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2018年6月英语四级冲刺模拟题及答案(一)

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发表于 2018-5-31 22:51:31 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题,每小题2分,共40分)
          Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed
by four comprehension questions. Read the passage and answer the questions. Then
mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
          Passage 1
          Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
          Do you want to say what you think in a letter to the President of the
United States? You’ll get a reply from him—written in ink, not typed—after only
a few days.
          The President gets about 4,000 letters every week. He answers everyone who
writes to him on special Whites House paper. But he doesn’t need a lot of time
for it. In fact, he only gives 20 minutes a week to look at his personal
correspondence. He has the most modern secretary in the world to help him.
          It’s computer, worth £ 800,000,which has its own rooms on the first floor
of the White House. It has a bank of electronic pens which write like the
President writes, in his favorite light blue ink. Each letter the President
receives gets a number, according to the type of answer it needs. The pens then
write the correct reply for it, according to the number. Each letter takes less
than a second to write. A White House official said, “It’s not important that
letters come from a computer. Each letter says what the President wants to
say.”
          1. for a reply from the President.
          A. You have to wait a long time B. You only have to wait several days
          C. You have to wait at least one month D. You only have to wait a few
weeks
          2. The reply from the President .
          A. is always printed B. is always typed
          C. is always written in ink D. is always written by himself
          3. It takes the computer to write ten letters.
          A. no more than ten seconds B. a little more than ten seconds
          C. less than ten seconds D. at least one second
          4. The computer can be described as .
          A. expensive but efficient B. possessing a beautiful handwriting
          C. heavy and inefficient D. the President’s most reliable secretary
          5. It can be inferred from the passage that .
          A. the President never reads any letters written to him by ordinary
people
          B. the President hires a very efficient secretary to deal with his
correspondence
          C. the President does not really care about the letters he receives every
week
          D. the President is assured that the computer express his views in the
letters
            
            
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发表于 2018-5-31 23:26:49 | 显示全部楼层

          Passage 2
          Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
          In order to learn to be one’s true self, it is necessary to obtain a wide
and extensive knowledge of what has been said and done in the world; critically
to inquire into it; carefully to consider it; clearly to analyze it; and
earnestly to carry it out.
          It matters not what you learn, but when you once learn a thing, you must
never give it up until you have mastered it. It matters not what you inquire
into, but when you once inquire into a thing, you must never give it up until
you have thoroughly understood it. It matters not what you try to think out, but
when you once try to think out a thing, you must never give it up until you have
got what you want. It matters not what you try to carry out, but when you once
carry out a thing, you must never give it up until you have don’t it thoroughly
and well.
          If another man succeeds by one effort, you will use a hundred efforts. If
another man succeeds by ten efforts, you will use a thousand.
          6. According to the author, first of all one must .
          A. analyze B. inquire C. obtain knowledge D. act
          7. According to the author, .
          A. learning is not important B. thinking is not necessary
          C. knowledge means little D. it is not important what we learn
          8. The end of learning should be .
          A. thought B. mastery C. inquiry D. analysis
          9. According to the author, another man’s success should .
          A. make greater efforts B. make us nervous
          C. not be taken into consideration D. cause one to stop trying
          10. The author implies but does not say what .
          A. the way to knowledge is through specialization
          B. one has to know everything to be successful
          C. success depends not so much on natural ability as it does on effort
          D. success in one’s profession is latest important in one’s life
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 00:52:23 | 显示全部楼层

          Passage 3
          Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
          About 70 million Americans are trying to loss weight. That is almost 1 out
of every 3 people in the United States. Some people go on ideas. This means they
eat less certain foods, especially fats and sugars. Other people exercise with
especial equipment, take diet pills, or even have surgery. Losing weight is hard
work, and it can also cost a lot of money. So why do so many people in the
United States want to lose weight?
          Many people in the United States worry about not looking young and
attractive. For many people, looking good also means being thin. Other people
worry about their health. Many doctors say being overweight is not healthy. But
are Americans really fat? Almost 30 million Americans weight at least 20 percent
more than their ideal weight. In fact, the United State is the most overweight
country in the wild. “The stored fat of adult Americans weight 2.3 trillion
pounds,” says University of Massachusetts anthropologist (人类学家) George
Armelagos. He says burning off that stored energy would produce enough power for
900,000 cars to go 12,000 miles.
          Losing weight is hard work, but most people want to find a fast and easy
way to take off fat. Bookstores sell lots of diet books. These books tell
readers how to lose weight. Each year, dozens of new books like these are
written. Each one boasts to help people to get rid of fat.
          11. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way of losing weight?
          A. To eat less fats and sugars. B. To work hard.
          12. Many Americans are trying to lose weight because .
          A. they want to look attractive B. they are misled by doctors
          C. they want to keep fit D. both A and C
          13. The figures given in the second paragraph suggest that .
          A. Americans are dependent on cars B. cars consume a lot of money
          C. Americans need lose weight D. excess of fat can be a source of
energy
          14. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that .
          A. diet books are not always effective B. diet books are usually
helpful
          C. there are lots of ways of losing weight D. bookstores are keeping their
promises
          15. It can be concluded from the passage that .
          A. people think too much of their appearance
          B. there is not a sure way of losing weight as yet
          C. surgery is the fastest way of losing weight
          D. going on diet is a safe way of losing weight
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 02:26:45 | 显示全部楼层

          Passage 4
          Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
          I recently wrote an autobiography in which I recalled many old memories.
One of them was from my school days, when our ninth grade teacher, Miss Raber,
would pick out words from the Reader’s Digest to test our vocabulary.
          Today, more than 45 years later, I always check out “It pays to Enrich Your
Word Power” first when the Digest comes each month. I am impressed with that
idea, word power. Reader’s Digest knows the power that words have to move
people—to entertain, inform, and inspire. The Digest editors know that the big
word isn’t always the best word. Take just one example, a Quotable Quote form
the February 1985 issue: ”Time is a playful thing. It slips quickly and drinks
the day like a bowl of milk.”
          Nineteen words, only two of them more than one syllable, yet how much they
convey! That’s usually how it is with Reader’s Digest. Small and simple can be
profound.
          As chairman of a foundation to restore the Statue of Liberty, I’ve been
making a lot of speeches lately. I try to keep them fairly short. I use small
but vivid words: words like “hope”, “guts”, “faith”, “dreams”. Those are words
that move people and say so much about the spirit of America.
          Don’t get me wrong. I’m not against using big words, when it is right to do
so, but I have also learned that a small word can work a small miracle—if it’s
right word, in the right place, at the right time. It’s a “secret” that I hope
never forget.
          16. The passage is mainly about .
          A. one of the many old memories
          B. using simple words to express profound ideas
          C. Reader’s Digest and school speeches
          D. how to make effective speeches
          17. It seems that Reader’s Digest is a magazine popular with .
          A. people of all ages B. teenagers C. school teachers D. elderly
readers
          18. The example the author gives in the second paragraph might mean .
          A. one spends his day playing and drinking
          B. don’t waste your time as one does
          C. time slips easily if you don’t make good use of it
          D. time is just like drinking milk from a bowl
          19. The author’s “secret” is .
          A. to avoid using big words at any time
          B. to use words that have the power to move people
          C. to work a miracle by using a small word
          D. to use small and simple words where possible
          20. Accoeding to the author, well-chosen words can give people .
          A. hope, courage and ideas
          B. confidence, determination and strength
          C. pleasure, knowledge and encourage
          D. entertainment, information and power
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 03:11:58 | 显示全部楼层

          Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
          People with disabilities comprise a large part of the population. It is
estimated that over 35 million Americans have physical, mental, or other
disabilities. About half of these disabilities are “developmental”, i. e. , they
occur prior to the individual’s twenty-second birthday, often form genetic
conditions, and are severe enough to effect three or more areas of development,
such as mobility, communication, employment, etc. Most other disabilities are
considered “adventitious”, i.e. , accidental or caused by outside forces.
          Prior to the 20th century, only a small percentage of people with
disabilities survived for long. Medical treatment for these disabilities was
unavailable. Advancements in medicine and social services have created a climate
in which people with disabilities can expert to have such basic needs as food,
shelter, and medical treatment. Unfortunately, these basic are often not
available. Civil liberties such as the right to vote, marry, get an education,
and again employment have historically been denied on the basic of
disability.
          In recent decades, the disability rights movement has been organized to
flight against these infringements (侵害) of civil rights. Congress responded by
passing major legislation recognizing people with disabilities as protected
class under civil rights statutes.
          Still today, people with disabilities must fight to live their lives
independently. It is estimated that more than half of qualified Americans with
disabilities are unemployed, and a majority of those who do work are
underemployed. About two-thirds live at or below the official poverty level.
          Significant barriers, especially in transportation and public awareness,
prevent disabled people from taking part in society. For example, while no
longer prohibited by law from marrying, a person with no access to
transportation is effectively excluded from community and social activities
which might lead to the development of long-term relationships.
          It will only be when public attitudes advance as far as laws are that
disabled people will be fully able to take to their right place in society.
          16. ”developmental” disability .
          A. develops very slowly over time B. is caused forces
          C. occurs in youth and affects development D. is getting more and more
severe
          17. Most disabled people used to die early because .
          A. disabilities destroyed major bodily functions B. they were not very well
looked after
          C. medical techniques were not available D. they were too poor to get
proper treatment
          18. In the author’s opinion, to enable the disabled people to take their
rightful place in society, .
          A. more laws should be passed B. public attitudes should be changed
          C. government should provide more aids D. more public facilities should be
act up
          19. Which of the following cannot be inferred from the passage?
          A. Many disabled people may remain single for their whole life.
          B. The public tends to look down upon the disabled people.
          C. The disabled people feel inferior to those surrounding them.
          D. Discriminatory (有差别的) laws prevent the disabled from mixing with
others.
          20. The best title for this passage might be .
          A. Handicaps of People with Disabilities B. The Difficulties of the
Disabled
          C. The Causes for Disabilities D. Medical Treatments for Disabilities
          Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题,每小题1分,共40分)
          Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each
sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the
sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
          21. It’s still early in the morning. There isn’t in the office.
          A. anyone B. everyone C. nobody D. any people
          22. is not known what they discussed in the meeting.
          A. That B. He C. This D. It
          23. Yhe sad news broke her and she has been gloomy ever since.
          A. feelings B. emotions C. mind D. heart
          24. He is much of a gentleman to fight.
          A. so B. as C. very D. too
          25. Not until this term to realize how important this subject is to his
future career as a diplomat.
          A. he began B. ha has begun C. did he begin D. that ha has begun
          26. who would like to go on the trip should put their names on the
list.
          A. Those B. These C. Somebody D. The ones
          27. A bottle weighs less after air is taken out, proves that air has
weight.
          A. we B. it C. which D. what
          28. How long ?
          A. you suppose did it last B. do you suppose it lasted
          C. did you suppose it last D. you suppose it lasted
          29. Smmith had some trouble the man’s accent.
          A. to understand B. understanding C. for understanding D. with
understanding
          30. The next few days could be for the peace negotiation.
          A. maximum B. practical C. critical D. urgent
          31. He quite a lot when he was young.
          A. used to travel B. used to traveling C. was used to travel D. would used
to travel
          32. You me your telephone number in case someone wants to contact you.
          A. had better give B. had better given C. had better to give D. had better
gave
          33. Mary used to the room with Linda.
          A. separate B. divide C. hold D. share
          34. —Must we hand in our exercise-books now?
          —No, you .
          A. mustn’t B. don’t C. needn’t D. can’t
          35. She pulled away from the window anyone should see them.
          A. lest B. even though C. unless D. only if
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 04:22:47 | 显示全部楼层

          36. Not a has been found so far that can help the police find the
criminal.
          A. fact B. clue C. symbol D. sign
          37. She would make a teacher far superior the average.
          A. over B. than C. beyond D. to
          38. Radio is different from television in it sends and receives
pictures.
          A. which B. that C. what D. this
          39. Tom and jack have returned but students of the group haven’t come back
yet.
          A. other B. the others C. others D. another
          40. It half a year since we to study in this university.
          A. is; come B. is; have come
          C. has been; came D. has been; have come
          41. The fact that something is cheap doesn’t mean it is of low quality.
          A. necessarily B. especially C. essentially D. practically
          42. They set off by car and the nearest town.
          A. made for B. made after C. made out D. made to
          43. Take this baggage and you can find enough room.
          A. put it which B. put it in which
          C. put it at where D. put it wherever
          44. He doesn’t want that he’s going away.
          A. . to be known B. him to be known
          C. that to be known D. it to be known
          45. The noise around was terrible, but I had to it.
          A. keep away from B. keep up with C. live with D. live on
          46. He that his guests were bored, although they were listening
politely.
          A. impressed B. sensed C. inferred D. identified
          47. On Sundays I prefer at home to out.
          A. to say; go B. stay; going C. staying; going D. staying; go
          48. I’d like to write to him, but what’s the ? He never writes back.
          A. significance B. business C. point D. purpose
          49. There were opinions as to the best location for the new school.
          A. disagreeing B. conflicting C. rejecting D. reverting
          50. by the news of his father’s death, he could hardly utter a word.
          A. To be stunned B. Stunned C. To stun D. Stunning
          51. , we’d better make some changes in the plan.
          A. That is the case B. That been the case
          C. That to be the case D. That being the case
          52. They have equipped the office with the business machines.
          A. last B. latter C. latest D. later
          53. The police found that George had still another of income.
          A. origin B. source C. basis D. means
          54. An open-minded teacher doesn’t always one single teaching method.
          A. set aside B. take over C. take on D. stick to
          55. Much to the student’s , the exam was postponed.
          A. burden B. concern C. relief D. requirement
          56. Children normally feel a lot of about their first day at school.
          A. anxiety B. difference C. feelings D. trouble
          57. The weather was hot that she decided to have the barber her
hairstyle.
          A. rather; to change B. so; change
          C. much too; change D. too; changed
          58. She meet her former instructor on the bus.
          A. delighted to B. happened to C. pleased to D. tended to
          59. Just as no two words are truly synonymous no two different expressions
can mean exactly the same thing.
          A. rather B. also C. yet D. so
          60. The new engineer’s suggestions were in the revised plan.
          A. entitled B. engaged C. embodied D. estimated
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 04:45:07 | 显示全部楼层

          Part III Cloze (共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)
          Directions: There are twenty blanks in the following passage. For each
blank there are four choices. Choose the one that best fits into the passage and
then marks your answer on the Answer Sheet.
          Before the 20th century the horse provided day to day transportation in the
United States. Trains were used only for long-distance transportation.
          Today the car is the most popular 61 of transportation in all of the United
States. It has completely 62 the horse as a means of everyday transportation.
Americans use their cars for 63 90 percent of all personal 64 .
          Most Americans are able to 65 cars.
          The average price of a 66 made car was 1 050 in 1950, 1 740 in 1960 and up
to 1 750 67 1975. During this period American car manufacturers set about 68
their products and work efficiency.
          As a result, the yearly income of the 69 family increased from 1950 to 1975
70 than the price of cars. For this reason 71 a new car takes a smaller 72 of a
family’s total earnings today.
          In 1951 73 it took 8.1 months of an average family’s 74 to buy a new car.
In 1962 a new car 75 8.3 of a family’s annual earnings. By 1975 it only took
4.75 76 income. In addition, the 1975 cars were technically 77 to models from
previous years.
          The 78 of the automobile extends throughout the economy 79 the car is so
important to Americans. Americans spend more money to 80 their cars running than
on any other item.
          61. A. kinds B. means C. mean D. types
          62. A. denied B. reproduced C. replaced D. ridiculed
          63. A. hardly B. nearly C. certainly D. somehow
          64. A. trip B. works C. business D. travel
          65. A. buy B. sell C. race D. see
          66. A. quickly B. regularly C. rapidly D. recently
          67. A. on B. in C. behind D. about
          68. A. raising B. making C. reducing D. improving
          69. A. unusual B. interested C. average D. biggest
          70. A. slowest B. equal C. faster D. less than
          71. A. bringing B. obtain C. bought D. purchasing
          72. A. part B. half C. number D. side
          73. A. clearly B. proportionally C. percentage D. suddenly
          74. A. income B. work C. plans D. debts
          75. A. used B. spend C. cost D. needed
          76. A. months’ B. dollars C. family D. year
          77. A. famous B. superior C. fastest D. purchasing
          78. A. running B. notice C. influence D. discussion
          79. A. then B. as C. so D. which
          80. A. start B. leave C. keep D. repair
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 06:08:36 | 显示全部楼层

          Methods of studying vary; what works 61 for some students doesn’t work at
all for others. The only thing you can do is experiment 62 you find a system
that does work for you. But one thing is sure: 63 else can do your studying for
you. Meantime, there are a few rules that 64 for everybody. The hint is “doesn’t
get 65 “. The problem of studying, 66 enough to start with, becomes almost 67
when you are trying to do 68 in one weekend. 69 the fastest readers have trouble
70 that. And if you are behind in written work that must be 71 , the teacher who
accept it 72 late will probably not give you good credit. Perhaps he may not
accept it 73 . Getting behind in one class because you are spending so much time
on another is really no 74 . Feeling pretty virtuous about the seven hours you
spend on chemistry won’t 75 one bit if the history teacher pops a quiz. And many
freshmen do get into trouble by spending too much time on one class at the 76 of
the others, either because they like one class much better or because they find
it so much harder than they think, they should 77 all their time to it. 78 the
reason, going the whole work for one class and neglecting the rest of them is a
mistake, if you face this 79 , begin with the shortest and easiest 80 . Get them
out of the way and then go to the more difficult, time consuming work.
          61. A. good B. easily C. sufficiently D. well
          62. A. until B. after C. while D. so
          63. A. somebody B. nobody C. everybody D. anybody
          64. A. follow B. go C. operate D. work
          65. A. behind B. after C. slow D. later
          66. A. hardly B. unpleasant C. hard D. heavy
          67. A. important B. necessary C. impossible D. inevitable
          68. A. three week’s work B. three week’s works C. Three weeks’ work D.
three week’s works
          69. A. Even B. Almost C. If D. With
          70. A. to do B. doing C. at doing D. with doing
          71. A. turned in B. tuned up C. turned out D. given in
          72. A. vary B. quite C. such D. too
          73. A. anyway B. either C. at all D. that
          74. A. solution B. method C. answer D. excuse
          75. A. help B. encourage C. assist D. improve
          76. A. expense B. pay C. debt D. charge
          77. A. devote B. put C. spend D. take
          78. A. Whichever B. Whatever C. However D. Wherever
          79. A. attraction B. decision C. temptation D. dilemma
          80. A. arrangements B. way C. assignments D. class
            
            
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          Part IV Translation (共35分)
          Section A (共5小题,每小题4分,共20分)
          Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. You may refer
to the corresponding passages in Part I.
          81、It has a bank of electronic pens which write like the President writes,
in his favorite light blue ink. (Passage One)
          82、In order to learn to be one’s true self, it is necessary to obtain a
wide and extensive knowledge of what has been said and done in the world.
(Passage Two)
          83、Almost 30 million Americans weight at least 20 percent more than their
ideal weight. In fact, the United State is the most overweight country in the
wild. (Passage Three)
          84、One of them was from my school days, when our ninth grade teacher, Miss
Raber, would pick out words from the Reader’s Digest to test our vocabulary.
(Passage Four)
          85、I’m not against using big words, when it is right to do so, but I have
also learned that a small word can work a small miracle—if it’s right word, in
the right place, at the right time. (Passage Four)
          84、About half of these disabilities are “developmental”, i. e. , they occur
prior to the individual’s twenty-second birthday, often form genetic conditions,
and are severe enough to effect three or more areas of development, such as
mobility, communication, employment, etc. (Passage Four)
          85、It will only be when public attitudes advance as far as laws are that
disabled people will be fully able to take to their right place in society.
(Passage Four)
          Section B (共5小题,每小题3分,共15分)
          Directions: Translate the following sentences into English.
          86、他全神贯注在工作上,并没有听到任何人敲门。
          87、那个工厂面临的问题是如何提高产品的质量。
          88、如果你想通过考试,你就得集中精力提高听力技能。
          89、正是司机的粗心才导致了那场事故。
          90、我不认为你应该立即照他的建议行动。
            
            
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发表于 2018-6-1 07:51:53 | 显示全部楼层

          Part V Writing (共15分)
          Directions: In this part you are required to write an essay about Saving
Energies and Resources. You should write at least 120 words and base your
composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
          1、随着社会的发展,厉行节约越来越重要;
          2、生活中许多方面都可以节约;
          3、每个人都应该养成节约的好习惯。
            
            
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