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英语语法:英语语态讲解及练习(8)——过去将来时

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发表于 2016-7-9 17:37:30 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  过去将来时
          一、过去将来时的含义
          过去将来时表示在过去某个时间看来将要发生的动作或存在的状态。过去将来时常用于宾语从句和间接引语中。例如:
          I didn’t know if he would come.
          我不知道他是否会来。
          They never knew that population would become a big problem.
          他们从来都不知道人口问题将会成为一个大问题。
          She didn’t tell me where she would go.
          她没有告诉我她要去哪儿。
          Betty said she would visit the Great Wall next Saturday.
          贝蒂说下周六她要去参观长城。
          二、过去将来时的表达法
          (一)“would+动词原形”。常表示按计划或安排即将发生的事。例如
          He said he would come to see me.
          他说他要来看我。
          He told me he would go to Beijing.
          他告诉我他将去北京。
          (二)“was/ were+going to+动词原形”。常可用来表示按计划或安排即将发生的事。例如:
          She said she was going to start off at once.
          她说她将立即出发。
          I was told that he was going to return home.
          有人告诉我他准备回家。
          此结构还可表示根据当时情况判断有可能但不一定会发生某事。例如:
          It seemed as if it was going to rain.
          看来好像要下雨。
          (三)come, go, leave, arrive, start等动词可用过去进行时代替过去将来时。例如:
          He said the train was leaving at six the next morning.
          他说火车将于第二天早晨六点离开。
          She told me she was coming to see me.
          她告诉我她要来看我。
          (四)条件状语从句和时间状语从句中须用一般过去时代替过去将来时。例如:
          I didn’t know when she would come, but when she came I would let you know.
          我不知道她什么时候来,但她来了我会告诉你。
          The teacher said that it would be very difficult to make progress if I didn’t work hard.
          老师说,如果我不努力学习的话,就很难取得进步。
          专项练习:
          一、单选
          1- The plane is leaving right now, but Jim hasn't arrived yet.
          - Well, he said he _____here on time.
          A came B would come C can be D will be
          2 As soon as the baby saw her mother, she _____.
          A was going to cry B cryed C began to cry D was crying
          3 Li Ming said he _____happy if Brian_____to China next month.
          A as; come B was; would come C would be; came D will be; come
          4Jenny said she _____her holiday in China.
          A spent B would spent C was going to spent D would spend
          二、填空
          1 She said the bus _______(leave) at five the next morning.
          2 I wasn't sure whether he _______(lend) me his book the next morning.
          3 He was fifty-six. In two years he _______(be) fifty-eight.
          4 Whenever she has time, she ______(help) them in their work.
          答案: 答案:1 B 2 C 3C 4 D
          1 was leaving 2 would lend 3 would be 4 would help
          内容相关:
          英语语态讲解及练习(7)——过去完成时
          英语语态讲解及练习(6)——一般将来时
          英语语态讲解及练习(5)——现在完成时
       
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