英语学习论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 13|回复: 0

Today in history:March 22

[复制链接]

36万

主题

36万

帖子

109万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
1094809
发表于 2016-7-9 23:20:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  March 22
          The arrest of Rosa Parks sparked the boycott
          1956: King convicted for bus boycott
          England have
          Civil rights leader, the Reverend Martin Luther King, has been convicted of
organising an illegal boycott by black passengers of buses in the US state of
Alabama.
          Mr King, 27, was fined $500 (?78) and ordered to pay an equal amount in
costs.
          However, his lawyers immediately gave notice of their intention to appeal
and the fine was converted into a prison sentence of 386 days, suspended until
the appeal hearing.
          Archaic law
          The 17-week-old boycott in the town of Montgomery was sparked by the arrest
of a black woman, Rosa Parks, who refused to give up her seat for a white
passenger on 1 December last year.
          The town"s segregation laws stipulate separate areas on buses for blacks
and whites and require blacks to give up their seats for whites if
necessary.
          Black travellers have long complained of being called racist names by bus
drivers and being forced to stand even if seats were vacant in the whites-only
section.
          Mrs Parks, 42, was not the first to be arrested for refusing to give up her
seat but she was a well-known and respected figure in Montgomery"s black
community.
          Four days after her arrest an almost universal boycott of the town"s buses
by black passengers began which has seriously diminished the companies"
revenues.
          Mr King was found guilty under an archaic law dating from 1921 designed to
break trade union action.
          The law carries a maximum penalty of $1,000 and six months in prison.
          But Judge Eugene Carter said he had been lenient with Mr King because he
had advocated non-violence.
          Sir Richard was an acknowledged expert on security affairs
          1979: British ambassador assassinated in Holland
          Artificially 1969:
          The British ambassador in Holland Sir Richard Sykes has been shot dead
outside his Dutch home.
          Two gunmen opened fire on Sir Richard and his Dutch footman as they left
his residence at The Hague to make the short five minute car journey to the
embassy.
          At about 0900 local time the 58-year-old and 19-year-old footman, Karel
Straub, were both shot in the head.
          The father-of-three is reported to have fallen into his car and been driven
off at speed by his chauffeur Jack Wilson.
          Mr Straub fell to the pavement and was repeatedly shot again.
          Both men were taken to hospital but died on arrival within minutes of each
other.
          Eyewitnesses said the gunmen were wearing dark suits and coats, aged
between 35 and 40, and escaped down a quiet alleyway.
          Alyson Bailes, secretary to the former Trade Secretary Edmund Dell, is on a
special visit to Holland and is understood to have been with Sir Richard during
the attack.
          But initial reports suggest she is unharmed.
          A spokesman for the embassy said: "We have no idea who perpetrated this
horrible act, or for what motive."
          Police in the Netherlands and in Britain have not ruled out IRA
involvement, but other groups under suspicion include Palestinians and
Iraqis.
          Detectives are also considering the possibility Dutch "hit-men" could be
involved.
          The embassy and the police said no threats had been made against the
ambassador, and there had been no sign of IRA activity in Holland during recent
months.
          Sir Richard was an acknowledged expert on security affairs and had been a
diplomat in Cuba, Peking and Washington.
          He was responsible for an internal report on the safety of British
diplomats following the killing in 1977 of the British ambassador to Eire,
Christopher Ewart-Biggs.
          Sir Richard took up his job in June 1977 after a two year posting as a
Foreign and Commonwealth Office deputy under-secretary in London.
          Vocabulary:
          boycott: To act together in abstaining from using, buying, or dealing with
as an expression of protest or disfavor or as a means of coercion.(联合抵制)
          chauffeur : One employed to drive a private automobile((法语)司机)
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

小黑屋|手机版|Archiver|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号 )

GMT+8, 2020-2-17 10:06 , Processed in 0.030694 second(s), 7 queries , WinCache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.4

© 2001-2017 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表