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Today in history:March 29

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发表于 2016-7-9 23:21:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  March 29
          London Marathon is now an annual event
          1981: Triumph at first London Marathon
          England have
          Thousands of people have jogged through the normally quiet Sunday streets
of the capital to compete in the first ever London marathon.
          Pounding along the 26 mile (41.84 km) route from Greenwich Park, in south
east London, to Buckingham Palace, 6,700 participants turned out in drizzle to
complete the gruelling run.
          The boom of a 25 lb (11.34 kg) cannon sent the marathon runners, ranging
from a 15-year-old girl to septuagenarians , on their way at 0900 BST.
          The sportsmanship of the event was evident as American Dick Beardsley, 24,
and Norwegian Inge Simonsen, 25, won the race crossing through the tape hand in
hand after two hours, 11 minutes and 48 seconds.
          Joyce Smith, a Briton was the first female to cross the finishing line, in
2:29:56.
          About seven hours after the start Marie Dominque de Groot, 30, from Paris
and David Gaiman, 47, from East Grinstead ran past the finish line holding hands
as the final contestants across the line.
          Most finished
          An estimated 80% of those who took part are understood to have crossed the
finish line and participants included celebrities such as Jimmy Saville, who
raised ?0,000 for charity.
          More than 22,000 people wanted to run but the figure was kept to 7,590 by
police.
          The race, taking in the banks of the Thames and the City of London,
contained more turns than its New York sister event and was 30 yards longer than
the official marathon distance.
          At regular intervals 1,000 volunteer helpers marked the route, joined by
500 special constables, 26 first-aid stations and 300 St John Ambulance
personnel while cardiac unit was on hand at Constitution Hill.
          The marathon is the brainchild of Chris Brasher, former Olympic
Steeplechaser and was organised with a budget of ?00,000 from which 2,000 foil
blankets, 75 portable lavatories, 400 gallons of coffee and 50,000 plastic cups
were supplied.
          Calley could face the death penalty
          1971: Calley guilty of My Lai massacre
          Artificially 1969:
          The Lieutenant William Calley has been found guilty of murder at a court
martial for his part in the My Lai massacre which claimed the lives of 500 South
Vietnamese civilians.
          The 27-year-old commander could receive the death penalty or life
imprisonment after the massacre which saw US soldiers open fire on civilians in
My Lai and neighbouring villages in central Vietnam in March 1968.
          Lieutenant Calley was in charge of Charlie Company, a unit of the American
Division"s 11th Infantry Brigade, who were on a mission to root out the
communist 48th Viet Cong Battalion fighters.
          Brutal killings
          The Viet Cong were not in the village and instead more than 500 unarmed
civilians were brutally killed in an unprovoked attack by US troops.
          Lieutenant Calley will be sentenced in the next few days after the verdict
was announced at Fort Benning, Georgia today.
          The jury of six army officers spent 13 days weighing up evidence from a
four month trial.
          They rejected his claim he was merely following orders in a military chain
of command instilled in him since joining the army.
          Lieutenant Calley faced four charges:
          the murder of at least 30 "oriental human beings" at a junction of two
trails
          killing 70 others in a ditch
          shooting a man who approached him with his hands raised begging for
mercy
          killing a child running from the ditch where the 70 died.
          He was found guilty on the first three charges, although the number of the
first was slashed from 30 to one because of conflicting evidence, and the death
toll in the second charge was reduced to 20.
          The final charge was reduced to assault with intent to kill a child of
which he was found guilty.
          Three of Lieutenant Calley"s senior officers will be tried on charges
arising from the massacre, two men junior to him have already been tried and
acquitted and charges against 19 others have been dropped.
          Charges came after the army commissioned an investigation into the cover-up
of the massacre which became known as the Peers inquiry.
          Vocabulary:
          septuagenarian: A person who is 70 years old or between the ages of 70 and
80(七十至八十岁的人)
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