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2013年考研英语作文:常用高分句型

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发表于 2016-7-10 14:42:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  短文高分句型
          1、常见起始句型
          英文文章的开头有很多方法,下面列出了一些常见的文章开头方法以及相应的句型,以供大家参考。尽管现在的考研作文大部分是图画作文,要求考生在起始段中描述图画内容,但是考生仍然可以在起始段中灵活运用以下方法。
          定义法:
          Generation gap refers to the lack of understanding between generations caused by their different attitudes and experiences. It is a common phenomenon that exists everywhere and has a great influence on the relationship between generations.
          Competition, as a great force to call on people to develop constantly, has already been critical in the modern society.
          Honesty refers to the quality of a person who tells the truth and works without cheating. Honesty is regarded as the most important virtue admired everywhere.
          Blog is a new fashion among citizens. It sprung up when more and more people are possessing personal computers. It is a new kind of life style, learning style and work style.
          问题法:
          Do you believe that everyone is born to a certain fate that he cannot change? Or do you think, as I do, that each person makes his own fate?
          With the development of China’s opening-up and reform, many parents intend to have their children get a foreign education. What do you think of sending teenagers to study abroad?
          With the advance and development of the society, the requirement on individuals becomes more and more demanding. Then how to get well-prepared for challenges in this competitive world becomes a hot issue for many people.
          Nowadays tuition and fees for college are much higher than ever before. How to finance one’s college education has become a matter of great concern for many people, particularly the young students and their family.
          对比法:
          As regards the farmer migration into the cities, there has been a heated discussion among the general public in our society. The majority of people argue that this mass migration is beneficial to the development of both the countryside and the cities. Other people, however, hold that there are more disadvantages arising from this migration movement.
          When it comes to the issue of whether college students should set up their company, some people think that it is a good way to apply the book knowledge to the practice. Others argue that students, whose main task is to study, should not ruin their time and energy like that, thus should be prohibited.
          There is a heated discussion today about whether the parents should send their children studying abroad. Those who oppose this phenomenon argue that it brings a great burden and pressure to the family, and for students they cannot adapt to the new culture very quickly. But people who are in favor of such behavior maintain that children will be more competitive and well repaid in the future life.
          引用法:
          A popular saying goes like this, “everything has two sides”. It is the same with the private cars. The advantages of owning a private car go along with its disadvantages.
          A proverb says, “Time is money”, but I think time is more precious than money, for we can earn more money when we’ve spent some, but lost time can never be found again.
          The elders always remind us that slow and careful work yields perfect results.
          As the old Chinese saying goes, only through reading thousands of books can one write fluently.
          事实陈述法:
          The earth is now burdened with overcrowded population while much of its natural resources are exhausted aimlessly.
          With the rapid development of industry, the environment is being destroyed without any mercy from man. Trees are cut down, rare animals get killed, rivers drain dry, and mountains become bare. With the damage comes the punishment of the nature, such as flood, sandstorm, drought, plague, unknown virus, etc.
          The past few years have witnessed a frantically increasing interest in buying lottery tickets, especially for the young people. Some people even go so far to quit their work and make it their career, which means great risks.
          With the economic development of our country, more and more university students are engaged in the activities of doing part-time jobs. As a college student, I always wonder whether it is good or bad for us to do so.
          观点阐述法:
          It is generally believed that the heavy summer flooding resulted from the extensive deforestation. Experts argue that China must introduce a massive planting program to cope with this disaster. But I doubt whether this program alone will solve the problem.
          It is widely acknowledged that too much indulgence is prone to spoil the child and brings them no good.
          Currently/Recently/Nowadays/At the present/At the present stage/ there is a widespread/widely-held concern/opinion/ belief/ view that …
          Now people in growing number are coming to realize that…
          Recently the issue of … has been brought to public attention.
          One great man once mentioned that … Now more and more people share the belief.
          There is no denying / doubt that …
          Recently attention/stress has been placed/ laid upon …
          When asked about the question/matter/problem of… some/many/few/most people …
          Now it is generally/commonly / widely held / thought that…, but I wonder / doubt that…
          There is a heated discussion / debate/ controversy now about the issue of …
          The topic / issue / attitude of … is quite popular among …
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-10 15:51:49 | 显示全部楼层

          图画描述法:
          As is shown/described in the pictures above, we can see clearly that a flower, with the protection from the heavy rain, grows very well in a green house. But once removed the protection and exposed to the bitter weather, it withers and fades.
          In the picture, we can see clearly that all of the men are working together to build a house. Without their combined effort, the house would be unlikely to be completed. This is a kind of teamwork spirit that is highly valued in today’s society.
          The primary purpose of this picture lies in the criticism of the moral degradation.
          It goes without saying that the drawings aim at revealing a common and serious problem in China: how to educate and cultivate the young.
          The cartoon features a man who looks fat, wealthy and edacious.
          What the drawing is trying to express is very conspicuous.
          A first glance at this cartoon tells us that a matchmaker is attempting to create a sense of crush between a man and a woman.
          The picture describes an increasingly common scenario in today’s world.
          Almost everybody who lives in the urban areas of China is familiar with the phenomenon shown in this picture.
          This is a very thought-provoking picture. / The cartoon reveals a very thought-provoking scene. / This is quite an extraordinary and meaningful picture.
          It is a very alarming cartoon, in which hundreds of new-born babies are crying for food but there are only two bowls of porridge available.
          The title of the picture further points out that to read books means to enlighten and development our thoughts with the help of other’s thinking.
          This picture describes the scene of…
          The cartoon reveals an astonishing scenario that…
          The cartoon features the sharp contrast between…
          The picture presents an interesting scenario occurring in…
          It goes without saying that this picture aims at revealing a current problem:
          It is a very eye-catching photo in which…
          The drawing portrays a tragic scene in which…
          In the picture, we are amazed to find that …
          Basically, what we see in this cartoon is…
          As the caption points out …
          The picture depicts …
          As is suggested by the picture …
          图表描述法:
          As is shown in the graph, it can be easily concluded that the past twenty years have seen some ups and downs in China’s growth rate whereas there has been a steady increase in the amount of GDP.
          As is shown in the graph, the US population has been increasing dramatically since 1800. It had a much sharper increase from 1940 to 1990, reaching the peak at 250 million.
          From the pie chart, we can find that among 5.5 billion people in the world, the smokers almost account for 20 percent of the total population.
          From the above bar chart, we can learn that the life expectancy in the developing countries rose greatly from 1960 to 1990 with the infant mortality declining sharply.
          The key findings taken from the survey are as follows: different people do not use the library in the same way. Their age, education background, and even their sex may affect their choice of library materials they need.
          The several points compared in this table calls for our attention.
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-10 17:09:04 | 显示全部楼层

          2、中间段落拓展句型
          描述原因的句型
          due to /because of /for the reason that
          The chief reason why… is that …
          Now that…
          Another factor/ reason is that…
          There are ample / powerful/ sufficient/ various reasons in saying that…
          One may criticize/ find fault with/ disapprove of… but the real cause/ motivation/ root/ purpose of… is …
          … results from/ arises from/ can be attributed to the fact that…
          As far as I am concerned, there are some reasons accounting for this phenomenon.
          描述结果的句型
          However important we may regard school life to be, there is no denying the fact that children spend more time at home than in the classroom. Therefore, the great influence of parents cannot be ignored or discounted by the teacher.
          One may criticize the authorities for the accident, but the real reason lies deeper.
          Thus/Asa result/So/Consequently/Hence/Accordingly/Thereby…
          It may result in/ yield/ give rise to some other problems …
          It would cause / produce/ bring about a considerable / noticeable change in …
          Among all the reasons of …, one should be emphasized that …
          论证说明句型
          It is obvious / apparent/ clear/ conspicuous / without doubt that…
          A recent report indicates that …
          According to the statistics provided by …, it can be seen that …
          Based on the survey/analysis/investigation of…, there is a growing/increasing/decreasing number of people who show concern about …
          There is sufficient evidence showing that…
          This sets forth the important fact that …
          No on can ignore / overlook / be exempt form the fact that …
          No one can deny / withdraw the fact that…
          As is known to all / It is well-known / that …
          I am convinced that…
          There is no doubt that …
          My idea/ view/ belief/ can be proved/ supported by …
          举例说明句型
          Fake commodities can do great harm to both consumers and society. For example, when a person bought fake medicine, it was useless in curing his disease and really a waste of money. Sometimes it can even cause death.
          I will take … for example
          Another special consideration in this case is that…
          For instance / example …
          Take … as an example …
          We may cite / quote / take a common example to illustrate that …
          Our society abounds with the examples of …
          … may be exemplified / proved by the following fact that …
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-10 17:21:23 | 显示全部楼层

          对比句型
          One the one hand … On the other hand…
          Nothing can rival…
          … has merits as well as drawbacks.
          … while…
          … whereas…
          … is not the same as …
          A is just the opposite…
          A differs from B in that…
          … (The case) is not the same.
          … instead…
          Otherwise…
          Contrary to widely accepted views, I believe that…
          … varies from person to person.
          What people fail to consider is that…
          A is superior/inferior to B.
          对照句型
          A is similar to B.
          A is to B what C is to D
          A and B have something in common
          Just as…, so …
          Similarly/ Likewise…
          The advantages of A are much greater that B.
          The same is true of… / The same can be said of …
          Compared with B, A has many advantages.
          Wonderful as A is, however, it has its own disadvantages, too.
          Although A enjoys considerable advantages over B, it cannot compete with B in.
          递进句型
          Moreover …
          Furthermore …
          In addition …
          Besides …
          Apart from …
          What’s more …
          What is more important …
          列举句型
          (In my opinion, borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship.) First of all, asking a friend for money puts your friend in an uncomfortable position. Second, I think borrowing money from a friend can alter his perception of you. Finally, if you borrow money from a friend, it changes the balance in the relationship.
          To begin with …
          In the first place… In the second place … In the third place …
          For one thing… For another …
          转折句型
          It goes without saying that advertisement has brought our life color, convenience, comfort, or any enjoyment undreamed of, but it is also worthwhile to point out that some advertisements have gone too far in this direction.
          But some other people become indulged in the games. They play from dawn to dusk, live in the unreal world, and give up all but everything. They are too stupid to make it clear that the real life is the most important.
          We used to write down our daily feelings and personal things on papers, which is called diaries. These are personal world full of our secrets. Today, however, some people prefer internet blogs to diaries.
          Nevertheless, there are other factors to be taken into consideration / account.
          Good as … is, it has its own disadvantages, too.
          It is partly right to say that… but we should not neglect that fact that…
          However, the advantages of … outweigh any benefit we gain from …
          It is true that… but this is not to say…
          Given the fact that…, it by no means indicates that …
          On the contrary…
          In contrast…
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-10 18:08:13 | 显示全部楼层

          让步句型 
          although
          however
          nevertheless
          after all
          yet
          并列句型  
          Few people are immune to vanity, jealousy, and pretension.
          The book is neither instructive nor interesting.
          She speaks English fluently and freely.
          He does not like swim, nor read, nor ride, nor drive.
          The group of people comes into the room, talking, singing and laughing.
          He firmly believes that a free man obtains knowledge from many sources other than books and that personal investigation is of great important.
          Nature gave them no warm fur pelts against the cold, no swiftness to escape any enemy, no weapons for fighting.
          过渡句型
          This is true that…
          It is one thing to… it is another to …
          It is true without doubt, but…
          As can be indicated in the picture …
          As is shown by the picture …
          As is revealed in the cartoon …
          As we can find out later …
          According to … given in the drawing …
          It is generally believed / accepted / thought / held …
          The key findings taken from the picture are as follows:
          It can been seen from the picture that …
          强调句型
          It is the ability to do the job that matters, not where you came from or what you are.
          It is the parents that always expect their children to get a good job and earn a lot of money.
          It is the progress she has made that surprises me.
          It was under his teacher’s instructions that he succeeded in conduction the experiment.
          It was while watching the football game that they kept shouting at the top of their voices.
          倒装句型
          Only when you have got good preparation can the opportunities come to you naturally.
          We really should not resent being called paupers. Paupers we are, and paupers we shall remain.
          So hard did he work that he finally won the fame.
          Nearby were two canoes in which they had come to the island.
          Not only was every tree cut down in the forest, but also all the animals disappear permanently.
          虚拟语气
          Care must be taken in using this method lest serious problems (should) occur.
          If only the man would listen to the others’ advice.
          Any men in his position would have done like that.
          But for electricity (= If there were no electricity), there would be no modern industry.
          Should there be any trouble with this solution, the public would be able to take legal actions.
          同位语
          Winston Churchill, Britain's Prime Minister during the Second World War, died in 1965.
          All the things have two faces, a light one and a dark one.
          No one can deny the fact that the earth moves around the sun.
          The man in the picture is obviously wrong in his opinion that a woman's place is in the home.
          Certainly there are many worthwhile programs on television,including news,educational programs for children, programs on current social problems,plays,movies,concerts, and so on.
          分词短语
          Faced with such difficulties, there is no choice for them but to quit.
          Fighting against the bad weather, an umbrella can shelter people from wind and rain.
          After seeing so many experiments, smokers become aware of the harm of smoking.
          Having suffered such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.
          Judging from his appearance, we may guess that he is an old doctor.
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-10 18:30:56 | 显示全部楼层

          3、常见结尾句型
          总结性句型  
          Based on the above reasons, I firmly believe that China will experience a stage of continuous, steady and healthy expansion in the coming years. In the long run, it is evident that China will become much stronger, and the Chinese will live a better life than ever.
          A lesson that we can draw from this example is quite obvious. Honesty is crucial for the survival of an enterprise. Only with honesty can the enterprise set up a good image, thus win the trust of the clients.
          In one word, protecting natural resources is the same as protecting our mankind.
          All in all, I think borrowing money from a friend can hurt the friendship. It creates more problems than it solves.
          It is only when people become the masters of the country that science can serve the people.
          From what I have discussed above, we may safely arrive at/reach/ come to/draw the conclusion that…
          Judging from all the evidence offered, we may suggest that…
          All the above facts goes to show that …
          In general / In summary /In conclusion / In a word / In short/ In brief/ In conclusion/ To conclude…
          Finally/ Lastly / Last but not the least …
          建设性句型  
          To solve this problem, a combined effort is really very necessary. First, factories should try all means to clean the polluted water and gas before such waste stuff flow into the river or emit into the air. Second, each government should make effective laws to punish various illegal conducts that are potentially harmful to the environment. Last but not the least, anyone of us has good reason to take actions for the restoration of the beauty of our globe.
          To eradicate this tumor of society, two measures might be involved/have to be taken immediately. For one thing, we should appeal to our government to make rigid laws to punish the briber and the bribed. For another, we ought to enhance their sense of serving people, not mastering people.
          To improve college entrance examination system, I suggest the following steps.
          The best way to solve this problem I think is to give young people opportunities to do things independently.
          My suggestion is that more people from all walks of life should be encouraged to finance the Project with their deeper love and stronger sense of responsibility for these children. And I am sure that the Project Hope will be meeting with hearty and generous response.
          There is no immediate solution to the problem of …, but … might be helpful / beneficial.
          It is, therefore, evident that the task of … requires immediate attention.
          The general awareness of the necessity and importance of ... might be the first step to solve this problem.
          It is urgent/ important/ necessary that appropriate/effective/rapid measures/steps/method should be taken to …
          号召性句型
          It is high time that parents, educators and the government made combined efforts to put an end to this situation.
          It is high time that broadcasters provided public messages on TV screens that would warn viewers about the potentially harmful effects of viewing televised violence.
          From now on, let us take actions to heal our globe, and clean up our environment! Some day, peoples in all nations will be enveloped with the blue sky and green lands.
          It is prime time that we put considerable / great/ special emphasis on …
          警示性句型
          As the issue of census plays such an important role both in our society and life, due attention should be paid from the general public as well as the government.
          Our society is no longer prepared to tolerate unnecessary cruelty to animals for science and entertainment. If we continue our crimes against these creatures, we will be remembered as cruel and inhuman by the generations of the future.
          Not surprisingly … demands/ requires/ deserves immediate/ serious attention/ consideration.
          展望性句型
          Just imagine how great the world would be if only we would have greater concern for our fellowmen.
          I firmly believe that the relationship between people will be harmonious and our society will be a better place for us to live in.
          I believe a happy and bright future is awaiting us if we make every effort to promote cultural development both nationally and internationally.
          Undoubtedly/ Obviously/ Consequently/ Clearly, … is valuable/ worthwile for …
          观点性句型
          As far as I am concerned, I hate the terrible dirt and noise in the city. So, given the chance, I would prefer to live peacefully in the country.
          In my opinion, the real implication of the author is that …
          Personally, I prefer to …
          In my point of view, I think …
          From my personal point of view, I agree with the opinion that …
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