英语学习论坛

 找回密码
 立即注册
查看: 9|回复: 0

雅思词汇之各种鱼

[复制链接]

35万

主题

35万

帖子

105万

积分

论坛元老

Rank: 8Rank: 8

积分
1058217
发表于 2016-7-9 22:38:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  鱼不仅可以用作观赏,同时还具有很高的观赏价值,鱼肉鱼的种类很多,主要的食用淡水鱼包括鲤鱼、草鱼、鲫鱼、鳜鱼等,海水鱼包括黄鱼、带鱼、平鱼等。它们都具有肉质细嫩鲜美、营养丰富的特点,是一些维生素、矿物质的良好来源。下面与大家分享的各种鱼的单词,你认识几个呢?小编从Wikipedia节选了一些鱼的简介,咱们不仅要学会这些鱼的叫法,相关的知识也不能少哦。
       
       

137_121207114437.jpg

137_121207114437.jpg

          三文鱼:salmon
          Salmon(/ˈsæmən/) is the common name for several species of fish in the
family Salmonidae. Several other fish in the same family are called trout; the
difference is often said to be that salmon migrate and trout are resident, but
this distinction does not strictly hold true. Salmon live along the coasts of
both the North Atlantic (the migratory species Salmo salar) and Pacific Oceans
(half a dozen species of the genus Oncorhynchus), and have also been introduced
into the Great Lakes of North America. Salmon are intensively produced in
aquaculturein many parts of the world.
          鲈鱼:weever
          Weevers(or Weeverfish) are nine extant species of fish of family
Trachinidae, order Perciformes. They are long (up to 37 cm), mainly brown and
have poisonous spines on their first dorsal fin and gills. Weevers are unusual
in not having a swim bladder as do most bony fish and as a result sink as soon
as they stop actively swimming. Weevers are sometimes used as an ingredient in
the recipe for bouillabaisse.Weevers are sometimes erroneously called "weaver
fish", although the word is unrelated. In fact, the word "weever" is believed to
derive from the Old French word "wivre", meaning serpent or dragon, from the
Latin "vipera". It is sometimes also known as the viperfish, although it is not
related to the viperfish proper (i.e., the stomiids of the genus
Chauliodus).
          桂鱼:mandarin fish
          多宝鱼:turbot
          鲱鱼:herring
          鲥鱼:hilsa herring
          黑鱼:snakehead
          鲶鱼:catfish
          鳟鱼:trout
          鳝鱼/鳗鱼:eel
          带鱼:hairtail
          鱿鱼:squid
          Squidare cephalopods of the order Teuthida, which comprises around 300
species. Like all other cephalopods, squid have a distinct head, bilateral
symmetry, a mantle, and arms. Squid, like cuttlefish, have eight armsarranged in
pairs and two, usually longer, tentacles. Squid are strong swimmers and certain
species can "fly" for short distances out of the water.
          墨鱼:cuttlefish
          比目鱼:flounder
          Flounderare a group of flatfish species. They are demersal fish found at
the bottom of coastal lagoons andestuaries of the Northern Atlantic and Pacific
Oceans.
          鳕鱼:cod
          Codis the common name for the genus Gadus of demersal fishes, belonging to
the familyGadidae. Cod is also used as part of the commons name for a number of
other fishes, and there are species suggested to belong to genus Gadus that are
not called cod (the Alaska pollock).
          金枪鱼:tuna
          Atunais a saltwater finfish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a
sub-grouping of the mackerel family(Scombridae)—which together with the tunas,
also includes the bonitos, mackerels, and Spanish mackerels. Thunnini comprises
fifteen species across five genera, the sizes of which vary greatly, ranging
from thebullet tuna (max. length: 50 cm (1.6 ft), weight: 1.8 kg (4 lb)) up to
the Atlantic bluefin tuna (max. length: 4.6 m (15 ft), weight: 684 kg (1,508
lb)). The bluefin averages 2 m (6.6 ft), and is believed to live for up to 50
years.
          鲤鱼:carp
          Carpare various species of oily freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae, a
very large group of fish native to Europe and Asia.
          白鲢:silver carp
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

Archiver|手机版|小黑屋|新都网 ( 京ICP备09058993号

GMT+8, 2017-11-24 08:19 , Processed in 0.130837 second(s), 10 queries , Wincache On.

Powered by Discuz! X3.2

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表