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2018年6月英语四级词汇练习及答案(44)

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发表于 2018-2-13 22:59:12 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  1. Would you mind ____ quiet for a moment? I'm trying ____ of form.
          A) keeping,to fill out
          B) keeping,filling out
          C) keep,to fill out
          D) to keep,to fill out
          2. Mercury is different from other industrial metals ____ it is a
liquid.
          A) because of
          B) whereas
          C) in that
          D) though
          3. He made a hypothesis ____ the great storms on the sun create large
amounts of electric energy.
          A) why B) which
          C) when D) that
          4. He had the ____ over other boys of having had very good preschool
education.
          A) alternative B) advantage
          C) ability D) challenge
          5. ____ went to the birthday party last night.
          A) Many friends of John
          B) Many John’s friends
          C) Many of John friends
          D) Many friends of John's
          6. —"Are you tired?"
          —"No, not ____."
          A) in the least
          B) at the least
          C) so to speak
          D) at least
          7. The notice says that no books in the reading room are allowed ____ out
of it.
          A) to take
          B) take
          C) taking
          D) to be taken
          8. ____ in the front row and ____ a pair of binoculars I saw everything
          clearly and beautifully.
          A) Seated,using
          B) Seating,using
          C) Seated,used
          D) Seating,used
          9. ____ they want to the bar to enjoy a drink.
          A) No sooner had they got to know the news when
          B) Hardly they had got to know the news than
          C) No sooner had they got to know the news than
          D) Scarcely had they got to know the news than
          10. At the beginning of a year, everybody ____ many plans for the
comingdays.
          A) come up with
          B) come up to
          C) come through
          D) come round
          答案与解析:
          1.A
          安静一会儿好吗?我正在填表。习惯用法的考查。Would you mind doing something?(你介意做……吗?)。 try to do
something(努力或设法做……。)
          2.C
          水银不同于其他的金属,因为它是液体。
          A)because of因为、由于,后接名词。B)though而、却。C)in that因为,由于,后接从句。D)though尽管。
          3.D
          他做了一个假想:太阳系一场巨大风暴能产生出大量电能。本题属同位语从句。that引导的从句做抽象名词hypothesis的同位语。
          4.B
          在接受良好的学前教育方面,他比其他的孩子有优势。习惯用法的考查。have the advantage
over在……方面占优势。A)alternative二者择一;C)ability能力;D)challenge挑战。
          5.D
          昨晚约翰的很多朋友去参加了生日晚会。本句考查的是语法中名词的双重所有格:of + 名词’s ,此结构常用于表示部分概念或带有一定的感情色彩。
          6.A
          ——“你累吗?”——“一点儿也不累。”习惯用法的考查。A)not in the least 一点儿也不;B)at (the) least至少;C)so
to speak可以这么说。
          7.D
          告示上说阅览室的书不允许被带出去。本题考查动词的用法。动词allow后跟不定式做宾语。本题属于被动语态,故应用be allowed to be
done。
          8.A
          坐在前排,用望远镜我能清楚地看到所有的事物。本题考查分词的用法。seat一词的用法较为特殊,它的被动形式常表示主动的意义。
          9.C
          他们一知道那个消息,就去酒吧喝酒庆祝。本题考查倒装。no sooner...than...,
hardly/scarcely...when...,都表示“一……就……”。当no sooner或
hardly/scarcely置于句首时,主谓要倒装。
          10.A
          新年伊始,每个人都为将来制定了很多计划。动词词组的考查。A) come up with(提出、提供)。B)come to合计、苏醒;C)come
through通过、穿过;D)come round过来、绕过。
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