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零基础学英语:assume & presume

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发表于 2016-7-9 22:45:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  In common usage both assume and presume can mean ‘suppose’ and are often
interchangeable in this meaning.
          在常见的用法中,assume和presume与suppose有相同的含义,意为假设/假定,表示这个含义是可以相互替换。
          However, technically there is a subtle difference between the two
words。
          然而,严格来讲,这两个词之间还有一些微小的差别。
          1.presume is to ‘suppose to be the case on the basis of probability’:
          1.presume表示依据一定的可能性做出的假设:
          Two of the journalists went missing and are presumed dead.
          两名记者失踪,推测其已经死亡。
          2.Assume on the other hand is to ‘suppose to be the case without
proof’:
          2.Assume则表示作出的推测和假设是不基于任何依据的:
          I just assumed it to be the case.
          我只是假设它是这样的。
          另外这两个词都有“承担责任”的含义,表示这个含义时,assume意为“承担一种角色”:
          I assumed the role of the aggressor in the conversation.
          在这个对话中,我承担起侵略者的角色。
          Presume多表示态度有关:
          He had presumed too great a level of familiarity.
          他在亲密程度上有过分的冒犯。
          小测验:选词填空
          1.You ____ his innocence before hearing the evidence against him.
          assume presume
          2. With the glances she was throwing at their adopted children, I would
____ the reason was jealousy.
          assume presume
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