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发表于 2016-7-9 23:24:32 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  More than 100 hostages spent several anxious days at Entebbe airport
          1976: Israelis rescue Entebbe hostages
          England have
          Israeli commandos have rescued 100 hostages, mostly Israelis or Jews, held
by pro-Palestinian hijackers at Entebbe airport in Uganda.
          At about 0100 local time (2200GMT), Ugandan soldiers and the hijackers were
taken completely by surprise when three Hercules transport planes landed after a
2,500-mile trip from Israel.
          About 200 elite troops ran out and stormed the airport building.
          During a 35-minute battle, 20 Ugandan soldiers and all seven hijackers died
along with three hostages.
          This operation will certainly be inscribed in the annals of military
history, in legend and in national tradition.
          The leader of the assault force, Lieutenant Colonel Yonatan Netanyahu, was
also shot dead by a Ugandan sentry.
          The Israelis destroyed 11 Russian-built MiG fighters, which amounted to a
quarter of Uganda's air force.
          The surviving hostages were then flown to Israel with a stopover in
Nairobi, Kenya, where some of the injured were treated by Israeli doctors and at
least two transferred to hospital there.
          Speaking at the Israeli Knesset (parliament) this afternoon, Prime Minister
Yitzhak Rabin who ordered the raid said: "This operation will certainly be
inscribed in the annals of military history, in legend and in national
tradition."
          Air France plane seized
          The crisis began on 27 June, when four militants seized an Athens-to-Paris
Air France flight with 250 people on board.
          The hijackers - two from the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
and two from Germany's Baader-Meinhof gang - diverted the plane to Entebbe,
where it arrived on 28 June.
          The hijackers - who were joined by three more colleagues - demanded the
release of 53 militants held in jails in Israel and four other countries.
          Uganda's President and dictator Idi Amin arrived at the airport to give a
speech in support of the PFLP and supplied the hijackers with extra troops and
weapons.
          On 1 July, the hijackers released all the hostages not carrying Israeli
passports. They were flown to Paris and London.
          Among them were British citizens George Good, a retired accountant and Tony
Russell, a senior GLC official, who arrived in London on Friday.
          The crew were offered the chance to go but chose to stay with the plane.
The remaining hostages were transferred to the airport building.
          The hijackers then set a deadline for 1100GMT for their demands to be met
or they would blow up the airliner and its passengers. But their plan was foiled
by the dramatic Israeli raid.
          John Major wins the leadership battle
          1995: Major wins Conservative leadership
          Artificially 1969:
          The The Prime Minister, John Major, has won his battle to remain leader of
the Conservative Party.
          Mr Major received backing from 218 of the party's MPs in the leadership
ballot.
          His sole challenger, John Redwood, got 89 votes.
          There were eight abstentions with 12 spoilt papers. Two Conservative MPs
failed to vote.
          Mr Major's victory represented support from two-thirds of the parliamentary
party - more than enough to win the contest outright in the first round.
          "I believe that has put to rest any question and speculation about the
leadership of the Conservative Party up to and beyond the next general
election," Mr Major said.
          The prime minister's resignation as leader of the Conservative Party last
month was widely seen as a ploy to bring to a head deep divisions in the party
over the highly contentious issue of Europe.
          There were also persistent rumours of a leadership challenge from inside
the cabinet.
          But Michael Portillo and Kenneth Clarke - both floated as possible
leadership contenders - backed the prime minister.
          The defeated challenger, John Redwood, who resigned as Welsh Secretary to
contest the party leadership, moved swiftly to congratulate the prime
minister.
          "He won fair and square under the rules and I pay tribute to that victory,"
he said.
          "I and my colleagues have fought a strong campaign - we have raised many
important issues."
          Mr Redwood attracted support from those in the party who wanted a tougher
approach to growing European integration.
          But his distant and unemotional manner earned him the nickname 'Mr Spock'
or 'The Vulcan' after the character from the television series, Star Trek.
          John Major is now expected to re-assert his authority with an immediate
cabinet reshuffle.
          Vocabulary:
          abstention : the act or habit of deliberate self-denial(节制)
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