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巧学英语语法:考生备考定语从句容易犯的七个错点

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:47:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  一、混淆定语从句与并列句
          请看下面两题:
          (1) He has two children, and both of _____ are abroad.
          A. them B. which C. whom D. who
          (2) He has two children, both of _____ are abroad.
          A. them B. which C. whom D. who
          【分析】第(1)题选A,第(2)题选C。由于第(1)题中用了并列连词and,从而使整个句子为并列句,and后应是一个独立的简单句,所以选A不选C;第(2)题没有并列连词and,both of whom are abroad为非限制性定语从句。
          二、混淆定语从句与表语(从句)
          请看下面的试题:
          (1) Your coat is still _____ you left it.
          A. where B. there C. there where D. the place where
          【分析】答案选A,where引导的是表语从句(=在…的地方),而不是定语从句。
          (2) Is this school _____ your father worked in ten years ago?
          A. where B. what C. that D. the one
          【分析】答案选D,this school为句子主语,the one 为表语,your father worked in…为定语从句。不要误认为this是句子主语,否则school前应加冠词the。比较:
          Is this the school _____ your father worked in ten years ago?
          A. where B. what C. that D. the one (选C)
          Is this the school _____ your father worked ten years ago?
          A. where B. what C. that D. the one (选A)
          三、混淆定语从句与状语从句
          请看下面的试题:
          (1) I went upstairs ______I heard some crying.
          A. where B. when C. that D. which
          【分析】答案是B而不是A,when的意思是“当…的时候”,引导的是时间状语从句。(upstairs为副词,不宜用作先行词)
          (2) He is _____ a clever boy _____ we all like.
          A. such, that B. such, as C. so, that D. so, as
          【分析】答案应选B,而不是A。such … that …(如此…以致…)用于引导结果状语从句,其中的that不充当句子成分,而such…as…中的as为关系代词,用以引导定语从句并在定语从句充当句子成分。上句中第二空之所以选as,是因为它用作动词like宾语。
          四、误加与关系代词同义的人称代词
          误:He is a man everyone respects him.
          正:He is a man everyone respects. 他是一个人人都敬重的人。
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