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奥运会比赛项目英文介绍:Taekwondo(跆拳道)

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发表于 2016-7-9 22:29:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
  

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            Various Korean forms of martial arts have existed but in the early 20th century, taekwondo became the dominant form. In 1955 a group of Korean martial arts leaders chose taekwondo as the definitive Korean martial art in an attempt to promote its development internationally.   
              In 1973, the Korean government recognised the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) as the legitimate governing body of the sport, and the first World Championships were held in that year.
        跆拳道腿部动作中英对照:
        跆拳道腿部动作中英对照side kick = 侧踢
        turning kick = 横踢/ 转踢
        front snap kick = 前踢
        back kick = 后踢/ 背踢
        twisting kick = 内摆腿
        crescent kick = 外摆腿
        hook kick = 钩踢
        rising kick = 上踢
        side rising kick = 侧身上踢
        pushing kick= 前推腿
        double chop kick = 双飞踢
        cut down kick / downward kick/ hammer kick = 下劈腿 / 劈腿
        swinging kick = 摆腿
        reverse kick = 后旋踢
        jump side kick = 跳步侧踢
        jump turning kick = 跳步横踢/
        jump snap kick = 跳步前踢
        jump back kick = 跳步后踢
        jump hook kick = 跳步钩踢
        jump cut down kick = 跳步下劈腿
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-9 23:44:40 | 显示全部楼层

        jumping twisting kick = 跳高内摆腿
        jumping crescent kick = 跳高外摆腿
        jumping side kick = 跳高侧踢
        jumping turning kick = 跳高横踢
        jumping snap kick = 跳高前踢
        jumping rising kick = 跳高上踢
        jumping double snap kick = 跳高双前踢
        jumping over side kick / flying side kick=跳越侧踢
        jumping over back kick / flying back kick=跳越后踢
        reverse turning kick/ 360 turning kick = 旋风踢
        reverse hook kick = 反身钩踢
        reverse pushing kick = 反身前推腿
        reverse cut down kick = 反身下劈腿
        outside turning kick = 外横踢/ 外转踢
        back side kick = 后侧踢
        跆拳道马步stance (stand)中英对照
        L- stance / back stance = 3, 7 步/丁字马
        cat stance / vertical bending stance/ tiger stance = 猫足 / 吊马(太极七)
        close stance = 合步 (太极七)
        forward stance = 弓步
        sitting stance = 坐马 / 四平马
        side sitting stance = 侧身坐马
        standing stance = 立马
        walking stance = 步行马
        x - stance = 交叉步 (太极五)
            
            
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发表于 2016-7-10 00:30:43 | 显示全部楼层

        跆拳道手部动作中英对照
        higher, middle, lower section punch = 上,中,下路拳
        knife hand = 手刀
        arc hand = 扣喉手 (对拆)
        back fist = 背拳 / 挂锤
        finger thrust = 拍手标指 (太极四)
        reverse knife hand = 反手刀 (太极三)
        short punch = 短拳/ 短锤 (太极七)
        spear finger = 标指
        side elbow = 侧批肘
        upper elbow = 上批肘
        vertical punch = 日字拳 (对拆)
        跆拳道防挡动作中英对照
        higher, middle common ,lower section block =上,中,下路防挡
        twisting block = 内挡/ 转挡
        outside block = 外挡
        fist guard block = 护挡
        knife hand guarding block=手刀护挡(太四)
        double forearm block=双前臂防挡 (太七)
        double knife hand block=双手刀防挡(太四)
        upward block = 上拍手
        inward block = 内拍手 (太六)
        wedging block= 扣手
        W-shape block = 山形防挡 (金刚)
        outside X-fist block = 外交叉防挡
        higher , lower X-fist block = 上,下路交叉防挡
        double wedging block = 双前扣手
        diamond block = 菱形防挡 (太七)
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