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2018年6月英语四级模拟题及答案(四)

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发表于 2018-5-31 22:51:34 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Part I Writing.(30 minutes)
          Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30minutes to write a short essay
on the topic of Welcome to Our Club.You should write at least 120 words but no
more than 150 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
          1. 表达你的欢迎
          2. 对你们的俱乐部做一个简要介绍。
          Section A
          Questions 36-45 are based on the following passage.
          Years ago, doctors often said that pain was a normal part of life. In
particular, when older patients ____36____ of pain, they were told it was a
natural part of aging and they would have to learn to, live with it.
          Times have changed. Today, we take pain ____37____. Indeed, pain is now
considered the fifth vital, as important as blood pressure, temperature,
breathing rate and pulse in ____38____a person's well-being. We know that
chronic(慢性的) pain can disrupt (扰乱的) a person's life, causing problems that
____39 ____ from missed work todepression.
          That's why a growing number of hospitals now depend upon physicians who
____40____ in pain medicine. Not onlydo we evaluate the cause of the pain, which
can help us treat the pain better, but we also help providecomprehensive therapy
for depression and other psychological and social ____41____ related to chronic
pain. Suchcomprehensive therapy often ____42 ____ the work of social workers,
psychiatrists (心理医生) and psychologists, aswell as specialists in pain
medicine.
          This modem ____43____ for pain management has led to a wealth of innovative
treatments which are more effectiveand with fewer side effects than ever before.
Decades ago, there were only a ____44 ____number of drugs available, andmany of
them caused ____45 ____ side effects in older people, including dizziness and
fatigue. This created a double-edged sword: the medications helped relieve the
pain but caused other problems that could be worse than the painitself.
          A.result
          B.involves
          C.significant
          D.range
          E.relieved
          F.issues
          G.seriously
          H.magnificent
          I.determining
          J.limited
          K.gravely
          L.complained
          M.respect
          N.prompting
          O.specialize
            
            
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发表于 2018-5-31 23:55:23 | 显示全部楼层

          Section B
          回答46-55题:
          Protect Your Privacy When Job-hunting Online
          A)Identity theft and identity fraud are terms used to refer to all types of
crime in which someone wrongfullyobtains and uses another person's personal data
in some way that involves fraud or deception, typically foreconomic gain.
          B)The numbers associated with identity theft are beginning to add up fast
these days. A recent GeneralAccounting Office report estimates that as many as
750,000 Americans are victims of identity theft every year.And that number may
be low, as many people choose not to report the crime even if they know they
have beenvictimized:
          C)Identity theft is "an absolute epidemic", states Robert Ellis Smith, a
respected author and advocate of privacy,"It's certainly picked up in the last
four or five years. It's worldwide. It affects everybody, and there's very
littleyou can do to prevent it and, worst of all, you can't detect it until it's
probably too late."
          D)Unlike your fingerprints, which are unique to you and cannot be given to
someone else for their use, yourpersonal data, especially your social security
number, your bank account or credit card number, your telephonecalling card
number, and other valuable identifying data, can be used, if they fall into the
wrong hands, topersonally profit at your expense. In the United States and
Canada, for example, many people have reportedthat unauthorized persons have
taken funds out of their bank or financial accounts, or, in the worst cases,
taken over their identities altogether, rtmning up vast debts and committing
crimes while using the victims' names. Inmany cases, a victim's losses may
include not only out-of-pocket financial losses, but substantial
additionalfinancial costs associated with trying to restore his reputation in
the community and correcting erroneousinformation for which the criminal is
responsible.
          E) According to the FBI, identity theft is the number one fraud committed
on the Internet. So how do job seekersprotect themselves while continuing to
circulate their resumes online? The key to a successful online jobsearch is
learning to manage the risks. Here are some tips for staying safe while
conducting a job search on theInternet.
          F)Check for a privacy policy. If you are considering posting your resume
online, make sure the job search siteyou are considering has a privacy policy,
like CareerBuilder.com. The policy should spell out how yourinformation will be
used, stored and whether or not it will be shared. You may want to think twice
aboutposting your resume on a site that automatically shares your information
with others. You could be openingyourself up to unwanted calls from solicitors
(推销员). When reviewing the site's privacy policy, you'll be ableto delete your
resume just as easily as you posted it. You won't necessarily want your resume
to remain outthere on the Internet once you land a job. Remember, the longer
your resume remains posted on a job board,the more exposure, both positive and
not-so-positive, it will receive.
          G)Take advantages of site features. Lawful job search sites offer levels of
privacy protection. Before posting yourresume, carefully consider your job
search objectives and the level of risk you are willing to
assume.CareerBuilder.com, for example, offers three levels of privacy from which
job seekers can choose. The first isstandard posting. This option gives job
seekers who post their resumes the most visibility to the broadestemployer
audience possible. The second is anonymous( 匿名的) posting. This allows job
seekers the samevisibility as those in the standard posting category without any
of their contact information being displayed.Job seekers who wish to remain
anonymous but want to share some other information may choose whichpieces of
contact information to display. The third is private posting. This option allows
a job seeker to post aresume without having it searched by employers. Private
posting allows job seekers to quickly and easily applyfor jobs that appear on
CareerBuilder.com without retyping their information.
          H)Safeguard your identity. Career experts say that one of the ways job
seekers can stay safe while using theIntemet to search out jobs is to conceal
their identities. Replace your name on your resume with a generic (泛指的)
identifier, such as "Intranet Developer Candidate", or "Experienced Marketing
Representative". Youshould also consider eliminating the name and location of
your current employer. Depending on your title, itmay not be all that difficult
to determine who you are once the name of your company is provided. Use ageneral
description of the company such as "Major auto manufacturer," or "international
packaged goodssupplier." If your job title is unique, consider using the generic
equivalent instead of the exact title assigned byyour employer.
          I)Establish an email address for your search. Another way to protect your
privacy while seeking employmentonline is to open up an email account
specifically for your online job search. This will safeguard your existingemail
box in the event someone you don't know gets hold of your email address and
shares it with others.Using an email address specifically for your job search
also eliminates the possibility that you will receiveunwelcome emails in your
primary mailbox. When naming your new email address, be sure that it
doesn'tcontain references to your name or other information that will give away
your identity. The best solution is anemail address that is relevant to the job
you are seeking such as salesmgr2004@provider.com.
          J)Protect your references. If your resume contains a section with the names
and contact information of yourreferences, take it out. There's no sense in
safeguarding your information while sharing private contactinformation of your
references.
          K)Keep confidential (机密的) information confidential. Do not, under any
circumstances, share your social security, driver's license, and bank account
numbers or other personal information, such as race or eye color.Honest
employers do not need this information with an initial application. Don't
provide this even if they saythey need it in order to conduct a background
check. This is one of the oldest tricks in the book--don't fallfor it.
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 01:03:06 | 显示全部楼层

          46、Those who post their resumes online for a long time will run an
increased risk of becoming victims of identity theft.
          47、Robert Ellis Smith says that identity theft is spreading around the
world and hard to detect beforehand.
          48、Victims of identity theft may suffer additional financial losses in
order to restore their reputation and correct wrong infbrmation.
          49、In the US,750,000 people are estimated to become victims of identity
theft each year.
          50、It is a safer way to find a job online when you use an email account
specifically.
          51、One is supposed to learn how to manage the risks if he or she is going
to seek jobs online safely.
          52、Standard posting allows fullest potential audience to browse through the
resumes posted online.
          53、Honest employers will not ask their initial job applicants to reveal
their social security account, driver's license or bank account numbers.
          54、Make sure that your email address will not be named in a way that could
let out your personal information.
          55、Job seekers are advised to describe the company they are serving right
now in a general way instead of giving an exact name.
          Questions 56-60 are based on the following passage.
          I've been writing for most of my life. The book Writing Without Teachers
introduced me to one distinctionand one practice that has helped my writing
processes tremendously. The distinction is between the creative mindand the
critical mind. While you need to employ both to get to a finished result, they
cannot work in parallel nomatter how much we might like to think so.
          Trying to criticize writing on the fly is possibly the single greatest
barrier to writing that most of us encounter.If you are listening to that 5th
grade English teacher correct your grammar while you are trying to capture
afleeting ( 稍纵即逝的) thought, the thought will die. If you capture the fleeting
thought and simply share it withthe world in raw form; no one is likely to
understand. You must learn to create first and then criticize if you want tomake
writing the tool for thinking that it is.
          The practice that can help you past your learned bad habits of trying to
edit as you write is what Elbow calls"free writing". In free writing, the
objective is to get words down on paper non-stop, usually for 15-20 minutes.
Nostopping, no going back, no criticizing. The goal is to get the words flowing.
As the words begin to flow, the ideaswill come out from the shadows and let
themselves be captured on your notepad or your screen.
          Now you have taw materials that you can begin to work with using the
critical mind that you've persuaded tosit on the side and watch quietly. Most
likely, you will believe that this will take more time than you actually haveand
you will end up staring blankly at the page as the deadline draws near.
          Instead of staring at a blank screen, start filling it with words no matter
how bad. Halfway through youravailable time, stop and rework your raw writing
into something closer to finished product. Move back and forthuntil you run out
of time and the final result will most likely be far better than your current
practices.
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 01:27:31 | 显示全部楼层

          56、When the author says the creative mind and the critical mind "cannot
work in parallel" (Line 3, Para.1 ) in the writing process, he means ____
          A.no one can be both creative and critical
          B.they cannot be regarded as equally important
          C.they are in constant conflict with each other
          D.one cannot use them at the same time
          57、What prevems people from writing on is ____
          A.putting their ideas in raw form
          B.attempting to edit as they write
          C.ignoring grammatical soundness
          D.trying to capture fleeting thoughts
          58、What is the chief objective of the first stage of writing?
          A.To organize one's thoughts logically.
          B.To choose an appropriate topic.
          C.To get one's ideas down.
          D.To collect raw materials.
          59、One common concern of writers about "free writing" is that ____.
          A.it overstresses the role of the creative mind
          B.it takes too much time to edit afterwards
          C.it may bring about too much criticism
          D.it does not help them to think clearly
          60、In what way does the critical mind help the writer in the writing
process?
          A.It refines his writing into better shape.
          B.It helps him to come up with new ideas.
          C.It saves the writing time available to him.
          D.It allows him to sit on the side and observe.
          Questions 61-65 are based on the following passage.
          I don't ever want to talk about being a woman scientist again. There was a
time in my life when people askedconstantly for stories about what it's like to
work in a field dominated by men. I was never very good at telling thosestories
because truthfully I never found them interesting. What I do fred interesting is
the origin of the universe, theshape' of space-time and the nature of black
holes.
          At 19, when I began studying astrophysics, it did not bother me in the
least to be the only woman in theclassroom. But while earning my Ph.D. at MIT
and then as a post-doctor doing space research, the issue started tobother me.
My every achievement--jobs, research papers, awards--was viewed through the lens
of gender (性别) politics. So were my failures. Sometimes, when I was pushed into
an argument on left brain.versus (相对于)fight brain, or nature versus nurture
(培育), I would instantly fight fiercely on my behalf and all womankind.
          Then one day a few years ago, out of my mouth came a sentence that would
eventually become my reply toany and all provocations: I don't falk about that
anymore. It took me 10 years to get back the confidence I had at 19and to
realize that I didn't want to deal with gender issues. Why should curing sexism
be yet another terrible burdenon every female scientist? After all, I don't
study sociology or political theory.
          Today I research and teach at Barnard, a women's college in New York City.
Recently, someone asked mehow many of the 45 students in my class were women.
You cannot imagine my satisfaction at being able to answer:45. I know some 9fmY
students worry how they will manage their scientific research and a desire for
children. AndI don't dismiss those concerns. Still, I don't tell them "war"
stories. Instead, I have given them this: the visual oftheir physics professor
heavily pregnant doing physics experiments. And in turn they have given me the
image of45 women driven by a love of science. And that's a sight worth talking
about.
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 01:38:46 | 显示全部楼层

          61、Why doesn't the author want to talk about being a woman scientist
again?
          A.She feels unhappy working in male-dominated fields.
          B.She is fed up with the issue of gender discrimination.
          C.She is not good at telling stories of the kind.
          D.She finds space research more important.
          62、From Paragraph 2, we can infer that people would attribute the author's
failures to ____
          A.the very fact that she is a woman
          B.her over-confidence as a female astrophysicist
          C.her involvement in gender politics
          D.the burden she bears in a male-dominated society
          63、What did the author constantly fight against while doing her Ph.D. and
post-doctoral research?
          A.Lack of confidence in succeeding in space science.
          B.Unfair accusations from both inside and outside her circle.
          C.People's stereotyped attitude towards female scientists.
          D.Widespread misconceptions about nature and nurture.
          64、Why does the author feel great satisfaction when talking about her
class?
          A.Female students no longer have to bother about gender issues.
          B.Her students' performance has brought back her confidence.
          C.Her female students can do just as well as male students.
          D.More female students are pursuing science than before.
          65、What does the image the author presents to her students suggest?
          A.Women students needn't have the concerns of her generation.
          B.Women have more barriers on their way to academic success.
          C.Women can balance a career in science and having a family.
          D.Women now have fewer problems pursuing a science career.
          Part IV Translation.(30minutes)
          过去的七年,中国的房地产(real
estate)业经历了前所未有的高速增长。对于那些月薪较低却渴望在大城市拥有一套属于自己的体面、舒适的栖身之所的人来说,高昂的房价是他们无法承受的负担。鉴于这一状况,政府近来采取了一系列的措施来防止房价过快增长,包括提高利率及增加房产税等。目前,这些措施在部分城市已经取得了初步的成效。
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 03:07:40 | 显示全部楼层

          答案:
          1-10 CDBAC DDADB 11-20 ACCAC CBDCA 21-25 BDADB
          26. ground breaking 27.quantify 28.concentation 29.Previous 30. a range
of
          31.obesity 32.lead to 33. at risk 34.fatigue 35.couples
          36-45 LGIDO FBMJC 46-55 FCDBI EJKIH 56-65 DBCBA BACDC
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