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英语语法精讲:isn't it

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:41:20 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  疑问附加语 isn't it
          "John is smart, isn't it?"
          这个疑问句里的附加语(question tag)对吗?如果是不对的话,错在哪里?
          在公共场所或办公室里,只要稍为留心,不难听到“ isn't it ?
”这个附加语。这种疑问句是英文几种疑问句中的一种,主要的用途在强制答话人提供问话人心目中的答案。
          这个疑问句有一定的格式,即:
          肯定叙述句(affirmative statement)+否定附加语(见例 ①及②)
          否定叙述句(negative statement)+肯定附加语(见例③及 ④)
          ①Mary is happy, isn't she?
          ②They will come, won't they?
          ③Mary isn't sad, is she?
          ④They won't come, will they?
          此外,附加语中的代名词(pronoun)和助动词(auxiliary verb)必须和叙述句中的相符。
          这类疑问句看似简单,其实容易出差错。其中一个错误便是附加语的时态(tense)不对,如:
          ⑤You could hardly expect him to help you, can you?
          ⑥The minister will talk about regional cooperation, wouldn't he ?
          另外一种错误是助动词的错用,如:
          ⑦The clerks are working hard, don't they?
          ⑧Betty won't be a sportswoman, can she?
          “isn't it”的滥用
          最常见的错误来自“isn't it”的滥用,如:
          ⑨Jason likes this book very much , isn't it?
          ⑩She can sing well, isn't it?
          11.Our team won, isn't it?
          12.Young Singaporeans have become achievement - oriented , isn't it?
          13.All our teachers are dedicated, isn't it?
          14.They will go shopping on Sunday, isn't it?
          这6个错误的附加语改正如下:
          ⑨Jason likes this book very much, doesn't he?
          ⑩She can sing well, can't she?
          11.Our team won, didn't it?
          12.Young Singaporeans have become achievement - oriented, haven't they?
          13.All our teachers are dedicated, aren't they?
          14.They will go shopping on Sunday, won't they?
          " lsn't it ? "在下列3个句子中才是正确的用法:
          15.It is fine today, isn't it?
          16.That story book is interesting, isn't it?
          17.It is worthwhile learning a second language well, isn't it?
          现在再看看“John is smart , isn't it ?”错在哪里。很明显的,错在附加语里的代名词:应该是“he
”,不是“it”,全句如下:
          John is smart, isn't he?
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