英语学习论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 23|回复: 0

“-ing分词短语”如何用

[复制链接]

36万

主题

36万

帖子

109万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
1094809
发表于 2016-7-9 23:21:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  一、“逗号+ ing分词”短语
          1、修饰前面的句子,表示伴随或结果。这方面例子比较多,我就不举例了。
          2、做插入语,位于句中就近修饰名词,是非限定性修饰语。如OG258题的B选项。
          258. The British sociologist and activist Barbara Wootton once noted as a
humorous example of income maldistribution that the elephant that gave rides to
children at the Whipsnade Zoo was earning annually exactly what she then earned
as director of adult education for London.
          (A) that the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo was
earning
          (B) that the elephant, giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo, had
been earning
          (C) that there was an elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade
Zoo, and it earned
          (D) the elephant that gave rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and was
earning(A)
          (E) the elephant giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo and that it
earned
          OG 解释说B选项giving rides to children at the Whipsnade Zoo是非限定性修饰,这种情况 下the
structure of noted... that the elephant, giving rides ..., had been earning
falsely implies that the reader already knows about the elephant--that is, that
the existence of this particular elephant is not new information.
          3、放在一个句子(包括从句)的句末,修饰前面句子的主语。却不是就近修饰句子的宾语。如OG的256题和120题
          256. The nephew of Pliny the Elder wrote the only eyewitness account of the
great eruption of Vesuvius in two letters to the historian Tacitus.
          (A) The nephew of Pliny the Elder wrote the only eyewitness account of the
great eruption of Vesuvius in two letters to the historian Tacitus.
          (B) To the historian Tacitus, the nephew of Pliny the Elder wrote two
letters, being the only eyewitness accounts of the great eruption of
Vesuvius.
          (C) The only eyewitness account is in two letters by the nephew of Pliny
the Elder writing to the historian Tacitus an account of the great eruption of
Vesuvius.
          (D) Writing the only eyewitness account, Pliny the Elder"s nephew accounted
for the great eruption of Vesuvius in two letters to the historian Tacitus.
          (E) In two letters to the historian Tacitus, the nephew of Pliny the Elder
wrote the only eyewitness account of the great eruption of Vesuvius.
          In B, the verb phrase that begins being the only eyewitness accounts
modifies the subject of the preceding clause, suggesting non­sensically that the
nephew of Pliny the Elder himself was the eyewitness accounts.
          120. The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken
by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque
in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.
          (A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as
          (B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
          (C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the
Acropolis like
          (D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to
be
          (E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as
          in E, establishing and using modify Athens, thus producing an absurd
statement
          “逗号+ing分词放在句末修饰宾语的例子好像很少,目前我还未见到,如果有谁见到,请指出。我觉得,如果想要用非限定性修饰语修饰宾语最好用定于从句,用“逗号+ing分词”容易引起歧义。
          二、“n.+分词短语”(中间没有逗号”)
          就近修饰名词,做限定性修饰语。如OG237
          237. It seems likely that a number of astronomical phenomena, such as the
formation of planetary nebulas, may be caused by the interaction where two stars
orbit each other at close range.
          (A) may be caused by the interaction where two stars orbit each other
          (B) may be caused by the interaction between two stars that each orbit the
other
          (C) are because of the interaction between two stars that orbit each
other
          (D) are caused by the interaction of two stars where each is orbiting the
other
          (E) are caused by the interaction of two stars orbiting each other
          选E
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号 )

GMT+8, 2020-8-7 03:26 , Processed in 0.031830 second(s), 7 queries , WinCache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表