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透析英语重难点语法:关系代词引导的定语从句

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:41:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  关系代词所代替的先行词是人或物的名词或代词,并在句中充当主语、宾语、定语等成分。关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,从句谓语动词的人称和数要和先行词保持一致。
          1)who, whom, that
          这些词代替的先行词是人的名词或代词,在从句中作主语和宾语。例如:
          Is he the man who/that wants to see you? 他就是你想见的人吗?(who/that在从句中作主语)
          He is the man whom/ that I saw yesterday.
他就是我昨天见的那个人。(whom/that在从句中作宾语)
          2) whose 用来指人或物,(只用作定语, 若指物,它还可以同of which互换)。例如:
          They rushed over to help the man whose car had broken
down. 那人车坏了,大家都跑过去帮忙。
          Please pass me the book whose (of which) cover is green. 请递给我那本绿皮的书。
          3)which, that所代替的先行词是事物的名词或代词,在从句中可作主语、宾语等。例如:
          A prosperity which / that had never been seen before appears in the
countryside.
          农村出现了前所未有的繁荣。(which / that在句中作宾语)
          The package (which / that)you are carrying is about to come unwrapped.
你拿的包快散了。(which / that在句中作宾语)
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