C) decorated D) designated
          43.The report indicates that it is financially ___ to build a water power
station in the area.
          A) adaptable B) available
          C) feasible D) flexible
          44.Somehow she felt that she herself had to some extent been the cause of
all the trouble,and suffered___.
          A) accordingly B) respectively
          C) consequently D) incidentally
          45.The gas company ___ a leak in the main line and evacuated all the
tenants of the building.
          A) detected B) inspected
          C) discerned D) explored
          46.At the 27th Olympic Games she ___ two gold and one silver medals in the
track and field events.
          A) carried away B) carried off
          C) carried over D) carried through
          47.More than 790,000 youths were reported to have____the National Master’s
Entrance Examination last year.
          A) sat on B) sat up
          C) sat in D) sat for
          48.As a general rule, people with a great deal of ___ often have admiring
friends and bitter enemies.
          A) personality B) temperament
          C) disposition D) character
          49.After she gave birth to a child, she was ___ to go back to work in order
to make the ends meet.
          A) compelled B) enforced
          C) imposed D) depressed
          50.That football club tried to ___ the famous player with offers of a
tremendous sum of money.
          A) deceive B) persuade
          C) tempt D) indulge
          51.Many animal can ___ with their surroundings because of their protective
coloring.
          A) integrate B) match
          C) blend D) merge
          52.The strange phenomenon has ___ and puzzled many scientists for more a
century.
          A) annoyed B) embarrassed
          C) fascinated D) frustrated
          53.As we all know, the same gestures may have different ___ which vary from
one culture to another.
          A) implications B) presumptions
          C) expressions D) assumptions
          54.With the advent of PC and home-information systems, we’ll one day be
able to ___ most business dealings from home.
          A) implement B) execute
          C) conduct D) supplement
          55.It was an awful accident. I wonder how you managed to ___ without a
scratch.
          A) see through B) come through
          C) get through D) break though
          56.This difficult problem we face in the project has to be tackled before
we can ___ to others.
          A) pursue B) advocate
          C) precede D) proceed
          57.While most scientists agree that the greenhouse effect is coming, there
are not enough data yet to say with absolute ___ what its consequences will
be.
          A) confirmation B) conformity
          C) conviction D) conscience
          58.It is a___that in such a rich and prosperous country there should be so
many poverty-stricken people.
          A) controversy B) paradox
          C) aversion D) conversion
          59.It’s a well-known fact that truth will in the end ___ over falsehood,
and right over wrong.
          A) dominate B) prevail
          C) thrive D) conquer
          60.We can’t choose whether we will pay income tax or not, for payment of
income tax is ___.
          A) compulsory B) voluntary
          C) arbitrary D) dutiable
          61.It’s generally agreed that fluctuations in birth rate are ___ to a
number of economic factors.
          A) entitled B) attributed
          C) confined D) dedicated
          62.It’s always better to ___ a problem before it arises than to search for
a solution to it afterwards.
          A) evaluate B) predict
          C) anticipate D) estimate
          63.It takes tremendous courage to ___ a belief that is not shared by many
others.
          A) persist in B) abide by
          C) hold on D) adhere to
          64.As a good employer, he knows how to make full use of the ___ of his
employees’ talents and abilities.
          A) validity B) integrity
          C) diversity D) versatility
          65.Over the years jazz has changed and developed but it has essentially ___
its fundamental characteristics.
          A) remained B) retained
          C) reserved D) resumed
          66.Economics is a subject that ___ all people’s lives whether they are
conscious of it or not.
          A) draws on B) catches on
          C) touches on D) embarks on
          67.When one gets a good ___ into a problem, he will usually find a way to
approach it or solve it.
          A) outlook B) perspective
          C) version D) insight
          68.She cares much about other people’s opinions about her and is
particularly ___ to personal criticisms.
          A) sensational B) sentimental
          C) sensible D) sensitive
          69.My secretary has typed out the first___of the report,but I must revise
it before I submit to the conference.
          A) draft B) sketch
          C) script D) outline
          70.They reported the loss in the financial fraud and gave all the necessary
___ to the police.
          A) particulars B) provisions
          C) procedures D) precautions
          Part Ⅴ
          Writing (30 minutes)
          Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a
composition on the topic Economic Development and Moral Decline. You should
write at least 150 words and you should base your compositionon the outline
(given in Chinese) below:
          1.近年来我国经济建设取得了很大成就
          2.但与此同时,社会风气随着经济的发展也日益下降
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 04:56:39 | 显示全部楼层

          答 案
          Part Ⅱ
          Passage One
          内容概要:
          这是一篇议论文。Bhatt教授论述了电子商务对英国经济的重要性。以及他和Marconi公司人事主管Rob Meakin合作培训工程技术人员和经理电子工程管理(electronic
engineering management or E2)课程(programs)以及信息技术给亚洲国家带来了赶超欧美国家的机会。
          21.【答 案】B。
          【译文】培训员工熟悉电子商务。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据文章主旨以及第一段第一句后半部分:...have developed a partnership to train engineers
and managers to become e-literate.可知本题正确答 案为B选项。A,C,D均断章取义,与原文不符。故均为错误答案。
          22.【答 案】D。
          【译文】他们有时候反对因新技术而带来的变化。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据文章第二段第二句:Many chief executives do not understand the power of the
new technologies and, in some cases, are resisting
change. 可知D选项符合作者对很多公司主管的看法。A选项张冠李戴,B,C选项明显与原文意思相反。故均为错误答案。
          23.【答 案】D。
          【译文】电子商务潜力巨大并会给英国带来变革。
          【试题分析】细节归纳题。
          【详细解答】根据文章第二段第三句到段末:He says that “As long as enough industry
leaders realize its potential benefits, e-business will make possible a second
productivity revolution in Britain. ...to the UK
economy”.可知D选项符合原文,故为正确答案。A,B,C选项信息并没有在原文中出现。故均为错误答案。
          24.【答 案】A。
          【译文】在信息技术领域,英国可以和美国竞争。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据文章第二段后两句:Over the last five years in the US there has been a 30%
improvement in manufacturing-sector productivity because of information
technology. In Britain we can achieve more than that and successful e-business
will be worth billions to the UK economy.可知选项A符合短文意思,所以A为正确答
案。B选项意思:英国已经利用了电子工程管理,与原文不符。C选项原文第三段第一句话:Already Britain makes more use of
computer-aided design and manufacture (CAD/CAM) and management
information-technology systems than other European countries, and has a
government that actively promotes e-business.不符。D选项与原文最后一段第三句:Although the net
allows British industry to overtake their European peers, it also offers Asian
countries to leapfrog the West. For the first time it is not the privilege of
the western world because this technology is universal.”不符。故B,C,D均为错误答 案。
          25.【答 案】B。
          【译文】商业已经受到了电子商务的很大影响。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文最后一段第一句话:Professor Bhatt believes that e-commerce is changing
business to such an extent that WMG is likely to be renamed Warwick Electronic
Manufacturing Group.可知B选项为正确答案。A选项与原文意思不符,C选项与原文意思一致,但不是WMG改名的原因,D选项也不是WMG改名的原因。故A,C,D均为错误答
案。
          Passage Two
          内容概要:
          本文是一篇说明文。解说了感情的成熟对正确认识并处理爱情和夫妻生活的重要作用。第一段告诉我们爱首先要爱自己。第二段告诉我们:当我们恋爱过
几次后我们会意识到恋爱的高潮不会持久,因此我们必须认识到这一点并现实起来在爱情与夫妻生活这所学校里好好学习。第三,第四段告诉我们人无完人,因此我们不要抱怨我们选错了对象,而要去克服不完善的地方。
          26.【答 案】D。
          【译文】爱情在于感情上的成熟。
          【试题分析】中心思想题。
          【详细解答】D选项符合全文中心:感情的成熟对正确认识并处理爱情和夫妻生活的重要性。因此D 选项是正确答 案。A,B,C选项明显与原文不符,故均为错误答
案。
          27.【答 案】C。
          【译文】即使我们错误地试图去控制我们的另一半,爱情也不会因此消失。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文最后一句话:The amazing thing is that love survives all of our mistaken
attempts to control our partners and our relationships.可知C选项符合原文,因此C选项为正确答
案。A选项信息是无中生有,B选项信息明显与原文不符(原文:We know the high of falling in love is not going
to last.)。D选项:一个人越被爱,他或她就越不满足。也是原文中所没有的信息。故A,B,D均为错误答案。
          28.【答 案】C。
          【译文】感情上越成熟的夫妻,生活中越和谐。
          【试题分析】推理判断题。
          【详细解答】C选项最符合原文中心意思,因此为正确答 案。A选项意思在原文中并没有出现,B选项歪曲了原文第二段第二句:But after we’ve
“fallen” a few times and broken our emotional bones, we hopefully wise up a
bit.表达的意思。D选项意思也超出了原文。故A,B,D均为错误答 案。
          29.【答 案】C。
          【译文】你们彼此都是很好的伴侣。
          【试题分析】语义理解题。
          【详细解答】根据原文第三段第一句Your partners are imperfect human beings, just
like you.和最后一段,可知C选项符合原句意思。A,B,D明显与原文不符,故均为错误答案。
          30.【答 案】C。
          【译文】通过心理调整和治疗,人会对爱满意。
          【试题分析】细节归纳判断题。
          【详细解答】C选项曲解了原文第二段: And it certainly requires a lot more psychological
adjustment than years of therapy! 因此不符合原文,故为本题正确答 案。A,B,D选项符合原文意思,故为错误答 案。
          Passage Three
          内容概要:
          这是一篇议论文。作者论述了在定义恐怖主义以及恐怖主义活动时标准:不是建立在道德的标准上而是建立在政治需要的标准上。并以IRA(爱尔兰共和军),PLA(巴勒斯坦解放组织)和Israel(以色列)为例来论证自己的论点。
          31.【答 案】B。
          【译文】无法清楚地区分恐怖主义。
          【试题分析】中心思想题。
          【详细解答】根据原文第二段第二句:Yet as the so-called “terrorists group” often proclaim, a
clear distinction between a terrorist action and a non-terrorist military
operation is frequently difficult to establish. 以及原文其它信息可综合得知B选项:Terrorism
defies clear cut distinction.是本题正确答
案。A:一个政治组织的非官方地位涉嫌为恐怖主义组织。C:在每一起暴力冲突中都存在恐怖主义因素。D:政府行为从不会犯恐怖主义错误。都与原文信息不符,故均为错误答
案。
          32.【答 案】D。
          【译文】在国际上的影响力(声望)是暴力活动的正当借口。
          【试题分析】推理判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文所给关于IRA和PLO例子可知D选项:International prestige is a justification
for violence.是正确答
案。A:一个不容置疑的恐怖主义组织例子就是巴解组织。B:达到政治目的的行动无法避免使用武力。C:人们所接受的定义恐怖组织的一个标准就是屠杀平民。
都与原文信息不符,故均为错误答 案。
          33.【答 案】D。
          【译文】它现在是巴勒斯坦人民所选出的代表。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文第二段倒数第二句话:In the case of the PLO, however, its election to power
under Yasser Arafat has now confused its former recognition as terrorist.可知D为正确答
案。A:开始对以色列表现友好态度。B:在中东地区代表了一个独立国家。C:不在牵涉进无节制的暴力行动中。都与原文信息不符,故均为错误答案。
          34.【答 案】A。
          【译文】定义恐怖主义的标准不是建立在道德上。
          【试题分析】推理判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文最后一句话:What does seem clear from these reflections is not that
terrorist actions are in any way justified, but that the use of such labels is
sometimes based on a political need rather than on superior moral or ethical
grounds. 可知A为正确答
案。B:允许在别的国家进行自卫行动。C:恐怖主义不可避免地都要牵涉到不道德的政策。D:民主国家不会犯恐怖主义活动罪。都与原文信息不符,故均为错误答案。
          35.【答 案】B。
          【译文】谴责在定义恐怖主义时的政治目的。
          【试题分析】观点态度题。
          【详细解答】根据原文中心以及作者用词,语气,可知B为正确答
案。A:对未获得承认的国家武装力量表达同情。C:证明在贴恐怖主义标签时含糊不清是有道理的。D:号召对恐怖主义活动采取更好的处理方式。都与原文信息不符,故均为错误答案。
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 05:33:17 | 显示全部楼层

          Passage Four
          内容概要:
          这是一篇议论文。论述了作者对谎言的态度:最应受到谴责的恶习;而诚实是主要美德。并解说了诚实的人和说假话的人对待说慌的不同态度和反应。以及文明社会里绝对不说谎是不可能的,不管有意的还是无意的;人们只能希望达到相对真实。
          36.【答 案】C。
          【译文】大多数人都不可能去谴责他们自身的恶习。
          【试题分析】细节推理判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文第一句:It is curious how much one despises and condemns the vices
which one does not happen to possess. 可知本题正确答 案为C。A,B,D选项意思明显与原文意思不符,故均为错误答
案。
          37.【答 案】D。
          【译文】不诚实是他强烈谴责的一个严重的性格缺陷。
          【试题分析】细节推理判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文第一段最后一句: But, having no particular temptation to be untruthful, I
find myself believing that when one comes to think of it, truth is the major
virtue and lying the most blameworthy of all the
vices. 可知本题正确答案为D。A:他不会容忍人们共有的恶习。B:他并不觉得特别鄙视不诚实。C:人想到说谎时就可能诱使说谎。都与原文信息不符,故均为错误答案。
          38.【答 案】A。
          【译文】诚实的人对自己偶尔说谎感到不自在。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文第二段后两句:The latter with is bothered by untruthfulness, is worried
and anxious. The real liar, however, is merely amused: he doesn’t mind in the
least even if he is subsequently exposed: he regards the truthful man as
somewhat of a fool. 可知A为正确答
案。B:说谎的人很小心防止他的谎言被揭露。C:诚实的人很乐意承认他的假话当他说谎的时候。D:说谎的人只有在他的谎言被揭穿后才感到震惊。都与原文信
息不符,故均为错误答 案。
          39.【答 案】A。
          【译文】他们尽力用谎言美化他们的恶习。
          【试题分析】细节判断题。
          【详细解答】根据原文第三段第一句话:But this surely is one of the many false statements with
which the real liar will try to idealize
his failing. 可知A为正确答案。B:他们认为人人都无法避免撒谎,并且撒谎有理。C:他们辩解说他们的撒谎习惯是聪明的而不是愚蠢的。D:他们被误解为要么是胆小鬼要么是勇士。都与
原文不符,故均为错误答 案。
          40.【答 案】B。
          【译文】在现代社会,不管是无意还是有意,没有人能够逃避撒谎的危险。
          【试题分析】观点题。
          【详细解答】根据原文最后一段最后两句:This process of adjustment leads inevitably and rightly
to a certain unconscious deception. Absolute truth, whether unconscious or even
conscious, is thus impossible. It is to relative truth only that we can hope to
aspire. 可知B为正确答
案。A:俾斯麦和拿破仑都是既聪明又诚实的人。C:不诚实的人怕被发现而担忧。D:文明社会生活使得有意撒谎成为不可能, 都与原文信息不符,故均为错误 答
案。
          Part Ⅲ
          41.【答 案】B。
          【译文】我们成功的很大一部分功劳都归功于我们的组长-Michael Lee.
          【试题分析】名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】merit:优点。credit:功劳,荣誉,赞扬;信用,信贷,赊欠。常用搭配:give somebody
credit for...为…而赞扬某人;to one’s credit:为某人带来荣誉。favor:喜欢, 支持,
赞同。reward:酬谢,奖金,报答。
          42.【答 案】B。
          【译文】他们也提出这样的问题:能否设计出一种公平的方式来评判哪些员工比他们的同事做得更好。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】depict: 描述, 描写, 描绘。 devise: 设计,想出,发明。 decorate: 装饰,装潢。designate:
指定,指派, 选派,委任。
          43.【答 案】C。
          【译文】报告表明在这一地区建一座水电站从财力上说是可行的。
          【试题分析】形容词辨析题。
          【详细解答】adaptable: 能适应的, 适应性强的。available: 可得到的。feasible: 可行的, 行的通的。flexible:
灵活的。
          44.【答 案】C。
          【译文】说不出什么原因,她觉得她自己在某种程度上是麻烦之源,并因此忍受痛苦。
          【试题分析】副词辨析题。
          【详细解答】accordingly: 相应地,因此,所以,于是。例如:He was worn out; accordingly, he was
sent home.(他累坏了,于是,他被送回家了。) respectively: 各自地, 个别地,分别地。consequently: 因此,所以。例如:He
is a smart and diligent student and consequently, does well in school.
(他是个聪明又勤奋的学生,所以他学习成绩很好。) incidentally: 偶然地;顺便说一下,顺便提一句。
          45.【答 案】A。
          【译文】煤气公司在主管道检测出一个漏缝后就疏散了大楼里的住户。
          【试题分析】近义动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】eetect: 检测, 探测(用仪表,仪器);侦探。inspect:
视察, 检查,仔细查看(范围广)。discern:看出,觉察出;识别,区别,辨认出。explore: 探索。
          46.【答 案】B。
          【译文】在第二十七届奥运会田径赛项目上她赢得了两枚金牌和一枚银牌.
          【试题分析】动词短语辨析题。
          【详细解答】carry away: 搬走, 抢走; 吸引住, 使激动而失去自制;carry off:
赢得(奖章),成功或轻而易举地处理或应付;carry over: (使)继续下去, 继续存在;carry through: 实现,
完成,使度过困难或麻烦等。
          47.【答 案】D。
          【译文】据报道去年有超过七十九万的年轻人参加了研究生入学考试.
          【试题分析】动词短语辨析题。
          【详细解答】sit on: (使) 坐在……上;拖延, 搁下, 压下;sit up: 坐起来,坐直; 熬夜,不睡;sit
in:参加静坐罢工或示威;sit for:参加考试, 应试。
          48.【答 案】A。
          【译文】一般说来,很有个性的人常常拥有崇拜他们的朋友和势不两立的敌人。
          【试题分析】近义名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】personality: (明显的,
特有的)个性,人格;(地方,国家,团体,组织)独有的特性。temperament:性格,性情,禀赋;气质。disposition: 性格,性情;癖性,
倾向;处理,解决;支配(权),处置(权)。character: 性格,品德,品质;角色,人物。
          49.【答 案】A。
          【译文】她生了一个孩子后,被迫回去工作以勉强维持生活。
          【试题分析】近义动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】compel: 强迫, 迫使。enforce:
加强,强制性地执行。impose: 强加给。depress:沮丧,使情绪低落,使无精打采。
          50.【答 案】C。
          【译文】那家足球俱乐部试图通过一大笔钱来诱惑那位著名球员。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】deceive: 欺骗。persuade: 劝说。tempt: 诱惑,引诱。indulge:沉溺于;使高兴,使享受;纵容,迁就。
          51.【答 案】C。
          【译文】很多动物因为它们自身的保护色所以能够与它们周围的环境交融在一起。
          【试题分析】近义动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】ntegrate: 成为一体,结合在一起,合并;使完整,使完善。match: 和…相配,和……相称;比得上,敌得过。Blend:
混在一起,混合,交融。merge: 合并(企业,团体等), 结合,联合。
          52.【答 案】C。
          【译文】这个奇怪现象一个多世纪以来吸引并难住了许多科学家。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】annoy: 使愤怒,使生气,使烦恼。embarrass: 使难堪。fascinate:吸引,迷住,使神魂颠倒。frustrate:
使沮丧,使灰心丧气。
          53.【答 案】A。
          【译文】我们都知道,同样的手势也许有不同的含义,这些含义因文化的不同而不同。
          【试题分析】名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】implication:
含义,含蓄,暗示,暗指。presumption:推测,假定,设想;冒昧,无礼,傲慢,自行其事。expression:
表达,表示,表露;表情;词语。assumption:假定,臆断;担任,承担;假装;自负,傲慢。
          54.【答 案】C。
          【译文】随着个人电脑和家庭信息系统的出现,有一天,我们能够在家里做大部分商业交易。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】implement:
实施,执行,履行,使生效。execute:实施,执行,履行,完成;把处死。conduct:经营,处理,管理。supplement: 补充,增补。
          55.【答 案】B。
          【译文】那真是一次可怕的事故。我就奇怪你是怎么毫发无损地过来的。
          【试题分析】动词短语辨析题。
          【详细解答】see through: 看穿某人或某人的思想。come through:
安然度过,经历……仍活着;胜利,成功。get through:干完工作;通过(考试或测验等);向别人讲清自己的意思;(讲话等)被理解,被接受。 reak
through:冲破,突破;取得突破性的成就。
          56.【答 案】D。
          【译文】在我们可以继续做其它工程之前,我们在这项工程中所面临的难题必须处理。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】pursue: vt. 追逐,追捕;从事,忙于;继续。做v.i时,后接after, 意思是:追赶;继续。advocate:
提倡,倡导。precede: (时间,位置,顺序)先于,在……之前。proceed:(尤指停顿后)继续做,继续进行。
          57.【答 案】C。
          【译文】尽管大多数科学家都同意温室效应正在到来,然而并没有足够的资料来绝对令人信服地说明温室效应的后果会是什么。
          【试题分析】名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】confirmation: 证实;确认,批准。conformity:
相似,一致,符合;遵照。conviction: 说服,信服;确信,深信;判罪,定罪。conscience: 良心,道德心。
          58.【答 案】B。
          【译文】在这样一个富裕的国家里竟然有如此众多的赤贫的人,这真是个矛盾。
          【试题分析】名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】controversy: 争论,辩论。paradox: 怪事,有明显矛盾特点的事或行为或人。aversion:厌恶。conversion:
转变,转化;改变信仰或态度,归附,皈依。
          59.【答 案】B。
          【译文】真理最终会战胜谬误,正义战胜邪恶,这是人人皆知的事实。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】dominate: 占支配或统治地位。prevail: vi., 后常接over,意思是:战胜;流行。
thrive:繁荣,旺盛,兴旺发达;茁壮生长。conquer: 征服,战胜。
          60.【答 案】A。
          【译文】我们不能选择缴还是不缴所得税,因为缴纳所得税是义务。
          【试题分析】形容词辨析题。
          【详细解答】compulsory: 义务性的,必须要做的;强制的,强迫的。voluntary: 主动的,自愿的。
arbitrary:武断的,个人独断专行的;任性多变的;任意性的。dutiable: (货物)要缴纳税的。
            
            
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          61.【答 案】B。
          【译文】一般都这样认为:出生率的上升或下降归因于一些经济因素的影响。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】entitle:
(给书,文章等)题名;使有权利或资格。attribute:归因于(后跟to)。confine:限制,使局限于;使不外出,监禁,关押。dedicate:把(时间,精力等)用于,把(自己,一生等)献给(后跟to)。
          62.【答 案】C。
          【译文】在问题出现之前预料到可能发生问题总是比在问题出现之后才找解决之道要好。
          【试题分析】近义动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】evaluate: 估…….的价,定……的价;对……评价。predict:
预言。anticipate:预料,预期;先发制人,(抢先行动来)阻止。estimate: 估计,估价。
          63.【答 案】D。
          【译文】要坚持不被其他很多人所信仰的信念需要极大的勇气。
          【试题分析】近义动词短语辨析题。
          【详细解答】persist: 坚持不懈,执意(后跟in或with); 坚持说,坚持问,坚称。abide by: 遵守(诺言,制度等)。 hold
on: 继续,坚持,保持,忍住;(打电话时)别挂断。adhere: vi.坚持,遵守;追随,支持,拥护(后跟to)。
          64.【答 案】C。
          【译文】作为精明的顾主,他知道如何充分发挥他手下员工不同的才能。
          【试题分析】名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】validity 有效性,合法性; 正当,正确。正直,诚实;integrity
完整,完善,健全。diversity不同点,差异;多样性。versatility 多才多艺。
          65.【答 案】B。
          【译文】多年来,爵士乐一直在变化,发展。但在本质上仍然保留着那些根本特点。
          【试题分析】动词辨析题。
          【详细解答】remain: vi., 保持不变;(后跟不定式)留待,尚待。如:Much remains to be
solved.(有待解决的问题还很多)。retain: vt., 保持,保留;保存;拦住,挡住。reserve: vt., 预定;储备,留存。resume:
vt., 继续,重新开始;接着说,继续说。
          66.【答 案】C。
          【译文】不管人们是否意识到,经济学是一门关系人们生活的学科。
          【试题分析】动词短语辨析题。
          【详细解答】draw on: 利用,凭,靠; 消耗,耗尽;穿上,拉上。catch on:理解,懂得;流行开来,受欢迎,被接受。touch on:
关系到,涉及;(简单或顺便)谈到或提到。embark on: 开始工作,着手,从事。
          67.【答 案】D。
          【译文】当一个人完全地洞察到某个问题时,他通常都会找到解决或处理的方法。
          【试题分析】名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】outlook: 世界观,人生观。perspective: (看问题的)角度,视角;远景,景观。version: 版本。insight:
洞察力。
          68.【答 案】D。
          【译文】她很在乎别人对她的看法,尤其是对她的批评很敏感。
          【试题分析】同根形容词辨析题。
          【详细解答】sensational: 令人兴奋的,轰动的;夸张的,耸人听闻的;激起强烈感情的。sentimental:多愁善感的。sensible:
明智的,懂事的。sensitive: 敏感的。
          69.【答 案】A。
          【译文】我的秘书已经把报告的第一稿打出来了,但是在提交给大会前我必须修改一下。
          【试题分析】近义名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】draft: 草稿,草案,草拟,草图;汇票。sketch: 素描,速写;概述,概要,纲要;草图,略图。script:手稿。outline:
大纲,提纲,草案;外形,轮廓;草图,示意图,平面图。
          70.【答 案】A
          【译文】他们汇报了在这桩金融诈骗案中的损失,并把所有必要细节提供给了警方。
          【试题分析】名词辨析题。
          【详细解答】particular:
(消息,情报等的)详情,细节(常用复数形式)。provisions:条文,条款,规定;供应,提供。procedure: 程序,手续,步骤。precaution:
预防,预防措施,警惕。
          Part Ⅳ
          71.【答 案】surrounding 改为 surroundings
          【试题分析】名词单复数误用题。
          【详细解答】根据这句话的意思, surrounding在这里做“环境”解,因此要用复数surroundings。
          72.【答 案】open 改为opening
          【试题分析】动词形式错误题。
          【详细解答】动词open用在介词after之后,因此要用动名词形式opening。
          73.【答 案】new 改为news
          【试题分析】形容词误用作名词题。
          【详细解答】根据文章内容可知本句话要表达的意思是:每天一睁开眼要做的的第一件事上网。
          74.【答 案】on 改为 by
          【试题分析】介词误用题。
          【详细解答】人不会坐在计算机上看新闻, 因此sit on the computer要改为sit by the computer:坐在计算机旁看新闻.
故on改为by。
          75.【答 案】lively改为live
          【试题分析】形容词词形误用题。
          【详细解答】原句要表达的是现场直播的世界杯, 而不是“生动逼真的, 或精力充沛的”世界杯,
因此lively(生动逼真的,或精力充沛的)要改为live(形容词: 现场直播的)。
          76.【答 案】a 改为 an
          【试题分析】冠词错误题。
          【详细解答】略
          77.【答 案】of 改为 from
          【试题分析】介词误用题。
          【详细解答】hear of是“听说”的意思, hear from是“收到某人的来信”的意思.
根据原文应该是很多年没收到信的朋友, 而不是很多年没听说的朋友. 故of 改为from。
          78.【答 案】in addition helping改为 in addition to helping
          【试题分析】单词遗漏题。
          【详细解答】根据原文, in addition和 helping 之间要加上to , 意思是: 除了帮助我们继续保持老朋友关系……。
          79.【答 案】strange改为intimate/close/good
          【试题分析】反义词误用题。
          【详细解答】陌生朋友间不会: pour our hearts to one another( 倾心相诉)。因此, 此句话意思有误,不符合常规. 故改为
intimate或close或good。
          80.【答 案】widen改为 shorten
          【试题分析】反义词误用题。
          【详细解答】根据原文: So, instead of isolating us from one another, the Internet
serves to widen distance, and helps to bring friends closer. 可看出这句话逻辑意思有误,
互联网不是: widen distance (加大了距离), 而是: shortendistance (缩短了距离)。
            
            
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          Part Ⅴ
          写作指导:
          这是一篇要求考生就经济发展和道德堕落这一社会现实进行论述的议论文. 全文分三个部分. 第一段是引言: 引入主题和主题句.第二段是正文部分:
指出道德堕落的社会现实现象. 第三段结论部分: 总结全文, 提出解决问题的办法。
          参考范文:
          Economic Development and Moral Decline These years, the economy in China is
advancing by leaps and bounds.With this swift development, people’s life is
better off and they get much more money to spend. But it’s human nature that
they want to get even more. Money worship is sweeping across the whole country.
With the popular misconception that money is everything, many immoral social
phenomena have emerged. One of them is moral decline.
          Leaving the theft, robbery aside, corrupt conducts are getting more
rampant. For instance, offering and taking bribes is becoming increasingly a
social malady in the privileged class. For businessmen, they have a different
morality which permits them to willfully produce ineffective or even dangerous
products, advertise their products dishonestly. For some richest persons, they
get confused about their life. They are occupied with nothing all day long and
don’t know how to make themselves more satisfied, as a result they take drugs,
among many other unlawful practices, to seek fun. They have money, but they have
lost their aim in life and can’t find happiness.
          Am I suggesting that we should discard all the money and go back to the
“poor days”? No! the wheel of history can’t be stopped. But if moral decline is
the inevitable product of the economic development, we can certainly lay down
some effective laws to stop the degeneration. If so, a bright and healthy future
is sure to come and stay with us!
          本套试卷测试语言重点
          10个重点单词:
          credit: 功劳,荣誉, 赞扬;信用,信贷,赊欠。
          insight: 洞察力;
          integrity: 正直,诚实;
          personality: (鲜明的)个性
          indulge: 沉溺于;使高兴,使享受;纵容,迁就。
          conduct: 经营,处理,管理
          advocate: 提倡,倡导。
          confirmation: 证实;确认,批准。
          prevail: 后常接over,意思是:战胜;流行。
          anticipate: 预料,预期;先发制人,(抢先行动来)阻止。
          4个重点词组:
          carry off: 赢得(奖章),成功或轻而易举地处理或应付。
          touch on: 关系到,涉及;(简单或顺便)谈到或提到。
          be attributed to: 归因于。
          be dedicated to: 把(时间,精力等)用于,把(自己,一生等)献给(后跟to)。
          3.我的观点……
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