英语学习论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 25|回复: 0

2018年6月六级翻译练习题:汉语桥

[复制链接]

36万

主题

36万

帖子

108万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
1086282
发表于 2018-1-13 13:27:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  英语六级翻译练习题:汉语桥
          “汉语桥”世界大学生中文比赛(the "Chinese Bridge" Chinese Proficiency Competition for
Foreign College Students)是由国家汉办(the Office of Chinese Language Council
International)主办的大规模国际性比赛。到目前为止,这个一年一度的比赛已经成功举办了12届。今年的决赛共有来自77个不同国家的123名选手(contestant)参加。该赛旨在激发各国学生学习汉语的兴趣及加强世界对汉语和中国文化的了解。
同时,这个比赛也建立起中国年轻大学生和其他国家学生之间沟通的桥梁。
          参考译文
          The "Chinese Bridge" Chinese Proficiency Competition for Foreign College
Students is a large-scale international competition sponsored by the Office of
Chinese Language Council International So far this yearly event has been
successfully held for 12 times. A total of 123 contestants from 77 different
countries participated in the finals this year. The "Chinese Bridge" Competition
aims to arouse the interest of students in various countries in learning Chinese
and strengthen the world's understanding of Chinese language and culture. It
also builds a communication bridge between young college students of China and
other countries.
          表达难点
          1.第1句中的定语“由国家汉办主办的”较长,故将其处理成后置定语,用过去分词短语sponsored by…引出,表被动。
          2.第2句中的“已经成功举办了12届”形式上为主动句,其含义却表被动,译成英文时要采用被动语态,故译作has been successful held
for 12 times.
          3.第3句“今年的决赛共有来自77个不同国家的123名选手参加”如果直译成the finals of this year had 123
contestants…,不符合英文表达习惯:翻译时,先确定好主要结构(a total of 123 contestants participated in
the finals)。“来自77个不同国家的”作主语的后置定语,用介词短语from 77 different
countries来表达。时间状语“今年”置于句末。
          4.最后一句中的“建立起中国年轻大学生和其他国家学生之间沟通的桥梁”如果逐字对译为builds a communication bridge
between Chinese young college students and students in other
countries则显重复啰嗦。故“省译”两个“学生”中的一个,把“中国”和“其他国家”处理成后置定语,表达为between young college
students of China and other countries.
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号 )

GMT+8, 2018-10-18 07:07 , Processed in 0.038854 second(s), 7 queries , WinCache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表