英语学习论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 8|回复: 0

英语语法指导:被动语态误用辨析

[复制链接]

36万

主题

36万

帖子

109万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
1094809
发表于 2016-7-9 17:40:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  被动语态误用辨析
          1.中文:他们结婚两年了。
          (误)They have married for two years.
       
          (正)They have been married for two years.(表示已婚状态的持续,要用完成时的被动式。)
          2.中文:他被所有学生嘲笑。
          (误)He was laughed by all the pupils.
          (正)He was laughed at by all the pupils.(不及物动词+介词=及物动词,变被动语态时介词不能省略。)
          3.中文:英语难学。
          (误)English is difficult to be learned.
          (正)English is difficult to learn.(英语难学=学英语难,也可说It's difficult to learn
English。原句的主语实际上是不定式的逻辑宾语,不定式要用主动形式。)
          4.中文:汤姆问我这些岛屿是否属于美国。
          (误)Tom asked me if these islands are belonged to America.
          (正)Tom asked me if these islands belonged to America.
          5.中文:中国发生了很大变化。
          (误)Great changes have been taken place in China.
          (正)Great changes have taken place in China.
          6.中文:战争于一九三七年爆发。
          (误)The war was broken out in 1937.
          (正)The war broke out in 1937.(take place,break out,happen,belong
to等不及物动词或短语动词没有被动语态形式。)
          7.中文:我看不清黑板。也许你需要检查你的眼睛。
          (误)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to examine your
eyes.
          (正)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to have your eyes
examined.(表示使某物被别人…,通常使用have或get+物+过去分词表示。)
          8.中文:他命令马上开始工作。
          (误)He ordered the work to start at once.
          (正)He ordered the work to be started at
once.(不定式作宾语补语时,若与宾语是被动关系,要用不定式的被动形式。)
          9.中文:他试图不介入政治。
          (误)He tried not to have mixed up in politics.
          (正)He tried not to get mixed up in
politics.(get作系动词,可代替be,后接过去分词表示被动,have无此功能。)
          10.中文:据说他很富有。
          (误)They say him to have been rich.
          (正)He is said to have been rich.(say后不可接不定式,但它的被动语态后可接不定式。)
          11.中文:那人被认为是个傻子。
          (误)The man thought to be a fool.
          (正)The man was thought to be a fool.(主语是动作的承受者而不是发出者,用被动语态。)
          ---------By Bao Zhao
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号 )

GMT+8, 2019-1-20 07:27 , Processed in 0.078222 second(s), 7 queries , WinCache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表