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语法宝典:宾语从句用法详解(例句丰富)(下)

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:45:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  宾语从句用法详解(例句丰富)(下)
          二、宾语从句与形式宾语it
          当宾语从句后跟有宾语补足语时,通常在宾语从句处使用形式宾语it,而将真正的宾语从句移至句末:
          I think it best that you should stay here. 我认为你最好住这儿。
          He hasn’t made it known when he is going to get married. 他还没宣布他何时结婚。
          She found it difficult to answer the question. 她发现回答这个问题很困难。
          He feels it his duty to hetp others. 他认为帮助别人是他的责任。
          He thought it best to be on his guard. 他认为他最好还是要警惕。
          He made it a rule to speak in Parliament at least once every session. 他规定自己在议会每次开会时至少发一次言。
          I find it interesting talking go you. 我觉得同你谈话很有意思。
          I consider it wrong to cheat in an examination. 我认为考试作弊是不对的。
          三、连词that的省略问题
          引导宾语从句的连词that 通常可以省略:
          She said (that) she would come to the meeting. 她说过要来开会的。
          I promise you (that) I will be there. 我答应你我会去。
          I hoped (that) I would / should succeed. 我曾希望我会成功。
          He thinks (that) they will give him a visa. 他想他们会给他签证。
          He thought (that) they would give him 3 visa. 他本想他们会给他签证。
          I expect (that) the plane will he diverted. 我料想飞机会改变航线。
          I expected (that) the plane would be diverted. 我本料想飞机会改变航线。
          Everybody knows (that) money doesn’t grow on trees. 众所周知,金钱是不会从树上长出来的。
          I suggested (that) they should / shouldn’t drive along the coast. 我建议他们沿着 / 不要沿着海岸开车。
          【注】有时为了强调,that引导的宾语从句可位于句首,此时that不可省略:
          That she is a good girl I know. 她是一个好姑娘,我是知道的。
          四、宾语从句与否定转移
          当动词think, believe, suppose, expect, imagine 后接一个表示否定意义的宾语从句时,其否定通常转移到主语:
          I don’t suppose that it is true. 我认为那不是真的。
          I don’t imagine that he will come. 我想他不会来的。(from www.yygrammar.com)
          I don’t think we need waste much time on it. 我想我们不必在这上面花太多时间
          We didn’t think we’d be this late. 我们没想到我们会到得这么晚。
          I don’t suppose I’ll trouble you again. 我想我不要再麻烦你了。
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