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语法学习:动名词及练习(含答案)

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:39:44 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  第九章 动名词
          一. 概念
          动名词由动词原形+ING构成,是一种非谓语动词形式
          二. 相关知识点精讲:
          1.作主语。例如:
          Fighting broke out between the South and the North. 南方与北方开战了。
          2.作宾语
          a. 有些动词可以用动名词作宾语。例如:
          admit 承认
          appreciate 感激
          avoid 避免
          complete完成
          consider认为
          delay 耽误
          deny 否认
          detest 讨厌
          endure 忍受
          enjoy 喜欢
          escape 逃脱
          fancy 想象
          finish 完成
          imagine 想象
          mind 介意
          miss 想念
          postpone推迟
          practice 训练
          recall 回忆
          resent 讨厌
          resume 继续
          resist 抵抗
          risk 冒险
          suggest 建议
          face 面对
          include 包括
          stand 忍受
          understand 理解
          forgive 宽恕
          keep 继续
          例如:Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please? 你把收音机音量调小一点,好吗
          The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught. 这松鼠幸运得很,刚逃避了被逮住的厄运。
          b. 有些结构后面可以用动名词作宾语或其他成分。例如:
          admit to
          prefer…to
          be used to
          lead to
          devote oneself to
          object to
          stick to
          no good
          no use
          be fond of
          look forward to
          be proud of
          stick to
          no good
          no use
          be fond of
          look forward to
          be proud of
          be busy
          can't help
          be tired of
          be capable of
          be afraid of
          think of
          burst out
          keep on
          insist on
          count on
          set about
          put off
          be good at
          take up
          give up
          be successful in
          3.作表语,对主语说明、解释。例如:
          Her job is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children. 她的工作是洗刷、清扫和照顾孩子。
          比较:She is washing, cleaning and taking care of the children.
          4.作定语,一般表示所修饰名词事物的用途。例如:
          a writing desk=a desk for writing 写字台
          a swimming pool=a pool swimming 游泳池
          有些动名词作定语,与所修饰的名词关系比较复杂。例如:
          boiling point=a temperature point at which something begins to boil 沸点
          a walking tractor=a tractor which a driver can operate while he or she is walking behind it 手扶拖拉机
          三.巩固练习
          1. I was ______ work last week, but I changed my mind.
          a. to start b. to have started c. to be starting d. to have been starting
          2. I intended ______ the matter with you, but I had some guests hen.
          a. discuss b. discussing c. having discussed d. to have discussed
          3. Don’t let me catch you ______.
          a. do that again b. to do that again c. doing that again d. done that again
          4. There are many kinds of metals ______.
          a. each has its special properties b. one has its special properties
          c.each having its special properties d. having its special properties
          5. It’s pay-day, and they’re waiting ______.
          a. for paying b. to be paid c. to be paying d. to have paid
          6. _______ trouble, I’m going to forget the whole affair.
          a. Then rather cause b. Rather causing
          c. Rather than cause d. Rather than caused
          7. The brilliance of his satires was ______ make even his victims laugh.
          a. so as to b. such as to c. so that d. such that
          8. Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclined ______ high levels of self-confidence.
          a. possess b. have possessed c. to possess d. possessing
          9. The worker is ______ in repairing the machine to notice my coming.
          a. too busy b. enough busy c. busy too d. busy enough
          10. “What did you do in the garden?”
          “I watched my father ______ his motorbike.”
          a. to repair b. repaired c. repairing d. repairs
          四.答案
          BDCCBCBCAC
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