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【BEC写作】常用图表短语总结

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发表于 2017-11-6 21:17:59 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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                今天来总结下BEC考试中图表题的常见句型和短语~
       
               

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                                        注意:

                                        最好与题目使用不同的描述方法。

                                        图

                                        chart/graph/diagram/table/pie chart/line graph

                                        根据图表可以看出

                                        From the chart we can see that…/According to the chart we can see that…

                                        这个图能显现出

                                        The chart shows, depicts, demonstrates, displays, reflects, illustrates…/The pie chart is about .../The bar chart deals with ... /The slices of the pie chart compare the …

         
        举个例子~
        题目为:
        The chart below shows the proportions of English men and women of different ages who were living alone in 2011.
        可以改动为:
        The chart compares the the proportions of single-occupant female and male households in England from different age groups in 2011.
         
       

1a0840b63f97030c57a51279dea101c748.png

1a0840b63f97030c57a51279dea101c748.png

       

                                        注意:

                                        选择最为突出的那个变化特征。

                                         

                                        增长

                                        动词:Increase to/by, Go up to, Rise to, Grow to, Jump to, Leap to, Soar to, Shoot to
                                       
                                        名词:An increase of, A growth of, An upward trend, A jump, A soar

                                        可以通过动名词呼唤实现variation,比如:the number of single people falls after a soar.

                                        下降

                                        动词:Fall to, Decrease to, Go down to, Slide to, Decline to, Drop to, Collapse to, Plunge to
                                       
                                        名词:A decrease of, A fall of, A decline of, A drop of, A collapse of

                                        同上

                                        持平

                                        Keep steady, Remain constant, Stay the same, Hardly change, Have little change, Level off at, Remain unchanged

                                        Level off at:上升之后开始稳定

                                        回升

                                        Take up at
                                        Recover/recovery at
                                        Pick up

                                         

                                        波动

                                        Fluctuate around
                                        Fluctuate sharply all through

                                         

                                        程度副词

                                        大幅度:Considerably, Dramatically, Greatly, Markedly, Obviously, Quickly, Rapidly, Sharply, Significantly, Suddenly
                                       
                                        小幅度;Gradually, Slowly, Slightly, Steadily

                                         

                                        表时间的介词

                                        In/From…to…/Between…and…
                                        During…and…/
                                        At the start of…/By the end of…
                                        Over…/Throughout…

                                         

                                        顶点/最低点

                                        Peak in/at, Reach a peak at, Reach a high point at, ... has the largest (number of) ...
                                        ... has the second largest (number of) ...
                                       
                                       
                                        Bottom out, Reach a low point at

                                         

                                        比较

                                        Compared with…Higher/larger/smaller/lower/bigger…
                                        3 times the size of…, (twice)as big as ...
                                        only one third of…, less than half of...

                                         

                                        占比

                                       
                                        The proportion of A to B
                                        make up, account for, represent, take up

                                         

         
        以上为常用的一些短语,接下来练习一篇图表题~
        How would you write a report about the following charts?
       
                The bar chart below shows the proportions of English men and women of different ages who were living alone in 2011...The pie chart compares the numbers of bedrooms in these one-person households.
       
                 
       
                Living alone in England by age and gender, 2011
               

       
               

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                Number of bedrooms in one-person households (England, 2011)
       
               

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                                                Introduction
                                                The two charts give information about single-occupant households in England in the year 2011. The bar chart compares figures for occupants' age and gender, and the pie chart shows data about the number of bedrooms in these homes.
                                                Body
                                                A significant majority of the people aged 65 or over who were living alone in England in 2011 were female. Women made up around 72% of single occupants aged 75 to 84, and 76% of those aged 85 or over. By contrast, among younger adults the figures for males were higher. For example, in the 35-49 age category, men accounted for nearly 65% of people living alone.
                                       
                                                In the same year, 35.4% of one-person households in England had two bedrooms, while one-bedroom and three-bedroom homes accounted for 28% and 29.8% of the total. Under 7% of single-occupant homes had four or more bedrooms.
                                                Conclusion
                                                Overall, females made up a higher proportion of people living alone than males, and this difference is particularly noticeable in the older age categories. We can also see that the most common number of bedrooms in a single-occupant home was two.
                               

       
               
       
               
        Reference:
        例题来源于simon的网站。
       

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        以上为本期的主要内容。对于相关内容有疑问或意见的请留言哦~
         
       

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