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发表于 2018-3-7 22:59:55 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  An MBA is a fast ticket to the big time. On average, those who complete a
course with a top school can expect to earn six-figure salaries three years
after graduation. But despite generous scholarships and campaigns to encourage
them to apply, women are a minority on prestigious business school courses.
          Four in 10 applicants on two-year, full-time MBAs in 2017 were women,
compared with 33 per cent in 2013, according to the Graduate Management
Admission Council. But women’s growing interest in business education has not
led to more diverse MBA cohorts. Five years ago, women accounted for a third of
students on the top 100 MBA programmes ranked by the Financial Times. Today, the
figure has barely budged.
          管理学研究生入学委员会(Graduate Management Admission
          The average cost of an MBA is $100,000 plus an average opportunity cost, or
the income lost from not working, of $103,000, FT data show. Given that women’s
salaries on average were 91 per cent of their male peers before joining MBA
programmes ranked by outcomes for women, saving up the cost of such personal
investment is a greater sacrifice for women.
          And there is evidence to suggest that an MBA exaggerates the gender pay
gap: three years after graduation women on average made 86 per cent of their
male peers’ pay, the data reveal.
          Women receive a lower return on investment, says Elissa Ellis Sangster,
executive director of Forte Foundation, a consortium of business schools and
companies trying to improve women’s access to business education. But, she adds,
“the return will still be high”.
          复地基金会是一个由商学院和企业组成的团体,旨在改善女性获得商科教育的渠道。其执行总监爱丽萨.埃利斯.桑斯特(Elissa Ellis
          Either way, women need to know that their investment is going to pay off.
That means taking into account which MBA will help them counter future pay
discrimination, and which schools are best at teaching and developing their
female graduates while promoting them to employers.
          The FT’s Global MBA ranking, published in January, does not capture whether
women do as well as their male peers on graduation. That is why, for the first
time, the FT has ranked business schools according to their outcomes for women —
and the results are significantly different.
          The top MBAs for women ranking tells us at which schools women perform
best, and where there seems to be a gap between the outcomes of male and female
          Some schools that rank in the mid-range of the Global MBA ranking shoot to
the top in this new ranking. Most of those are based in China, including
Shanghai Jiao Tong: Antai, which tops the list.
          Emily Jin graduates from Antai’s part-time MBA programme in May. She says
Chinese women’s interest in business education is growing as they get richer.
“Especially in Shanghai, women are more and more independent and decide to spend
their own money to develop themselves,” says Ms Jin.
          Originally from Fuzhou in southern China, Ms Jin has worked in Shanghai for
many years. She chose to study for an MBA in order to develop her network and
switch from a career in marketing to a more innovative area, perhaps artificial
intelligence, she says.
          Why study part-time? “I have a son, and so I needed the flexibility to keep
working,” she says.
          Four Chinese schools make the top 50. So what do Chinese business schools
do differently that works for women? The answer lies in the workplace, says
Mantian Wang, director of Antai’s International MBA programme. Although Chinese
society encourages women to start a family at an early age, women are also
offered equal opportunities at work — and they grab them.
          “We provide flexibility to our students on a case-by-case basis,” Ms Wang
adds, pointing out that women are more likely to ask for flexible schedules to
spend time with their families. “But we also have a tradition of grandparents
helping out a lot with the family.”
          The new ranking also sheds light on which business education providers
really work for women. In the methodology, alumna salaries three years after
graduation — both the absolute figure and increase — were given a weight of 15
per cent each.
          We considered other criteria, such as gender balance among students and
faculty, and the extent to which female graduates say they achieved their
          But success for women is not just about take-home pay. It is also about the
difference in pay after graduation. So we measured the average female graduate
salary as a proportion of the average male salary after three years in the
workplace, and gave that criteria equal weight.

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